Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman

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Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2009, 12:06
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Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists
b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months.
c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
d) there was only on outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s
e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2010, 01:27
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vannbj, in this exercise we are not asked to find the truth, but just to find the option that most strongly supports the hypothesis. Even if the hypothesis is wrong, it doesn't matter because we need to find the evidence that will support it. If the question was: from the following, which one is true? Then it will be a problem because none is true. But the question is which one most strongly support the hypothesis, and out of those, the best is D.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2012, 23:04
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Found the logic below in a different forum and I felt the explanation was great..

There seems to be a causal relationship involved...the argument says that there was a disruption that interfered with the copying of the Codex...then it proceeds to say that there was a letter from the 4th copyist about a plague in 1148(which happens to be the disruption) and this plague(disruption) caused the Codex to be produced that year.

Cause: Plague of 1148 (C)
Effect Delayed the Codex to be produced that year. (E)

C->E

Remember that in a causal relationship the author assumes that no other cause is responsible for the Effect. And he assures us that this cause is very much true(here he states that there was some significant disruption that caused the delay in produce - the plague of 1148).

Following this, we need to Strengthen the authors assumptions about his causal relationship by either:
1) showing C causes E
2) Eliminating other Causes
3) Eliminating reverse causality
4) Showing data used to make causality is accurate
5) if there is no cause then there is no effect.

Answer choice D properly demonstrates rule 2 "Eliminating other Causes"...if this was not the only plague then perhaps a later plague further delayed the Codex produce ...hope this helps...

(This question is particularly difficult because the causal relationship is difficult to spot, but you can try to do so by looking for Causal identifiers like "Since....<this>"..."therefore <this>")
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2009, 17:58
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D

gurpreet07 wrote:
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient
Roman medical treatise, is undated but contains clues
to when it was produced. Its first 80 pages are by a
single copyist, but the remaining 20 pages are by
three different copyists, which indicates some
significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting
identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a
plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148,
Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Codex Berinensis was probably produced in 1148.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports
the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced
in 1148?
(A) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no
known samples of the handwriting of the first
three copyists.
How does it matter if CB was produced in 1148, Rejected

(B) According to the account by the fourth copyist,
the plague went on for 10 months.
If the plague went on for 10 days, it does not affect if CB was produced in 1948

(C) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text
the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
In a day it does not provide support for CB being produced in 1148
(D) There was only one outbreak of plague in
Florence in the 1100s.
This is correct I arrived by elimination. This is inline with the plague occurance and significant interruption due to it.
(E) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis
produced by a single scribe becomes smaller
smaller it does not affect our proposal that the CB was produced in 1148
with each successive change of copyist
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2009, 12:00
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How can we assume that the disruption was due to the plague? Also how does the occurrence of the letter in 1148 relate to the timing of the treatise? Even if there was one 1 outbreak in the 1100’s couldn’t the fourth copyist have produced them 60 years apart? I’m not trying to just be contrary but I have to ask since I didn’t make those leaps to get to D as the OA. But I do see how every other answer is wrong. When I read this I said to myself, “Wait. None of them are right.”
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2010, 03:58
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vannbj wrote:
How can we assume that the disruption was due to the plague? Also how does the occurrence of the letter in 1148 relate to the timing of the treatise? Even if there was one 1 outbreak in the 1100’s couldn’t the fourth copyist have produced them 60 years apart? I’m not trying to just be contrary but I have to ask since I didn’t make those leaps to get to D as the OA. But I do see how every other answer is wrong. When I read this I said to myself, “Wait. None of them are right.”

I developed the same logic as you did. None of them are right.

Can someone help？
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2011, 07:49
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The answer is clearly D. I took nearly 4 minutes over it, but that was because I didn't want to get it wrong and read and re-read the passage.

Here is my critical reasoning!:
1. Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists. How would this matter?
2. According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for 10 months. This may help. But nonetheless, it doesn't point to a particular period specifically.
3. A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day. No reason why this would point to 1148
4. There was only one outbreak of plague in Florence in the 1100s.If there were more, wouldn't be able to pin-point the year. Therefore this is my pick.
5. The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist.Needless to say, this is really worthless information.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2016, 02:07
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ENAFEX wrote:
Found the logic below in a different forum and I felt the explanation was great..

There seems to be a causal relationship involved...the argument says that there was a disruption that interfered with the copying of the Codex...then it proceeds to say that there was a letter from the 4th copyist about a plague in 1148(which happens to be the disruption) and this plague(disruption) caused the Codex to be produced that year.

