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Command subjenctive

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Command subjenctive [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2012, 01:20
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Hi all

Just putting a shout out to see if anyone can help me. I haven’t really got a great grasp of the command subjunctive. If someone could explain what it is and how to use it, I’d be very grateful.

Skientist
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Re: Command subjenctive [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2012, 02:16
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Re: Command subjenctive [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2012, 08:03
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@ Skientist
Hi,
See if this can be of some use.

The Command Subjunctive

Subjunctive mood sentences are somewhat unusual in that they do not follow normal rules of grammar related to subject-verb and tense usage. The indicative mood indicates something is true. However, the subjunctive mood indicates a desire, intention, command, recommendation request, resolution, or advice. It is also used along with such words as advisable, better, desirable, and directive, essential, fitting, imperative, important, necessary, urge urgent and vital.

There are subjunctive mood uses in the present tense and the past tense. In the present subjunctive, the verb is always in the singular and present tense, even if the subject is plural and the tense is past or future. Sentences in which one would use such verbs as is, are, was, were or will be , should use the root verb - be -, in the case of the subjunctive mood.

Take Away: Command subjunctive entails the following core aspects.

1. There should be an element of mandatoriness, desire or bossism in the con txt.
2. The idiom here is either ; x commanded y that y do z or x commanded that y do z
3. You might see that the connector ‘that “is an essential part of the command subjunctive.
4. The verb of the relative clause or the subordinate clause is always in the base form, irrespective of whether the subject so plural or singular or the tense is past, present or future

Some examples of command subjunctive

1. Wrong: The students are demanding that a volley-ball ground should be laid at the hostel campus
.Correct: The students are demanding that a volley-ball ground be laid at the hostel campus

2. Incorrect: The public desires that FDI in retail has to be allowed in the country.
Correct: The public desires that FDI in retail be allowed in the country

3. Incorrect: The Supreme Court directed that the defiant state to give a minimum of 10000 cusecs of water to the neighboring state per day
Correct The Supreme court directed that the defiant state give a minimum of 10000 cusecs of water to the neighboring state per day

4. Incorrect: Tom and Dick ordered that Jack and Jill have to go up the hill at least five times day
Correct: Tom and Dick ordered that Jack and Jill go up the hill at least five times a day

5. Incorrect: In a quid pro quo, some of the parties supported the Government on condition that the cases against them may not be pursued by the CBI
Correct: In a quid pro quo, some of the parties supported the Government on condition that the cases against them not be pursued by the CBI


Some real GMAT examples


1. Judicial rules in many states require that the identities of all prosecution witnesses are made known to defendants so they can attempt to rebut the testimony, but the Constitution explicitly requires only that the defendant have the opportunity to confront an accuser in court.

(A) That the identities of all prosecution witnesses are made known to defendants so they can attempt to rebut
(B) That the identities of all prosecution witnesses be made known to defendants so that they can attempt to rebut
(C) That the defendants should know the identities of all prosecution witnesses so they can attempt a rebuttal of
(D) The identities of all prosecution witnesses should be made known to defendants so they can attempt rebutting
(E) Making known to defendants the identities of all prosecution witnesses so that they can attempt to rebut

2. Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

(A) To be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with
(B) Being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with
(C) Being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to
(D) Being tested for chemically induced damage is to be compared to
(E) that is to be tested for chemically induced damage is to be comparable with

3. Catherine MacKinnon has suggested, even demanded, that tort laws should be reformed to protect women with claims of harassment against men with whom they have no contractual relationship.

a) should be reformed to protect women with claims of harassment against men with whom they have no contractual relationship
b) should reform to protect women with claims of harassment against men with whom they are not legally married
c) reform so as to protect women with claims of harassment against men with whom they have no contractual relationship
d) be reformed to protect women with claims of harassment against men with whom they have no contractual relationship
e) be reformed in order to protect women with claims against men with whom they have no contractual relationship of harassment

4. Several financial officers of the company spoke on condition that they not be named in the press reports.

A. that they not be named
B. that their names will not be used
C. that their names are not used
D. of not having their names
E. of not naming them


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Answers:1B, 2A, 3D, 4A

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Re: Command subjenctive   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2012, 08:03
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