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CR: Intelligent life

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CR: Intelligent life [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2008, 04:17
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The question whether intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is certainly imprecise, because we are not sure how different from us something might be and still count as “intelligent life.” Yet we cannot just decide to define “intelligent life” in some more precise way since it is likely that we will find and recognize intelligent life elsewhere in the universe only if we leave our definitions open to new, unimagined possibilities.

The argument can most reasonably be interpreted as an objection to which one of the following claims?

(A) The question whether intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is one that will never be correctly answered.
(B) Whether or not there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe, our understanding of intelligent life is limited.
(C) The question about the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe must be made more precise if we hope to answer it correctly.
(D) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is so imprecise as to be meaningless.
(E) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is one we should not spend our time trying to answer.

The passage, if seen as an objection to an antecedent claim, challenges that claim by:

(A) showing the claim to be irrelevant to the issue at hand
(B) citing examples that fail to fit proposed definition of “intelligent life”
(C) claiming that “intelligent life” cannot be adequately defined
(D) arguing that the claim, if acted on, would be counterproductive
(E) maintaining that the claim is not supported by the available evidence

Can anybody explain pls?
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Re: CR: Intelligent life [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2008, 04:44
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The question whether intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is certainly imprecise, because we are not sure how different from us something might be and still count as “intelligent life.” Yet we cannot just decide to define “intelligent life” in some more precise way since it is likely that we will find and recognize intelligent life elsewhere in the universe only if we leave our definitions open to new, unimagined possibilities.

The passage concludes: we cannot define “intelligent life” in some more precise way and we will find intelligent life only if we leave our definitions open.

The argument can most reasonably be interpreted as an objection to which one of the following claims?

(A) The question whether intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is one that will never be correctly answered. - irrelevant to the conclusion
(B) Whether or not there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe, our understanding of intelligent life is limited. - the passage does not object to this.
(C) The question about the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe must be made more precise if we hope to answer it correctly. - the best.
(D) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is so imprecise as to be meaningless. - irrelevant
(E) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is one we should not spend our time trying to answer. - irrelevant to the conclusion

The passage, if seen as an objection to an antecedent claim, challenges that claim by:

(A) showing the claim to be irrelevant to the issue at hand - irrelevant
(B) citing examples that fail to fit proposed definition of “intelligent life” - irrelevant. there are no examples
(C) claiming that “intelligent life” cannot be adequately defined - the best
(D) arguing that the claim, if acted on, would be counterproductive - tricky. but "if acted on" does not fit the passage.
(E) maintaining that the claim is not supported by the available evidence - irrelevant
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Re: CR: Intelligent life [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2008, 06:38
agree with Walker on the first question: C it is

for the second, I think the answer should be D. the reason being:

the author is not challenging the claim by saying we 'cannot adequately define intelligent life'. He is saying that if we do narrow down the definition then we might fail to 'find and recognize intelligent life elsewhere in the universe'. So, if we 'act on' the claim of narrowing the definitation we fail to identify intelligent life.
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Re: CR: Intelligent life [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2008, 03:16
The argument can most reasonably be interpreted as an objection to which one of the following claims?


Conclusion: we will find and recognize intelligent life elsewhere in the universe only if we leave our definitions open to new, unimagined possibilities.
Objection to “precise definition of intelligent life”


(A) The question whether intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is one that will never be correctly answered.[Out of scope of the argument – eliminate it]

(B) Whether or not there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe, our understanding of intelligent life is limited.[This is a good candidate for the support of the conclusion. But, for the object of the argument, we require answer choice that amplifies precise definition need – eliminate it]

(C) The question about the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe must be made more precise if we hope to answer it correctly.[Hold it]

(D) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is so imprecise as to be meaningless.[Out of scope – eliminate it]

(E) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is one we should not spend our time trying to answer.[What to spend time is not the purpose of the passage – eliminate it]

Answer: C


The passage, if seen as an objection to an antecedent claim, challenges that claim by:
if seen as an objection to an antecedent claim :



we will find and recognize intelligent life elsewhere in the universe only if we precisely define intelligent life definition.


The one that challenges this claim amplifies it is counterproductive to re-define the Intelligent life definition.

(A) showing the claim to be irrelevant to the issue at hand [Not at all – eliminate it]

(B) citing examples that fail to fit proposed definition of “intelligent life”[This is counter object to antecedent objection claim – that is it is the one that directly supports object to antecedent claim – eliminate it]

(C) claiming that “intelligent life” cannot be adequately defined [Not really – we already defined precise intelligent life definition - eliminate it]

(D) arguing that the claim, if acted on, would be counterproductive [ This is the one – we already defined precise intelligent life definition – Hold it]

(E) maintaining that the claim is not supported by the available evidence [out of scope – eliminate it]

Answer: D
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Re: CR: Intelligent life [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2008, 07:03
hanumayamma wrote:
The argument can most reasonably be interpreted as an objection to which one of the following claims?


Conclusion: we will find and recognize intelligent life elsewhere in the universe only if we leave our definitions open to new, unimagined possibilities.
Objection to “precise definition of intelligent life”


(A) The question whether intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is one that will never be correctly answered.[Out of scope of the argument – eliminate it]

(B) Whether or not there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe, our understanding of intelligent life is limited.[This is a good candidate for the support of the conclusion. But, for the object of the argument, we require answer choice that amplifies precise definition need – eliminate it]

(C) The question about the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe must be made more precise if we hope to answer it correctly.[Hold it]

(D) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is so imprecise as to be meaningless.[Out of scope – eliminate it]

(E) The question whether there is intelligent life elsewhere in the universe is one we should not spend our time trying to answer.[What to spend time is not the purpose of the passage – eliminate it]

Answer: C


The passage, if seen as an objection to an antecedent claim, challenges that claim by:
if seen as an objection to an antecedent claim :



we will find and recognize intelligent life elsewhere in the universe only if we precisely define intelligent life definition.


The one that challenges this claim amplifies it is counterproductive to re-define the Intelligent life definition.

(A) showing the claim to be irrelevant to the issue at hand [Not at all – eliminate it]

(B) citing examples that fail to fit proposed definition of “intelligent life”[This is counter object to antecedent objection claim – that is it is the one that directly supports object to antecedent claim – eliminate it]

(C) claiming that “intelligent life” cannot be adequately defined [Not really – we already defined precise intelligent life definition - eliminate it]

(D) arguing that the claim, if acted on, would be counterproductive [ This is the one – we already defined precise intelligent life definition – Hold it]

(E) maintaining that the claim is not supported by the available evidence [out of scope – eliminate it]

Answer: D

hmmm. i think D is too strong to say that it is counterproductive. we need to stick close to the passage and C does that
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Re: CR: Intelligent life   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2008, 07:03
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