Commentator: In academic scholarship, sources are always cited, and methodology and theoretical assumptions are set out, so as to allow critical study, replication, and expansion of scholarship. In open-source software, the code in which the program is written can be viewed and modified by individual users for their purposes without getting permission from the producer or paying a fee. In contrast, the code of proprietary software is kept secret, and modifications can be made only by the producer, for a fee. This shows that open-source software better matches the values embodied in academic scholarship, and since scholarship is central to the mission of universities, universities should use only open-source software.
The commentator’s reasoning most closely conforms to
which one of the following principles?
(A) Whatever software tools are most advanced and
can achieve the goals of academic scholarship
are the ones that should alone be used in
(B) Universities should use the type of software
technology that is least expensive, as long as
that type of software technology is adequate
for the purposes of academic scholarship.
(C) Universities should choose the type of software
technology that best matches the values
embodied in the activities that are central to
the mission of universities.
(D) The form of software technology that best
matches the values embodied in the activities
that are central to the mission of universities is
the form of software technology that is most
efficient for universities to use.
(E) A university should not pursue any activity that
would block the achievement of the goals of
academic scholarship at that university.
"When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you’ll be successful.” - Eric Thomas