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Challenging Critical Reasoning #2

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Challenging Critical Reasoning #2 [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2005, 03:22
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (03:26) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 2 sessions
Question:
According to psychoanalytic theory,people have unconcious beliefs that are kept from becoming conscious by a psychological mechanism termed "repression." Researchers investigating the nature of this mechanism observed occasions on which a patient undergoing therapy became aware of and expressed a previously unconcious belief. They found that such occasions were marked by an unusual decrease in the patient's level of anxiety.

If the information above is true, and if the researcher's investigation was properly conducted,then which of the following must also be true?
(a) Changes in the patient's anxiety level during therapy can generally be used as an accurate measure of the extent to which the patient is becoming conscious of previously repressed beliefs.
(b) Even when one of a patient's unconcious beliefs remain unconscious, researchers are sometimes able to discover this belief.
(c)If the psychoanalytic theory is correct, then most conscious beliefs originate as unconscious beliefs.
(d) Researchers were able to distinguish expressed beliefs that had previously been unconscious from those that had long been conscious but that the patient had not previously expressed.
(e) Although the beliefs on which the mechanism of repression works are all unconscious,the operation of the mechanism itself is something of which patients are consciously aware.
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2005, 03:39
a convoluted CR - no doubt.

Will go for D.
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2005, 05:44
I'll go with D

The finding can be claimed to be correct only if the researchers were able to correctly distinguish between previously unconscious beliefs from the ones that were conscious, but not expressed by the subject.
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2005, 06:43
I also go with (D).

Maarverick's explantion is correct...
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2005, 09:40
D is my choice,

Unless the researchers can tell A from B, then they cannot know whether the subject are becoming less "repressed"
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 [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2005, 07:44
Would have gone with "A", but might be wrong.
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2005, 02:35
Folks,

Thank you for the reply.The correct answer is (d).Rgds,

Anna
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Re: Challenging Critical Reasoning #2 [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2009, 14:52
Can someone explain why not A?
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Re: Challenging Critical Reasoning #2 [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2009, 22:43
(a) Changes in the patient's anxiety level during therapy can generally be used as an accurate measure of the extent to which the patient is becoming conscious of previously repressed beliefs.

[1] accurate - very strong.
[2] How can we be sure "drop in anxiety" doesn't happen from other phycological conditions also.
How can we be sure that there is a "proportional drop" in anxiety to " becoming conscious of previously repressed beliefs".

It is obviously going to far.
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Re: Challenging Critical Reasoning #2 [#permalink] New post 13 Feb 2009, 10:00
Yes! Agreed A is the trap answer and that's why its planted as A
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Re: Challenging Critical Reasoning #2 [#permalink] New post 13 Feb 2009, 20:46
Thanks!
Re: Challenging Critical Reasoning #2   [#permalink] 13 Feb 2009, 20:46
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