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Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the

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Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2012, 21:25
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Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises.
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by getgyan on 09 Oct 2012, 01:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2012, 22:08
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getgyan wrote:
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises.
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.



This is weird problem What's the source?

1st the easy eliminations ->

B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises.

it cant refer to Companies, investors and governments - Bye bye B

C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.

as well as cannot be replace COMMA or AND ; also the correct Idiom is Defend against not defend from - KILL C

D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.

these cannot be used as a pronoun - "these" are mostly used as an adjective for example these cars, these trees etc

Now between A and E

A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.

E changes the meaning of the sentence saying that it's not the Companies, investors, and governments are defending economic crises - it's some1 else who is doing it,as the sentence is written in passive voice. This is not the intent of the sentence and original says Companies, investors, and governments are fighting it.

Now on to A -> A is all OK, you might think "they" is ambiguous but "they" clearly refers to " companies, investors, and governments " For example

Tanya and Zeba will to the party, if they hear back from their dates. Similar construction is followed in A!

Pls do write back if you have any questions!
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 03:37
Expert's post
getgyan wrote:
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises.
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.


Item in a list construction is "A, B and C"
This is violated in B and C. Eliminated. B also has a "it" issue.
D apparently is correct but "they" is a much clearer pronoun for the enitites rather than "these". "these" is a demonstrative pronoun which is mostly used for phrases like "these clubs", "these cars" et al.
E. The defence of future economic crises is not happening magically out of thin air. The companies, investors and the govt must make it happen. E avoids the intention. Hence incorrect. I could post 2 amazing OG 13 Very hard question based on this intent part!

A is correct!
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 03:41
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Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of

Try this one!
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 04:30
Expert's post
Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt-------- the main clause is in past tense, the sub-clause at the end is in future past; but only the prepositional phrase is in simple future, thus flaunting a discordant shift of tense.


(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of -- by the joint adoption is unidiomatic

(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting--- best choice; jointly adopting now properly modifies plans to impose new controls

(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting ---- for imposing is unidiomatic; jointly adopting should modify the new plans, rather than being another independent factor]

(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of – for imposing is unidiomatic; bus engine pollution in the joint adoption is jarring’ it should at least be engines’ pollution
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 04:36
souvik101990 wrote:
Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of

Try this one!


This is gotta be C because

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
IN that is wrong - In that used for limiting statements; but the sentence is showing how these states are imposing pollution control

(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
states are not placing control on truck; they are placing controls from both pollution from truck and bus engines

(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
CORRECT

(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
For imposing is not OK; to show the intent "to +verb" works well

(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of
For imposing is not OK; to show the intent "to +verb" works well

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 07:25
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 10:47
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Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises. SVA issue
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises. meaning issue
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises. They should be used instead of that
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if future economic crises are to be defended. passive construction
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 20:10
souvik101990 wrote:
Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt emission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.

(A) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
(B) to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
(D) for imposing new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
(E) for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of

Try this one!


Hello,
May I know why B is not proper please?
"On truck and bus engines' pollution" isn t it implying both of them in the way it is written? (Of course, "on BOTH truck and bus engines' pollution" would make it a proper one)
Isn t it redundant to say "on truck engines' pollution and bus engines' pollution"?

Thank you in advance for your appreciated comment

Kind regards

R26

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2013, 07:29
A looks the best. since paralleism is maintained initlalialy and THEY referes back to the plural subject "comapnies, investors .. &" --compound subject
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the [#permalink] New post 01 Feb 2014, 09:12
willisback wrote:
A looks the best. since paralleism is maintained initlalialy and THEY referes back to the plural subject "comapnies, investors .. &" --compound subject


I was trying to pick between A and E but went with E finally cause I though that THEY was ambigouos in A

Could anybody shed some light on when can we consider an indefinite pronoun ambigous and when is it OK to let go a bit and just use common sense?

I believe this is a very thin line that no one has yet been able to clarify

Thanks
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the [#permalink] New post 01 Feb 2014, 10:20
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

incorrect portions are highlighted.....


A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.correct
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation ifit is to defend against future economic crises.
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creationif future economic crises are to be defended...who will defend is not clear....
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2014, 13:19
semwal wrote:
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

incorrect portions are highlighted.....


A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.correct
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation ifit is to defend against future economic crises.
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creationif future economic crises are to be defended...who will defend is not clear....


Is the idiom defend against instead of 'defend from'?

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Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2014, 09:18
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value
creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.


A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding
principles of value creation if they are to defend against future
economic crises.

B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding
principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises.

C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding
principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.

D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of
value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.

E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of
value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.

Last edited by Gnpth on 23 Jun 2014, 07:05, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topic
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2014, 00:14
i selected E in this one : Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of
value creation if future economic crises are to be defended


i ruled out A because i thought "defend against" is redundant just as "compete against" is
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2014, 00:34
In option E, the meaning changes. They have to defend against economic crises as stated in the original sentence.

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2014, 00:34
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