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# Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western

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Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western [#permalink]

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08 May 2009, 07:40
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Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms gradually caused farmers in Pennsylvania to turn to livestock raising, but before that it was predominantly grain-producing.

A. Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms gradually caused farmers in Pennsylvania to turn to livestock raising, but before that it was predominantly grain-producing.
B. Once predominantly a grain-producing state, competition in the mid-nineteenth century from large western farms gradually was causing Pennsylvania’s farmers to turn to livestock raising.
C. Pennsylvania’s farmers were gradually caused to turn to livestock raising by competition from large western farms in the mid-nineteenth century, but before that it was predominantly a grain-producing state.
D. It was once predominantly grain-producing, but competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms was gradually causing Pennsylvania’s farmers to turn to livestock raising.
E. Pennsylvania was once a predominantly grain-producing state, but competition in the mid-nineteenth century from large western farms gradually caused the state’s farmers to turn to livestock raising.
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Re: SC - Pennsylvania farmers [#permalink]

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08 May 2009, 08:02
IMO E

Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms gradually caused farmers in Pennsylvania to turn to livestock raising, but before that it was predominantly grain-producing.

A. Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms gradually caused farmers in Pennsylvania to turn to livestock raising, but before that it was predominantly grain-producing --> it is not clearly modifies for which Noun
B. Once predominantly a grain-producing state, competition in the mid-nineteenth century from large western farms gradually was causing Pennsylvania’s farmers to turn to livestock raising -->dangling: competition cannot once be a grain-producing state
C. Pennsylvania’s farmers were gradually caused to turn to livestock raising by competition from large western farms in the mid-nineteenth century, but before that it was predominantly a grain-producing state -->same error as (A)
D. It was once predominantly grain-producing, but competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western farms was gradually causing Pennsylvania’s farmers to turn to livestock raising -->it here wrongly modifies for competition, because competition can't be a grain-producing
E. Pennsylvania was once a predominantly grain-producing state, but competition in the mid-nineteenth century from large western farms gradually caused the state’s farmers to turn to livestock raising -->best. precise meaning and structure
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Re: SC - Pennsylvania farmers [#permalink]

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08 May 2009, 08:54
thanks! OA is E
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Re: SC - Pennsylvania farmers [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2009, 13:58
E

The runner up would be A, but "it" has no clear referrant.
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Re: SC - Pennsylvania farmers [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2009, 17:46
mendelay wrote:
The runner up would be A, but "it" has no clear referrant.
E

The runner up would be A, but "it" has no clear referrant.

Well tried.....but in GMAT,there is no runner up.
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Re: SC - Pennsylvania farmers [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2009, 14:22
E is the only correct. I'll go for E.
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Re: SC - Pennsylvania farmers [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2009, 03:28
I am stuck between A and E... please explain how A is wrong.
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Re: Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2012, 12:55
Clearly E. All others are wrong because of lack of referents to the pronoun or because of faulty parallelism.
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Re: Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2012, 02:35
+1 for E, all others have modifier misplaced problem.
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Re: Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2015, 21:35
this question test: proun + meaning.

Pronoun "it" does not have any logical ancestors in choice A, C, and D. that leave choice B and E
the use of "Once predominantly a grain-producing state" to modify "cmpetition in neighteen centuries" is nonsense. Hence, choice B is out
Leave choice E.

E is correct answer.
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Re: Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2015, 12:48
Split 1:- Improper modification
Eliminate B (Once .... state modifies competition)
Eliminate D

Split 2:- Incomplete clause
Eliminate A ( predominantly grain-producing --> should include state to complete the clause)

Split 3:- Wrong antecedent
Eliminate C. While the sentence talk about Pennsylvania's farmer the contrast clause uses it instead of them. There is one more error that the contrast clause (but ....) is modifying Pennsylvania as it specifies state in the end while we are talking about Pennsylvania's farmer.

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Re: Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2016, 00:33
I'm confused as to why A is wrong? Why can't the pronoun "it" refer to Pennsylvania?
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Re: Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 10:45
geek_mnnit wrote:
I'm confused as to why A is wrong? Why can't the pronoun "it" refer to Pennsylvania?

It can refer to either Competition or Pennsylvania.

Hence, pronoun ambiguity error.
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Re: Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2016, 10:45
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# Competition in the mid-nineteenth century by large western

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