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# CR- High Tech company

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CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  16 Aug 2004, 06:42
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Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (05:56) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 7 sessions
Question 7 High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs. Recent advances in cataract surgery illustrate why this is occurring. Cataracts are a major cause of blindness, especially in elderly people. Ten years ago, cataract surgery was painful and not always effective. Thanks to the new technology used in cataract surgery, the operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive. These two factors have caused the number of cataract operations performed to increase greatly, which has, in turn, drive up the total amount spent on cataract surgery.

Each of the following, if true, would support a challenge to the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations EXCEPT:
(A) The overall population of the nation has increased from what it was ten years ago
(B) Any one individual's chance of developing cataracts is greater than it was ten years ago.
(C) The number of older people has increased during the last ten years.
(D) Today, health insurance covers cataract surgery for more people than it did ten years ago.
(E) People who have had unsuccessful cataract surgery are left with more seriously impaired vision than they had before the surgery.
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I think the answer is A

Improved technology----> increased cataract operations
(Health costs have increased because now more people go in for cataract surgery because of its increased success rate)

B. chances of cataract have increased..therefore more operations...not because of improved technology
C. costs have gone up because increase in no. of old ppl rather than improved technology
D. Health insurance would lower the cost
E. People with unsuccessful operations would go in for operations because of prior failure of operation and not because of improved technology

A has no bearing on the answer.

Regards,
M
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A is similar in reasoning to C. The more the population (as in A) or, the more the older polulation (as in C), the more the number of ops leading to higher national healthcare costs.
Senior Manager
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Clearly the answer should be E. rest all can refute the reasons given by author.
Manager
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E,it is.

I wud like to question D as being IRrelevant to the question. Insurance costs should not affect the cost of healthcare to a nation. Insuarance provides a means of covering the costs..but the cost to the nation is incurred anyway. Am I wrong?

Last edited by ashwyns on 16 Aug 2004, 09:11, edited 1 time in total.
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E is irrelevant to the discussion.
Senior Manager
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E does not support the challenge. E it is.
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  29 Oct 2008, 17:02
ashwyns wrote:
Question 7 High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs. Recent advances in cataract surgery illustrate why this is occurring. Cataracts are a major cause of blindness, especially in elderly people. Ten years ago, cataract surgery was painful and not always effective. Thanks to the new technology used in cataract surgery, the operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive. These two factors have caused the number of cataract operations performed to increase greatly, which has, in turn, drive up the total amount spent on cataract surgery.

Each of the following, if true, would support a challenge to the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations EXCEPT:
(A) The overall population of the nation has increased from what it was ten years ago
(B) Any one individual's chance of developing cataracts is greater than it was ten years ago.
(C) The number of older people has increased during the last ten years.
(D) Today, health insurance covers cataract surgery for more people than it did ten years ago.
(E) People who have had unsuccessful cataract surgery are left with more seriously impaired vision than they had before the surgery.

A general question from me:

The passage states that "Ten years ago, cataract surgery was painful and not always effective. Thanks to......., the operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive."

Can one assume that now the operation is:
1. less painful
2. more effective?
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  29 Oct 2008, 20:38
(E)
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Senior Manager
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Schools: R1:Cornell, Yale, NYU. R2: Haas, MIT, Ross
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  29 Oct 2008, 22:51
Go for E
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  01 Nov 2008, 22:07
IMO E...all other support authors point of view
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  12 Nov 2008, 15:01
Can someone explain the question stem. Its very confusing

Each of the following, if true, would support a challenge to the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations EXCEPT:
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  12 Nov 2008, 17:31
agree with E .... but why to rule out D ..... who pays doesnt matter .. ultimately the amount is paid ... !
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  12 Nov 2008, 18:41
OA is E for this one?
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  13 Nov 2008, 01:25
I will go for C. To me, E weakens the argument. If unsuccessful operation results in worse vision then the people may go for the second operation with the hope that it will be successful.
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  13 Nov 2008, 02:21
ashwyns wrote:
Question 7 High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs. Recent advances in cataract surgery illustrate why this is occurring. Cataracts are a major cause of blindness, especially in elderly people. Ten years ago, cataract surgery was painful and not always effective. Thanks to the new technology used in cataract surgery, the operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive. These two factors have caused the number of cataract operations performed to increase greatly, which has, in turn, drive up the total amount spent on cataract surgery.

