Here's the OE..does'nt make any sense to me 'cos for SC i rely on Verbal gurus like you..Its too much verbal-technical if you know what i mean!I prefer explanation in simpler terms..tell you what..you understand from this and then make ME understand:)Kudos for the trouble!!
Verb form; Diction
Because Neanderthals “disappeared,” the verb
describing their apparent abilities cannot be
present tense, so as equipped must be changed to to
have been equipped. Th e expression equipped to face
is clearer and more direct than equipped for facing.
A As equipped indicates that Neanderthals still
appear this way; equipped should be followed
by an infi nitive form instead of a
B Correct. Th e verb tense clearly indicates
that the current evidence is about
Neanderthals in the past.
C As equipped does not indicate that
Neanderthals appeared this way in the past;
while individual Neanderthals may well
have followed diff erent paths, this sentence
is about the single evolutionary path taken
by Neanderthals as a species.
D Present-tense appear is needed to parallel
present-tense indicates and to reinforce that
this is current evidence about Neanderthals
in the past; as in C, paths should be singular.
E For facing is an incorrect substitution of a
prepositional phrase for an infi nitive.
Th e correct answer is B.