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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2009, 22:46
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A
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45% (01:53) correct 55% (01:07) wrong based on 1080 sessions
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 27 May 2013, 14:40, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2013, 11:14
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hi all,

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

some theory first

use of as
1. for comparison: ex: Amy takes care of the children in the day care as a mother does.

2. for simultaneous action: ex: As I was traveling in the subway, I noticed attended bags underneath the seat.

3. for giving reason: ex: Mary has substituted green tea for coffee as she wants to cut down her caffeine consumption.

4. for presenting role or function: ex: As an elder sister, Emma takes care of her siblings very well.

now coming to the question

Now as we read the sentence we cant find any: comparison,simultaneous action,reason,or presenting any role.

so the use of "as" is wrong here.

therefore option A, C, D are out.

now we have B and E.

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

OPTION E has 2 errors:

firstly:
appeared to have been equipped=====> use of appeared changes the meaning ...it means they appeared in the past but the context of the sentence is in present tense...

secondly:
for facing is unidiomatic.

more to share:

the use "have been" after "TO"...doesnt means it is in present perfect "......it is no longer a verb and now its an infinitive so it is talking about the past.

hope it helps.

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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2009, 04:32
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BMindful wrote:
IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".


MindFul,
Your interpretation of appear/appeared seems to be wrong. It is now that Neanderthals 'appear' equipped, it is not that they appeared quipped. In the Paleolithic age, Neanderthals were either equipped or not equipped to face the circumstances and apparently they weren't as they disappeared.

The tone of the sentence is in present tense as hence it should be appear and not appeared.

I hope I am clear. Guys please comment as well.
cheers.
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2009, 22:57
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As …as is idiom; and Choice A, C and D are out for the same reason

As for choice B the verb “appear” has invisible object “us” (appear to whom). As we are talking “the Neanderthals” in the present context. A present verb is required. Hence the correct answer
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2009, 17:02
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The issue here is with 'appear as equipped to ..... ' . 'Appear as' indicates comparison but there's nothing to compare to in the sentence. So option B corrects that by using the correct usage of 'appear to have been equipped .....'. Hope this helps.
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2009, 22:52
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IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2011, 17:40
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I think its B..
Just checked OG 12..the OA is also B..

Here is the explanation

A As equipped indicates that Neanderthals still
appear this way; equipped should be followed
by an infi nitive form instead of a
prepositional phrase.


B Correct. The verb tense clearly indicates
that the current evidence is about
Neanderthals in the past.

C As equipped does not indicate that
Neanderthals appeared this way in the past;
while individual Neanderthals may well
have followed diff erent paths, this sentence
is about the single evolutionary path taken
by Neanderthals as a species.


D Present-tense appear is needed to parallel
present-tense indicates and to reinforce that
this is current evidence about Neanderthals
in the past; as in C, paths should be singular
.

E For facing is an incorrect substitution of a
prepositional phrase for an infinitive.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2013, 03:20
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honchos wrote:
OA is B, Can some faculty explain why it is appear not appeared, I am getting Confused.


Hi Honchos,

Let me see if I can help.

To state the obvious.

appear = present tense
appeared = past tense

Now which is correct here?

We are looking NOW at something that happened in the past.

So therefore, you need present tense. It 'appear(s)' to us NOW that something happened in the past.

Hope that helps.

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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2009, 11:05
IMO D.

Past tense needed, so "appeared as" is fine. Moreover, "equipped to" is less wordier than "equipped for facing"
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2009, 17:25
I think it should be B, agree with pleonasm's reasoning. OA?
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2009, 04:24
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path
, but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the
environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?


C and D are out of reckoning as it should be path rather than paths ( we don't require plural of path).
E is obviously wrong as it uses the wrong tense of appear and also it is not parallel.
Choice boils down between A and B. Since 'appear as equipped' is not correct, it changes the meaning of the phrase, so B is the correct one.(IMO).
What is the OA anyway?
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2009, 13:29
rathoreaditya81 wrote:
BMindful wrote:
IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".


MindFul,
Your interpretation of appear/appeared seems to be wrong. It is now that Neanderthals 'appear' equipped, it is not that they appeared quipped. In the Paleolithic age, Neanderthals were either equipped or not equipped to face the circumstances and apparently they weren't as they disappeared.

The tone of the sentence is in present tense as hence it should be appear and not appeared.

I hope I am clear. Guys please comment as well.
cheers.


Thanks rathoreaditya81 for explanation (+1)

The OA is B
more explanation: http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-12-q-73-t38806.html
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2009, 21:16
No problem mate..
Cheers :)
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2011, 05:38
Good question - appear to have been equipped.. B
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 06 Jun 2011, 21:09
B is the correct answer.

Guys, you can also eliminate C and D because they have plural noun "paths" but a singular "obstacle"
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2011, 15:22
"To face" is a better construction than "for facing"...Infinitive construction is more apt here than the gerund construction.
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2011, 07:34
A, C and D are out for not using correct idiom as........as.
The verb "indicates" implies appeared should be in present tense appear. so D and E are out.

Thus Ans. is B.

Is any other good explanation? Please share.
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2011, 19:15
Eliminate A and E as they have incorrect idiom (for facing. The correct idiom is "to face an obstacle").

For C and E, again incorrect usage of "as equipped". As equipped as..what/whom? Hence B remains.
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2011, 21:22
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path
, but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the
environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?


apart from appear to vs appear as, it requires continuous tense as well !
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Re: OG 12 question [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2011, 05:51
Eliminating others I can reach B. But I am still NOT convinced why B is the absolute right answer.

How can you talk about something in past as if it were in present? Rest aside, I have problem accepting "... Neanderthals appear to have been equipped ..." as the right tense.

I would guess the absolute right solution should be: "... Neanderthals appeared to had been equipped ....", NO?

Could experts here kindly explain if I am missing something?
Re: OG 12 question   [#permalink] 11 Jul 2011, 05:51
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