962. Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it
The OA is A. However, it seems to me that the "it" in A can refer to "scholarly wisdom" or "ethnicity".
Can someone please explain why A is correct.
Consider this - scholarly wisdom predicted that X will be undermined.
Its unlikely that X would refer to scholarly wisdom, meaning a statement of the nature 'scholary wisdom predicted that .... will undermine scholarly wisdom' makes little sense.
It must be something else other than scholarly wisdom, which leaves us with the noun 'ethnicity'.
Hope this helps.