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Circle C is in the xy-plane, what is the area of the circle?

(1) Points (-2, 0) and (0,2) lie on the circle. (2) The radius of the circle is equal to or less than 2^(1/2).

\(area=\pi{r^2}\), so we should find the value of radius.

It would be better if you visualize this problem.

(1) Points (-2, 0) and (0,2) lie on the circle --> two points DO NOT define a circle (three points does), hence we can have numerous circles containing these two points, thus we can not find single numerical value of radius. Not sufficient.

Side note: if you put points (-2, 0) and (0,2) on XY-plane you can see that center of the circle must be on the line \(y=-x\) (the center of the circle must be equidistant from two pints given).

(2) The radius of the circle is equal to or less than \(\sqrt{2}\) --> \(r\leq{\sqrt{2}}\). Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) The distance between the 2 points given is \(d=\sqrt{2^2+2^2}=2\sqrt{2}\), so it's min length of diameter of the circle passing these points (diameter of a circle passing 2 points can not be less than the distance between these 2 points), thus half of \(2\sqrt{2}\) is min length of the radius of the circle --> \(r\geq{\sqrt{2}}\) but as from (2) \(r\leq{\sqrt{2}}\) then \(r=\sqrt{2}\) --> \(area=\pi{r^2}=2\pi\). Sufficient.

Re: Circle C is in the xy-plane, what is the area of the circle? [#permalink]
28 Jun 2013, 21:46

1

This post received KUDOS

Adding to Bunnel's explanation, another way to arrive at why r >=\sqrt{2} is because the sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than or equal to the third side. The triangle under consideration would be the one formed by the points (-2,0) , (0,2) and the center of the circle. Two sides of this triangle are equal to the radii of the circle. Thus, r+r >= distance between points (-2,0) , (0,2) = 2 \sqrt{2}. Thanks.

Side note: if you put points (-2, 0) and (0,2) on XY-plane you can see that center of the circle must be on the line \(y=-x\) (the center of the circle must be equidistant from two pints given).

Re: Circle C is in the xy-plane, what is the area of the circle? [#permalink]
08 Mar 2015, 04:52

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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