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# Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality

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Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality [#permalink]  03 Oct 2012, 00:47
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99% (01:59) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 7 sessions
Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality of education in that country will not improve. Thus, it will surely deteriorate.
The flawed reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to that in the commentator’s argument?

(A) Because Raoul is a vegetarian, he will not have the pepperoni pizza for lunch. It follows that he will have the cheese pizza.
(B) Given that over 250 years of attempts to prove the Goldbach conjecture have failed, it will probably never be proved. Hence, it is more likely to be disproved than proved.
(C) Since funding levels for social programs are being frozen, our society will not become more harmonious. Thus, it may become more discordant.
(D) Since there is a storm moving in, the outside temperature cannot rise this afternoon. Therefore, it must fall.
(E) The starter in Mary’s car gave out weeks ago, and so it is impossible for the car to start. Therefore, it will not start
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Re: Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes [#permalink]  03 Oct 2012, 00:56
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getgyan wrote:
Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality of education in that country will not improve. Thus, it will surely deteriorate.
The flawed reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to that in the commentator’s argument?

(A) Because Raoul is a vegetarian, he will not have the pepperoni pizza for lunch. It follows that he will have the cheese pizza.
(B) Given that over 250 years of attempts to prove the Goldbach conjecture have failed, it will probably never be proved. Hence, it is more likely to be disproved than proved.
(C) Since funding levels for social programs are being frozen, our society will not become more harmonious. Thus, it may become more discordant.
(D) Since there is a storm moving in, the outside temperature cannot rise this afternoon. Therefore, it must fall.
(E) The starter in Mary’s car gave out weeks ago, and so it is impossible for the car to start. Therefore, it will not start

The best approach to solve such similar reasoning problems is to go for the tone.

The FLAWED logic here is : if something doesnt improve it will surely fall.

The only options having this logic is C and D

but C says it may become , which is not the case in the argument. Therefore D must be the answer where it uses "must"
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Re: Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes [#permalink]  03 Oct 2012, 02:00
Between C and D. to me still C looks appropriate as the line of reasoning is similar.

Teacher:education No teacher:no education
Social programs :Harmonious society No social Program:Not harmonious society
Storm: Temperature somewhat vague.
Correct me if my reasoning is wrong.
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Re: Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes [#permalink]  03 Oct 2012, 06:12
I would go with A.

Commentator says that if X happens, for sure Y would happen too (but Y could happen or not!)

It´s exactly the same on answer A: Since he´ll not have pepperoni pizza, he will have cheese pizza (but he could have cheese pizza or not - he could have pasta for example)

Does anybody have the correct answer?
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Re: Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality [#permalink]  06 Oct 2012, 08:22
i just cannot differ out between choices B ,C, and D

all these three state the same anology to the question.
pls explain in detail...
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Re: Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality [#permalink]  06 Oct 2012, 10:45
1
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getgyan wrote:
Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality of education in that country will not improve. Thus, it will surely deteriorate.
The flawed reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to that in the commentator’s argument?

(A) Because Raoul is a vegetarian, he will not have the pepperoni pizza for lunch. It follows that he will have the cheese pizza.
(B) Given that over 250 years of attempts to prove the Goldbach conjecture have failed, it will probably never be proved. Hence, it is more likely to be disproved than proved.
(C) Since funding levels for social programs are being frozen, our society will not become more harmonious. Thus, it may become more discordant.
(D) Since there is a storm moving in, the outside temperature cannot rise this afternoon. Therefore, it must fall.
(E) The starter in Mary’s car gave out weeks ago, and so it is impossible for the car to start. Therefore, it will not start

The structure of the argument is as follows:
Because of X, Y will not happen. Hence opposite of Y will happen

A) Incorrect - Because Raoul is a vegetarian, he will not have the pepperoni pizza for lunch. It follows that he will have the cheese pizza. Cheese pizza is not the opposite of pepperoni pizza. Infact, there is no logical opposite.

B) Incorrect - Given that over 250 years of attempts to prove the Goldbach conjecture have failed, it will probably never be proved. Hence, it is more likely to be disproved than proved. It adds probably to the argument (Uncertain). While the original structure states surely (will).

C) Incorrect - Since funding levels for social programs are being frozen, our society will not become more harmonious. Thus, it may become more discordant. Similar to option B, it adds the word 'may', hence uncertain.

D) Correct - Since there is a storm moving in, the outside temperature cannot rise this afternoon. Therefore, it must fall. Because of X, Y will not (cannot) happen. Hence opposite of Y will (must) happen

E) Incorrect - The starter in Mary’s car gave out weeks ago, and so it is impossible for the car to start. Therefore, it will not start. The 2 conjectures are the same. Car will not (impossible) start, hence car will not start.

Hope this clarifies?
Re: Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2012, 10:45
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# Commentator: Because of teacher hiring freezes, the quality

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