Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 24 Jul 2016, 18:21
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Apr 2003
Posts: 179
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 27 [1] , given: 0

Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Nov 2003, 13:30
1
This post received
KUDOS
14
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (02:14) correct 53% (01:22) wrong based on 1162 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.
(A) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning
(B) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of
(C) increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from the combustion of
(D) carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase from burning
(E) atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from burning





Please explain the differnece between "as a result of Ving" and "result from"?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 19 Sep 2013, 23:00, edited 1 time in total.
OA added & Tagged
10 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 May 2014
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 52 [10] , given: 2

Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2014, 12:56
10
This post received
KUDOS
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
jlgdr wrote:
Alternative OE needed here, not one of the posts clearly explains this question. What the hell is atmospheric carbon dioxide anyways?

Cheers!
J :)




Hi jlgdr,


• Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be
o that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe
 by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.


MEANING

• The sentence states something in contrast to the earlier hypotheses. It says:
• It is possible that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide would cool the globe.
o This increase in the atmospheric carbon dioxide resulted from the burning of fossil fuels.
• How can it cool the globe? - by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.

So, now we know what the author wants to convey through the original sentence. Let’s look at the options one by one and find out the errors, if there are any:


OPTION A: Incorrect

‘…increased carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels…’:
Let’s consider a simple example:

India, as a result of win over Australia, moved into the semi-finals.
In this sentence, the action of India moving into the semi-finals happened as a result of India’s win over Australia.
Similarly, option A indicates that the atmospheric carbon dioxide would cool the globe as a result of the burning fossil fuels. This meaning is illogical. The possibility is that the increased atmospheric carbon dioxide would cool the globe.


OPTION B: Correct

The verb-ing modifier ‘resulting’ modifies the preceding noun ‘increased atmospheric carbon dioxide’ and tells us about the reason of the increase in the carbon dioxide.


OPTION C: Incorrect

The result of the combustion of fossil fuels is ‘increased atmospheric carbon dioxide’ not ‘increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere’.
‘Increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere’ is wordy in comparison to ‘increased atmospheric carbon dioxide’.

OPTION D: Incorrect

1. Since ‘that’ refers to ‘carbon dioxide’, it is singular. Hence using plural verb ‘increase’ is incorrect.
2. This option states that the carbon dioxide would cool the globe, while the original sentence stated that the increased carbon dioxide would cool the globe. The meaning is changed.

OPTION E: Incorrect

‘…atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from….’ means that the atmospheric carbon dioxide increased something. ‘increased’ is acting as a verb here for the subject ‘that’. It cannot act as a verb-ed modifier because then there would be no verb in the dependent clause starting with ‘that’.


P.S.: ‘atmospheric carbon dioxide’ simply means the carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere.


Hope this helps! :)
Manyu
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 28 Oct 2003
Posts: 501
Location: 55405
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 18 [1] , given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2004, 10:12
1
This post received
KUDOS
chihao has been gone for nearly a month.

I hope he is doing well...
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 968
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 134

Kudos [?]: 566 [1] , given: 12

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2016, 07:48
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
techiesam wrote:
OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.
(A) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning as a result of + noun comes before a consequence, not to describe the cause of the consequence
(B) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of
(C) increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from the combustion of
(D) carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase from burning suggests more than one type of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and should say "increases"
(E) atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from burning suggests more than one type of atmospheric carbon dioxide


There is no doubt that B is the right choice,but the questions needs the student to understand the difference between combustion and burning.Doesn't that require outside knowledge?


The main reason that A is wrong is the usage of "as a result of".

The phrase "as a result of..." cannot directly refer to CO2, but should refer to the formation of CO2 ( either the verb "is formed" directly or the past participle "formed").

The correct construction could be as follows:
"As a result of burning fossile fuels, CO2 is formed." ( adverbial phrase used to refer to the verb "is formed")

Another alternative extension of this usage could be as follows:
Instead of a complete clause, even a past particple "formed" would be acceptable. The structure would then be as follows:
"CO2 formed as a result of burning...."

You are right that people who do not come from mechanical engineering background would not know that combustion is controlled burning. However even for them who consider both these words synonymous, "combustion" would be preferable, since in most cases a concrete noun form is preferred to a gerund form.
CEO
CEO
avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3460
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 818 [0], given: 781

Re: SC [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Nov 2003, 14:09
chihao wrote:
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.
(A) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning
(B) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of
(C) increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from the combustion of
(D) carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase from burning
(E) atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from burning

Please explain the differnece between "as a result of Ving" and "result from"?


little difference in meaning...but there is a difference in how we use it...

1. Y happened resulting from X happening

2. X happened. as a result , y happened

"As a result " is generally "Set off" by a comma in its usage

As a result, the 49ers had to play without their regular quarter back.

