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15 Jan 2004, 22:56
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I have a question regarding this problem which ask later on when I post the answer.

Ad: A leading economist has determined that among people who used computers at their place of employment last year, those who also owned laptop computers earned 25 percent more on average than those who did not. It is obvious that owning a laptop led to a higher- paying job.

Which of the following identifies a reasoning error in the argument?
A) it attempts to support a sweeping generalization on the basis of information about only a small number of individuals
B) Its conclusion merely restates a claim made earlier in the argument
C) It concludes that one thing was caused by another although the evidence given is consistent with the first thingтАЩs having caused the second
D) It offers information as support for a conclusion when that information actually shows that the conclusion is false
E) It uncritically projects currently existing trends indefinitely into the future
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Sarnia

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16 Jan 2004, 02:27
C) Conclusion is that higher- paying job was caused by owning a laptop. Evidence given was that those who owned laptop computers earned 25 percent more on average than those who did not. Thus evidence was that it was the laptop which caused the increase in salary, not vice versa. The conclusion mixes cause/effect
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16 Jan 2004, 08:33
This Q looks like a trap. Next contender is B. How r u folks going to rule out B. B is saying the arguments restates the essential the same claim in a different way.
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16 Jan 2004, 08:47
B says something different.

The "argument": (owners of) laptop computers earned 25 percent more on average than those who did not... (therefore) owning a laptop led to a higher- paying job

B says that Its conclusion merely restates a claim made earlier in the argument . This is untrue. The economist did not assert the causation that is implied by the statement that owning a laptop led to a higher- paying job.
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16 Jan 2004, 12:27
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Sarnia

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17 Jan 2004, 23:12
C it is...though 'A' is close being right too...

Vivek.
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