Each of the following, if true, would support a challenge to the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations EXCEPT:
(A) The overall population of the nation has increased from what it was ten years ago
(B) Any one individual's chance of developing cataracts is greater than it was ten years ago.
(C) The number of older people has increased during the last ten years.
(D) Today, health insurance covers cataract surgery for more people than it did ten years ago.
(E) People who have had unsuccessful cataract surgery are left with more seriously impaired vision than they had before the surgery.

the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations: high technology - less expensive, less painful and more effective

E weekens 'less effective'
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  13 Nov 2008, 08:47
1
KUDOS
I dont know if any of u are using Powerscore- CR Bible.
But in that it says that in 'EXCEPT' q's-
If the Q says all weaken the argument except- Then the 'except' answer doesnt not have to weaken the main point... it does not mean that it should strengthen the point.

In this Q- the stimulus is- more accessible operation for more people!!!
Whether the operations were successful or not is beyond the scope.

Hope this helps.
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  13 Nov 2008, 16:28
ashwyns wrote:
Question 7 High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs. Recent advances in cataract surgery illustrate why this is occurring. Cataracts are a major cause of blindness, especially in elderly people. Ten years ago, cataract surgery was painful and not always effective. Thanks to the new technology used in cataract surgery, the operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive. These two factors have caused the number of cataract operations performed to increase greatly, which has, in turn, drive up the total amount spent on cataract surgery.

Each of the following, if true, would support a challenge to the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations EXCEPT:
(A) The overall population of the nation has increased from what it was ten years ago
(B) Any one individual's chance of developing cataracts is greater than it was ten years ago.
(C) The number of older people has increased during the last ten years.
(D) Today, health insurance covers cataract surgery for more people than it did ten years ago.
(E) People who have had unsuccessful cataract surgery are left with more seriously impaired vision than they had before the surgery.

This is a Q with land mines built around. Look at what the Q is asking

support a challenge to the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations EXCEPT

What is author's explanation?

operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive -> increase in the number of operations

Now look for stuff that challenges authors explanation. So our INCORRECT answer choices will say they are the cause for increase in the # of surgeries

A is saying that pop is increased and that's why the number is increased.

B is saying that probability of getting C increased and hence number went up

C is saying that older people are more in number and hence more surgeries

D is saying that it's now covered by insurance. The trap is covered by insurance does not mean that it is less expensive. Covered by insurance and hence many people are doing it.

E is saying people will have vision impairment if surgery goes wrong. does not tell how the final number is increasing because of this? If at all the number has to decrease.

Hence E
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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  13 Nov 2008, 18:08
(A) The overall population of the nation has increased from what it was ten years ago [Challenges author’s explanation for increase in number of operations]
(B) Any one individual's chance of developing cataracts is greater than it was ten years ago. [Challenges author’s explanation for increase in number of operations]
(C) The number of older people has increased during the last ten years. [Challenges author’s explanation for increase in number of operations]
(D) Today, health insurance covers cataract surgery for more people than it did ten years ago. [Challenges author’s explanation for increase in number of operations]
(E) People who have had unsuccessful cataract surgery are left with more seriously impaired vision than they had before the surgery.[irrelevant]

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Re: CR- High Tech company [#permalink]  13 Nov 2008, 23:09
The main point to be noted inthis question is which of the following chalanges the explanation EXCEPT.....That means we have 2 look out for that statemnet which does not weaken the explnataion..HEre all except E challange the explnataion. Hence E
sumanamba wrote:
Can someone explain the question stem. Its very confusing

Each of the following, if true, would support a challenge to the author's explanation of the increase in the number of cataract operations EXCEPT:
Re: CR- High Tech company   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2008, 23:09

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