Companies that offer “employer sponsored insurance” (ESI) pay a portion of employees’
health care costs. In the manufacturing sector last year, companies that offered ESI had
worker absentee rates 22% lower, on average, than those at companies that did not offer ESI.
If, on the basis of the evidence above, it is argued that ESI decreases worker absenteeism,
which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken that argument?
A) Results similar to those cited for the manufacturing sector have been found in other sectors
of the economy where ESI is offered.
b) At companies that offer ESI, employees have access to preventative health care such as
regular check-ups, routine laboratory tests, and nutrition counseling.
c) Because initiating an ESI plan requires a lot of paperwork for the company, employees, and
the insurance provider, doing so is complex and time-consuming.
d) Many firms in the manufacturing sector have improved workplace safety and decreased the
occurrence of on-the-job injuries in the last five years, and most of these companies
introduced ESI at the same time.
e) In manufacturing firms where ESI is offered, the average productivity is 2% higher than it is
in those firms where workers are not covered by an ESI plan.
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