'Such as' is used to provide examples.
"Low humidity, such as that in the Mojave desert, can do...."
In the above fragment, the Mojave desert is provided as a single example of a category of things (all low humidity)
In the sentence as it's written, the temperature extremes that damage books aren't one example from a groups of extremes in temperature. Rather, the extremes that damage book are the ONLY extremes we are concerned with. Therefore, indicating that those extremes are one example from a category with the words 'such as' is illogical and incorrect.
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