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Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially

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 [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2006, 20:38
Torn between A & C, still don't understand why 'and' is needed. What are the 2 independent clauses in ths sentence?
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2006, 20:47
C for the use of 'began' and the proper use of 'and'
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Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2007, 13:10
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2007, 14:37
should be C

which is necessary not to refer to construction and the "and" at the end is necessary
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Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 01:38
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

(A) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
(B) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
(C) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
(D) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
(E) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

The official answer is given C, but IMO the relative pronoun ‘which’ is modifying the subject of the noun phrase i.e ‘construction’ and in that case it is said that the ‘construction’ was officially known as the ‘Flavian amphitheater’.
Can anyone suggest whether my thinking is correct.
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Re: relative pronoun problem !!!! [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 01:52
C
by looking at the underlined portion we can say it requires "and" to fit with "was completed.."
A and D eliminated.
begun is inappropriate...so B and E eliminated
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Last edited by vinzycoolfire on 18 Jan 2011, 02:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: relative pronoun problem !!!! [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 02:09
thanks zuberahmed for the explanation, but can u explain where relative pronouns are necessary and where they are not??
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Re: relative pronoun problem !!!! [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 03:07
Thanks lot for the clarification.

Can you look into the below example and let me know what is your take on this-

Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected.

Notice that ‘which’ is taking the place of the phrase ‘DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM’ that is used as as OBJECT of the preceding main clause. Notice that ‘which’ takes the place of the phrase ‘destruction of Jerusalem’, not ‘Jerusalem’ that is used as the object of the prepositional phrase ‘destruction of Jerusalem’ which is used as the complement of the noun ‘portent’.

(I got this note from one of the GMATCLUB forum discussion)
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Re: relative pronoun problem !!!! [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 03:57
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Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected.

This is not an acceptable version. Since the Relative pro noun can’t logically refer to Jerusalem, we are left in the lurch. It can mean anything from comet to portent to destruction. The right version could be

“Astrologers saw the comet as a portent pf Jerusalem’s destruction, which happened as expected.”

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Re: relative pronoun problem !!!! [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 05:44
daagh wrote:
Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected.

This is not an acceptable version. Since the Relative pro noun can’t logically refer to Jerusalem, we are left in the lurch. It can mean anything from comet to portent to destruction. The right version could be

“Astrologers saw the comet as a portent Jerusalem’s destruction, which happened as expected.”


So this means that a relative pronoun will always modify the noun that placed next to it and this rule is applicable always (even in the case of a noun phrase. for example - I repaired the handle of the door, which I broke yesterday. or this is also an unacceptable sentence, it should be - I repaired the door's handle, which I broke yesterday.)
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Re: relative pronoun problem !!!! [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2011, 00:05
Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected

OF JERUSALEM : A perpositional modifier. These types of modifiers are essential modifiers.

which happened as expected : A relative clause starting with 'which'. A non essential modifiers.

If you look at the sentence both the modifiers are modifying DESTRUCTION. But the essential modifiers is placed close to the Noun and the non essential modifier follows it.
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2011, 18:40
gb8 wrote:
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and


Could somebody please please explain me why BEGAN is correct? Doesn't this need HAD BEGUN?

Seems to me like the reason why C is correct is because it is the "best" of the available choices, and there is NO HAD BEGUN in any of the option, CORRECT? Somebody please explain.
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 04:34
Nice explanation.. Thanks Fluke.. :)
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 04:56
+1 for C
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2011, 05:08
Good Explanation
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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2011, 19:15
+1 for C.

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Re: Roman Colosseum [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2011, 20:16
Going with "C" also. Began is definitely correct in this context even though we are discussing a past event.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2012, 11:53
verbs began and was completed are parallel to each other. Why do we really need to switch voice from active (began) to passive (was completed). Plus someone has to begin the construction so why is active voice justified for began instead why not 'was began' and 'was completed' ?
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2012, 11:19
I chose the answer C for this question:

A. This answer choice is missing the conjunction to link the verbs "began" and "was completed." Therefore, this sentence is currently a fragment.

B. The verb "begun" is incorrect - it should be the simple past "began" so that it is parallel to "was completed."

C. This answer is correct. The verb tense is correct and the modifiers make sense.

D. Again, the verb "begun" is incorrect - it needs to be "began."

E. Verb tense "was begun" is incorrect. Also, there should be another verb before the conjunction "and." Otherwise, this sentence is fragment.
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Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 10:11
C in my opinion would be the right fit.
Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was offi cially   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2012, 10:11
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