Cause: Plague of 1148 (C)
Effect Delayed the Codex to be produced that year. (E)

C->E

Remember that in a causal relationship the author assumes that no other cause is responsible for the Effect. And he assures us that this cause is very much true(here he states that there was some significant disruption that caused the delay in produce - the plague of 1148).

Following this, we need to Strengthen the authors assumptions about his causal relationship by either:
1) showing C causes E
2) Eliminating other Causes
3) Eliminating reverse causality
4) Showing data used to make causality is accurate
5) if there is no cause then there is no effect.

Answer choice D properly demonstrates rule 2 "Eliminating other Causes"...if this was not the only plague then perhaps a later plague further delayed the Codex produce ...hope this helps...

(This question is particularly difficult because the causal relationship is difficult to spot, but you can try to do so by looking for Causal identifiers like "Since....<this>"..."therefore <this>")

Thumb rule for Causal and Effect CR questions... it requires prethinking.
- For Causal and effect CR questions :-
- Prethinking
1) showing C causes E
2) Eliminating other Causes
3) Eliminating reverse causality
4) Showing data used to make causality is accurate
5) if there is no cause then there is no effect.

Kudos for the help!
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2009, 22:57
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vibhaj wrote:
D

gurpreet07 wrote:
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient
Roman medical treatise, is undated but contains clues
to when it was produced. Its first 80 pages are by a
single copyist, but the remaining 20 pages are by
three different copyists, which indicates some
significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting
identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a
plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148,
Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Codex Berinensis was probably produced in 1148.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports
the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced
in 1148?
(A) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no
known samples of the handwriting of the first
three copyists.
How does it matter if CB was produced in 1148, Rejected

(B) According to the account by the fourth copyist,
the plague went on for 10 months.
If the plague went on for 10 days, it does not affect if CB was produced in 1948

(C) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text
the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
In a day it does not provide support for CB being produced in 1148
(D) There was only one outbreak of plague in
Florence in the 1100s.
This is correct I arrived by elimination. This is inline with the plague occurance and significant interruption due to it.
(E) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis
produced by a single scribe becomes smaller
smaller it does not affect our proposal that the CB was produced in 1148
with each successive change of copyist

Well explained.. +1
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2014, 00:26
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Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.
Her
Conclusion: The book was probably produced in 1148.
Assumption: After the third writer, fourth writer took less than an year to complete the book.

Many people tend to confuse that the writer simply mentioned 1148. But how come he wrote that only 1148. I can quote what happened in 1148 and 2014. Here we are simply trying to strengthen it . That is we are simply increasing the chances with new evidence.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists. Book produced in 1148 has nothing to do with no known samples of first three copyists. Note we are only concerned about this book and year
b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months. I can simply quote an even happened in past in present. It has nothing to do with prove book and year in which it is likely to produced.
c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day. General fact. Doesn't go with conclusion
d) there was only on outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s - Correct answer. Only major event in 1148 that could have stopped the previous three. The fourth guy would have started here in 1148. Not we are just strengthning we are not proving that it is finished in 1148. This answer would have been straight forward if the conclusion had indicated that book must have been produced post 1148.
e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist - [color=#0000ff]OFS.One can take 100 years to produce 100 pages. So what ? No evidence that the book is completed in 1148 . [/color]
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2014, 09:52
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I picked E. Although none of the answer choices seems to explain that the Codex was written in that year.
D - What if the Codex was written 200 years after the outbreak?
in E - The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist.
If the number of pages written by a single person is decreasing, most probably it is because they simply died, and if decreasing, then most probably the disease became more and more spread, killing more people in less time.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2010, 06:56
Thanks Jasonlu1981, I'm glad that I'm not crazy.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2010, 16:39
I picked D, but I reached it using the same process of elimination that vibhaj did...
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2010, 18:02
D for me too.
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18 Jul 2010, 22:24
D it is
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 03:53
not my day all CR's are going worng
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2011, 10:45
D it is ,though i dont understand why the GMAT test makers use stupid names like codex berenensis . kind of difficult to pronounce this
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28 Apr 2011, 20:11
A defender argument,seeking external reasoning for strengthening the conclusion.D justifies the purpose.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2011, 01:07
D
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2011, 03:12
+1 for D.

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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2011, 03:12

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