Citizens of a democracy who are dissatisfied with their leader are free to express their criticisms and elect a candidate to succeed him. Candidates for office make live speeches about their agendas and broadcast the improvements they intend to make if elected to office through various media sources, and the citizens, therefore, should be able to make an informed choice about a replacement leader. However, citizens are often dissatisfied and do not believe that the new leader is any better than the previous one was.
Which of the following, if true, best explains why an election might not result in the selection of a candidate who citizens believe to be better than the previous leader?
(A) Prior to an election, candidates often make claims that they do not actually follow through with once in office.
(B) Citizens can only express their criticisms through print media and, therefore, candidates can not address their concerns.
(C) Media sources may include editorials along with their coverage of the candidates that provide additional points of view.
(D) The members of the leader's cabinet, also elected by the citizens, may not be as well-liked as the leader.
(E) Candidates who are not well known are the least likely to be elected.
Movie theaters used to show more new movie releases than movie re-releases, because new releases could be seen in theaters long before they were released for home viewing. Entertainment technology has advanced so much, however, that movies are now made available for home viewing within months of their theatrical release. As a consequence, movie theaters no longer have an advantage over home entertainment systems and no longer show as many new movie releases. Surprisingly, the number of movie goers who choose to see new releases in movie theaters and not in their homes is larger than ever.
Which of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the paradox outlined above?
(A) Seeing new releases in theaters affords movie-goers an element of social prestige and community cohesion that viewing movies at home does not.
(B) Modern film viewers realize that they can have the same viewing experience for less money by waiting until new releases become available for home viewing.
(C) Many individuals now illicitly tape the screenings of new releases in movie theaters and sell them for home viewing.
(D) Before new releases were more readily available for home viewing, it was easier for movie theaters to attract customers because movie-going was considered a novel pastime.
(E) Movie theaters often change the new releases they are playing if a given line-up does not attract a sufficient number of customers.
In the town of Viceroy, the salaries of miners employed by the Hadley Coal Company have fallen steadily over the last six years. During this same period, however, the rate of home ownership among miners employed by the Hadley Coal Company has increased by 15 percent. This trend is surprising because the rate of home ownership generally remains steady or declines as salaries fall, since workers are unable to afford the high monthly taxes that accompany home ownership.
Which of the following, if true over the past six years, most helps to explain why home ownership among the Hadley miners has followed this trend?
(A) The average price of a home in Viceroy has increased, forcing all citizens of Viceroy with decreasing salaries to consider buying smaller homes.
(B) Because of an increase in worker-related injuries among miners, Viceroy's government has subsidized the cost of safety equipment for the Hadley Coal Company.
(C) A rise in the demand for coal has led coal companies in neighboring towns to offer extra shifts of paid work to the miners in Viceroy.
(D) The decrease in salaries has increased Hadley Coal Company's profits and led to a corresponding increase in the value of Hadley Coal Company stock.
(E) Viceroy's local newspapers have published several articles criticizing the Hadley Coal Company for decreasing the salaries of its miners.
In the majority of serious car crashes, higher expenses are incurred by medical bills that pay for bodily injuries sustained by drivers than by the cost of repairing damage withstood by the vehicle itself. Yet, whereas most rental car companies require renters to purchase collision insurance that protects against vehicle damage, they do not require the purchase of bodily injury insurance.
Which of the following, if true, would contribute most to an explanation of the difference in insurance requirements?
(A) People are often uncomfortable when they are forced to consider suffering bodily injury to themselves or their family.
(B) Many people are less worried about collisions that damage cars than about collisions that cause bodily injury.
(C) The value of a car to a rental car company is not affected by the bodily injuries withstood by the a driver.
(D) Few rental car drivers have medical insurance that would cover common injuries sustained in a car collision.
(E) Collision insurance that covers vehicles is more expensive than medical insurance that covers drivers.
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