The 49ers , as a result, had to play without their regular quarter back.

we cant really use "resulting from" here...

i think here B is the best answer

thanks
praetorian
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Oct 2003
Posts: 261
Location: sydney
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Dec 2003, 06:54
i will choose B.
D and E seem unidiomatic coz they use "from burning"... :roll: never heard.
_________________

When u r about to make ends meet, someone moves the ends.

SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1793
Location: NewJersey USA
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 77 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Dec 2003, 17:18
I think C is the best choice.
"increased carbon dioxide resulting from X" is not correct. It should be "increased level of carbon dioxide resulting from X". Since it is expected that cooling would occur in future we should use present continious sentence. If simple past is used then it should be cooling the globe by now.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 50
Location: Singapore
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2004, 20:18
Think B is the answer.

Dont think that increased CO2, or increased "level" of CO2 makes any diff in the paragraph.

In GMAT, I have seldom seen 2 "-ing" in the same sentence.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 09 Jun 2003
Posts: 187
Location: work chair
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

Re: SC [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2004, 02:51
chihao wrote:
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.
(A) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning
(B) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of
(C) increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from the combustion of
(D) carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase from burning
(E) atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from burning

chihao, are you sleeping? people crave for an answer... :-D
meanwhile, i think, the answer is e. c and d do not fit with would. a and b comparing with e are wordy...
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 29 Aug 2003
Posts: 240
Location: MI
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2004, 09:01
Go with B.

"increased atmospheric carbon dioxide" is the most concise rather than
"carbon dioxide in the atmosphere" - C
"carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase" - D
"atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased "- E

Btwn A and B, "resulting" goes with "would".

Official ans ?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Apr 2003
Posts: 179
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2004, 21:05
Sorry
I had disappeared for a while time.
the official answer is B.
Current Student
User avatar
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 993
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 152

Kudos [?]: 1201 [0], given: 226

Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Mar 2014, 02:30
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.
(A) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning
(B) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of --- increased ACD resulting from the blah blah.. it is not increased ACD resulting from burning fossil fuel -- it is a general fact that burning fossil fuel generate CO2 -- how you can say increased ACD in this context.

(C) increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from the combustion of
(D) carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase from burning
(E) atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from burning (acd that already increased from burning fossil fuel would blah blah )

I think Answer must be E.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos :)
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 2035
Concentration: Finance
GMAT 1: 770 Q0 V
Followers: 51

Kudos [?]: 495 [0], given: 355

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2014, 14:38
Alternative OE needed here, not one of the posts clearly explains this question. What the hell is atmospheric carbon dioxide anyways?

Cheers!
J :)
Current Student
User avatar
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 993
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 152

Kudos [?]: 1201 [0], given: 226

Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2014, 23:47
Thanks Manyu, I totally missed the error explained by you for option E. Really second that is introducing structural error and eating the verb of preceding subject ACD.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos :)
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8748
Followers: 770

Kudos [?]: 156 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 May 2015, 10:09
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Expert Post
Optimus Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 06 Nov 2014
Posts: 1597
Followers: 40

Kudos [?]: 322 [0], given: 20

Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 May 2015, 09:55
Expert's post
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.
(A) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning as a result of + noun comes before a consequence, not to describe the cause of the consequence
(B) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of
(C) increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from the combustion of
(D) carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase from burning suggests more than one type of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and should say "increases"
(E) atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from burning suggests more than one type of atmospheric carbon dioxide
_________________

Janielle Williams

Customer Support

Special Offer: $80-100/hr. Online Private Tutoring
GMAT On Demand Course $299
Free Online Trial Hour

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8748
Followers: 770

Kudos [?]: 156 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jun 2016, 10:12
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 27 Feb 2015
Posts: 30
Concentration: General Management, Economics
GMAT 1: 540 Q V
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 27

GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2016, 05:12
Experts please throw some light on this :-
WHY option A is not correct ?
when should I prefer " resulting from " to " as a result of" ?( with an example, please!)
thanks.
_________________

1st attempt was mock ; 2nd attempt I will rock.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 37
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 53

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2016, 06:19
OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning fossil fuels would cool the globe by reducing the amount of solar energy absorbed by snow.
(A) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide as a result of burning as a result of + noun comes before a consequence, not to describe the cause of the consequence
(B) increased atmospheric carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of
(C) increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from the combustion of
(D) carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that increase from burning suggests more than one type of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and should say "increases"
(E) atmospheric carbon dioxide that increased from burning suggests more than one type of atmospheric carbon dioxide


There is no doubt that B is the right choice,but the questions needs the student to understand the difference between combustion and burning.Doesn't that require outside knowledge?
Re: Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2016, 06:19
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased tarek99 6 09 Jan 2008, 05:42
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased dr908 1 30 Sep 2007, 12:16
3 Experts publish their posts in the topic Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased empty_spaces 17 09 Aug 2007, 13:30
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased leeye84 7 11 May 2007, 12:17
Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased arjsingh1976 8 08 Nov 2006, 00:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Contrary to earlier conjectures, it may be that increased

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.