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Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially

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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2011, 18:40
gb8 wrote:
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and


Could somebody please please explain me why BEGAN is correct? Doesn't this need HAD BEGUN?

Seems to me like the reason why C is correct is because it is the "best" of the available choices, and there is NO HAD BEGUN in any of the option, CORRECT? Somebody please explain.
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2011, 23:16
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gb8 wrote:
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and


Could somebody please please explain me why BEGAN is correct? Doesn't this need HAD BEGUN?

Seems to me like the reason why C is correct is because it is the "best" of the available choices, and there is NO HAD BEGUN in any of the option, CORRECT? Somebody please explain.


Actually, it'd unnecessary to use "Had Begun" (Past Perfect) in this scenario and there are reasons:
1. A construction can never finish before it begins. So, we already know the sequence of events.
2. completed a decade later; the word "later" clearly signifies that the event of completion occurred after the beginning of the construction.

Modifiers:
which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater
AND
officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater
Are both correct, with latter more elegant and GMAT style. However, we decide the correctness of the sentence on the basis of these modifiers because they both are correct.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
Let's shorten:
Construction began in A.D. 69 was completed later.
Two discrete events with two verbs "began" and "was" makes the sentence wrong. These verbs must be separated by AND.

B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
"begun in A.D. 69"-- acts as a modifier for Roman Colosseum; Roman Colosseum begun in AD 69: what does this mean?


Construction during the reign of Vespasian was completed a decade later: decade later of what.
Bad.

C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
Correct.
Construction began in A.D. 69 and was completed a decade later.
Construction had begun in A.D. 69 and completed a decade later. Guess this is correct as well.

D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
Same error as B's. Roman Colosseum begun in AD 69.

E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
", and" -- demands a clause when the later part is a phrase
"was completed a decade later"-- No subject.
Roman Colosseum was begun in AD 69.
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 04:34
Nice explanation.. Thanks Fluke.. :)
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 04:56
+1 for C
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 05:08
Good Explanation
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2011, 19:15
+1 for C.

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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2011, 20:16
Going with "C" also. Began is definitely correct in this context even though we are discussing a past event.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2012, 11:53
verbs began and was completed are parallel to each other. Why do we really need to switch voice from active (began) to passive (was completed). Plus someone has to begin the construction so why is active voice justified for began instead why not 'was began' and 'was completed' ?
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2012, 11:19
I chose the answer C for this question:

A. This answer choice is missing the conjunction to link the verbs "began" and "was completed." Therefore, this sentence is currently a fragment.

B. The verb "begun" is incorrect - it should be the simple past "began" so that it is parallel to "was completed."

C. This answer is correct. The verb tense is correct and the modifiers make sense.

D. Again, the verb "begun" is incorrect - it needs to be "began."

E. Verb tense "was begun" is incorrect. Also, there should be another verb before the conjunction "and." Otherwise, this sentence is fragment.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 10:11
C in my opinion would be the right fit.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 06 Apr 2012, 08:02
a. conjunction 'and' missing
b. begun is wrong verb form
c. Correct
d. conjunction 'and' missing + begun is wrong verb form
e. begun is wrong verb form
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Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2012, 06:30
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.


A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,

B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it

E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

can an expert please help me vvith this


Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,

during the reign of Vespasian  does this imply that it was completed a decade later
began in A.D. 69.. is this sentence vvrong because there is no AND betvven
began in A.D. 69 ,was completed a decade later


B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Does begun imply it is still continuing
The and is parallel to vvhich verb here



C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Correct:


D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it

Is this vvrong because it is vvrong parelleleim
officially known ……….. and begun


E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Can I considee this as vvrong because it is vvordy

which was begun in A.D. 69
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2012, 10:33
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I think that would be much better to post the question in the classic form and then discuss about it :). So:

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.


A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,

B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it

E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and


So the answer is C because if you cut the fluff you have a clear meaning of the sentence

Construction of the Roman Colosseum.......began in A.D. 69.......AND was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

The other choices do not convey the proper meaning.

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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2012, 03:33
Yah please kindly edit the question and then n another post you can discuss! Thanks..

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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2012, 03:12
Expert's post
Quoting everyone above.
THE TOUCH RULE IS NOT VALID WHEREVER ONE WISHES.
go for #26 OG12.
what I am trying to say is that we must have to look over the sentences, which contain a relative pronoun.
Ex-
The box of nails, which is on the counter, is to be used on this object.
In this case, "which" CANNOT refer to "nails", since the verb "is" is singular. Therefore the nearest eligible noun is box.
For more info:
the-gmat-tends-to-write-sentences-in-which-141100.html

Coming to this question, BDE refer "Construction of Colosseum" to "Flavian Amphitheatre".
Also begun should always be followed by "have".
+1 C
Hope that helps.
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Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2012, 21:11
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

a) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
b) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

c)which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
d) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
e) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Please do explain with a reason why B is wrong over here.
I chose B beco z of the reason that two events are happened in the past so used past perfect.But i dont understand why it is wrong??pls explain
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Re: WANTED TO KNOW WHY option B is wrong over here [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2012, 22:47
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Option C is correct.

a) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, Punctuation issue connecting two verbs with a comma i.e began in ..... and, was completed.... you can't connect it with a comma. You create a run on sentence.

b) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

what is the verb here...begun? no because it is a past participle.... it needs a helping verb...other wise the sentence is a fragment.
c)which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and-correct
d) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it- here the modifier implies that construction was known as Flavian Amphitheater because the sentence lacks relative pronoun.
e) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and- same as e

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Re: WANTED TO KNOW WHY option B is wrong over here [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2012, 23:21
skamal7 wrote:
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

a) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
b) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

c)which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
d) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
e) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Please do explain with a reason why B is wrong over here.
I chose B beco z of the reason that two events are happened in the past so used past perfect.But i dont understand why it is wrong??pls explain


C. Need conjunction "and" to make the sense of the sentence.


Need modifier "which" to clearly modify Amphitheater". B lacks the modifier.
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Re: WANTED TO KNOW WHY option B is wrong over here [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2012, 23:40
B is wrong because "begun" as a verb cannot stand alone (without a helping verb). "Began" stands alone. I would expect "was begun" in this context.

Without a helping verb, "begun" is a past particple, and that means the sentence has no verb.

Refer to davidfrank's post above for more detail.
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Re: WANTED TO KNOW WHY option B is wrong over here [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2012, 00:16
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Hii NonYankee.
Can you elaborate on one issue here?
"Contruction of the Roman Colosseum" intoduces a prepositional phrase here-"the Roman Colosseum". Since the prepositional phrase can't contain the subject, then how can "which" refer to "Roman Colosseum"?
Thanks in advance .
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Re: WANTED TO KNOW WHY option B is wrong over here   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2012, 00:16
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