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Columnist: Over the last 20 years the demand in North

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Columnist: Over the last 20 years the demand in North [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 01:55
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A
B
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D
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Question Stats:

33% (02:27) correct 67% (02:08) wrong based on 55 sessions
Columnist:
Over the last 20 years the demand in North
America for Japanese-made automobiles has
increased, whereas the Japanese demand for North
American-made automobiles has been stagnant.
Until recently, this imbalance could plausibly be
attributed to Japanese models’ superior fuel
efficiency und reliability, but now cars made in
North America are by these standards the equal of
any Japanese model. What North American
exporters continue to ignore is that the Japanese
drive on the left side of the road. Therefore, one
obstacle to reducing the automotive trade
imbalance will be removed if North American
manufacturers simply produce more cars with
right-side steering wheels.

Which one of the following is an assumption
required by the columnist's argument?


A) The fuel efficiency and reliability of cars made in
North America will continue to increase.

B) If the Japanese drive on the left side of the road,
then they are not inclined to buy cars with left-side
steering wheels.

C) Japanese automotive safety standards require that
all new domestic automobiles have right-side
steering wheels.

D) Given a choice between similar Japanese and
North American models, all with right-side
steering wheels, most Japanese would choose
the North American model.

E) The automotive trade imbalance can be lessened
only if North American manufacturers produce
automobiles that more effectively meet the need
of Japanese buyers.
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 02:09
My pick is E.
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 02:29
IMO B

I also chose E first but it seems too strong- "Only If" seems incorrect in option E.
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 03:55
I go with E
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 04:19
IMO answer is B

using negation: If the Japanese drive on the left side of the road,
then they ARE inclined to buy cars with left-side
steering wheels............obviously doesnt make sense if this is true. Therefore the assumption made is that If the Japanese drive on the left side of the road,
then they are not inclined to buy cars with left-side
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 06:12
+1 B
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 19:55
I marked B ... What is the OA ?
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2011, 00:10
Conclusion: Therefore, one obstacle to reducing the automotive trade imbalance will be removed if North American manufacturers simply produce more cars with right-side steering wheels.

Let's negate choice B
B) If the Japanese drive on the left side of the road, then they are inclined to buy cars with left-side steering wheels. => North America manufacturer do not need to change the design to sell well its cars in Japan. So, weaken the argument. Here is the assumption of argument.
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2011, 07:01
GloriousResolve wrote:
Columnist:
Over the last 20 years the demand in North
America for Japanese-made automobiles has
increased, whereas the Japanese demand for North
American-made automobiles has been stagnant.
Until recently, this imbalance could plausibly be
attributed to Japanese models’ superior fuel
efficiency und reliability, but now cars made in
North America are by these standards the equal of
any Japanese model. What North American
exporters continue to ignore is that the Japanese
drive on the left side of the road. Therefore, one
obstacle to reducing the automotive trade
imbalance will be removed if North American
manufacturers simply produce more cars with
right-side steering wheels.

Which one of the following is an assumption
required by the columnist's argument?


A) The fuel efficiency and reliability of cars made in
North America will continue to increase.

B) If the Japanese drive on the left side of the road,
then they are not inclined to buy cars with left-side
steering wheels.

C) Japanese automotive safety standards require that
all new domestic automobiles have right-side
steering wheels.

D) Given a choice between similar Japanese and
North American models, all with right-side
steering wheels, most Japanese would choose
the North American model.

E) The automotive trade imbalance can be lessened
only if North American manufacturers produce
automobiles that more effectively meet the need
of Japanese buyers.


I go with E. negation test here works as follows: if trade imbalance has some other causes, then it will not be removed even though manufacturers produce more automobiles that meet the needs. The conclusion from the argument collapsed because the argument says the imbalance will be removed if manufacturers take this method. So E is right.

BTW. What's the OA?
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2011, 07:07
Oh, no. Seems I change my mind. The argument says "one obstacle will be removed", not that the only obstacle is..., so I go with B

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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2011, 07:42
whats wrong with D ??? it can also be the assumption !!
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2011, 07:58
IMO - E. Here is why.

1. Demand for NA models was low because of low fuel economy and reliability. This was the primary hindrance earlier.
2. Efficiency and reliability has improved to match the levels of Jap models.
3. Demand still low.

Quote:
North American exporters continue to ignore is that the Japanese drive on the left side of the road


NA exporters didn't meet the need before and now continue not to meet the need. If the need is fulfilled, the sales will go up. What if the cause of low sales is not meeting the need, but somewhere else. This would negate the conclusion that meeting all the needs of Jap drivers will drive up sales of NA cars.
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2011, 04:15
I will go with B. E is not correct because it says that the "only" way to reduce trade imbalance is...........According to the argument, we can not say that making right side steering cars is the only way to reduce imbalance.

What is the OA please?
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2011, 14:09
Vote for B

assum

(inc NA car supply to Jap) to reduce auto trade imbalance - NA car be right hand drive
==================================
- last 20 yrs - NA demand < Jap car
BUT Jap demand - NA car consistent
- JAP car good in Fuel eff and reliab
BUT now NA car are as JAP car

- JAP has right hand drive (left side of road)



A - IRR
B - Yes support the conclusion
C - out of scope
D - Open discussion - not such fact mentioned
E - out of scope
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2011, 16:04
The OA is B.
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2011, 00:49
IMO D. why ?
the argument concludes that "imbalance will be removed if North American manufacturers simply produce more cars withright-side steering wheels".
And the question ask for the assumption to fullfill the gap. IMO it assume that the there is no other factor associated for the imbalance other than making the neccesary change in the car manufacturing and a particular group of customers are equally willing to buy those cars. pls correct me if am wrong.
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Re: North American and Japanese automobiles [#permalink] New post 01 Dec 2011, 20:57
imo b
Re: North American and Japanese automobiles   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2011, 20:57
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