CR: Intuition : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# CR: Intuition

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CR: Intuition [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2005, 07:41
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Traditionally, decision-making by managers that is reasoned step-by-step has been considered preferable to intuitive decision-making. However, a recent study found that top managers used intuition significantly more than did most middle- or lower-level managers. This confirms the alternative view that intuition is actually more effective than careful, methodical reasoning.

The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Methodical, step-by-step reasoning is inappropriate for making many real-life management decisions.

(B) Top managers have the ability to use either intuitive reasoning or methodical, step-by-step reasoning in making decisions.

(C) The decisions made by middle- and lower-level managers can be made as easily by using methodical reasoning as by using intuitive reasoning.

(D) Top managers use intuitive reasoning in making the majority of their decisions.

(E) Top managers are more effective at decision-making than middle- or lower-level managers.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 14 Oct 2013, 01:14, edited 1 time in total.
Added Tag, Added OA and removed unnecessary comments from the question stem
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17 Nov 2005, 08:30
I like E also. The support the author gives for intuition being more effective than methodical reasoning is that top managers mostly use intuition for decision making as opposed to lower level managers. The passage assumes that top managers are higher up on the corporate ladder because of their decision making methods.
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18 Nov 2005, 00:46
Premise: a recent study found that top managers used intuition significantly more than did most middle- or lower-level managers.

conclusion: intution is more effective.

there is a gap or assumptions here. if it is assumed that top managers make effective decisions, then only the conclusion will be drawn.

so E is the answer.
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18 Nov 2005, 07:36
Answer is indeed E.

Thanks for your explanations. I don't have the OE, as I took this one from the 1000 CR Document.

Regards,
Darth
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18 Nov 2005, 07:45
hmm this is actually tough...can anyone say why D isnt the right choice...say..if D wasnt true then the whole argument also falls apart right?

anyway I had picked E initially but...want to understand why D isnt..
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Re: CR: Intuition [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2005, 08:00
Darth_McDaddy wrote:
Hi folks,

This CR has been taken from the 1000 CR document. The answer is not convincing, so I have posted the question here. Please give me your reasons for choosing the answer.

Thanks,

Traditionally, decision-making by managers that is reasoned step-by-step has been considered preferable to intuitive decision-making. However, a recent study found that top managers used intuition significantly more than did most middle- or lower-level managers. This confirms the alternative view that intuition is actually more effective than careful, methodical reasoning.
The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Methodical, step-by-step reasoning is inappropriate for making many real-life management decisions.
(B) Top managers have the ability to use either intuitive reasoning or methodical, step-by-step reasoning in making decisions.
(C) The decisions made by middle- and lower-level managers can be made as easily by using methodical reasoning as by using intuitive reasoning.
(D) Top managers use intuitive reasoning in making the majority of their decisions.
(E) Top managers are more effective at decision-making than middle- or lower-level managers.

freshinha> significantly more than does not necessarily equate to a majority (of their decisions).
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18 Nov 2005, 19:28
Evidence
A recent study found that top managers used intuition significantly more than did most middle- or lower-level managers

Conclusion
that intuition is actually more effective than careful, methodical reasoning.

Assumption E only goes with the conclusion
hence E should be the answer.
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19 Nov 2005, 09:08
Totally agree with E.

If negate E, the conclusion is not valid.
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Re: [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2010, 00:57
1
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Traditionally, decision-making by managers that is reasoned step-by-step has been considered preferable to intuitive decision-making. However, a recent study found that top managers used intuition significantly more than did most middle- or lower-level managers. This confirms the alternative view that intuition is actually more effective than careful, methodical reasoning.
The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Methodical, step-by-step reasoning is inappropriate for making many real-life management decisions. - out of scope to exteme.
(B) Top managers have the ability to use either intuitive reasoning or methodical, step-by-step reasoning in making decisions. - inference based on what stated above.
(C) The decisions made by middle- and lower-level managers can be made as easily by using methodical reasoning as by using intuitive reasoning. - we don't know, may be true.
(D) Top managers use intuitive reasoning in making the majority of their decisions. -paraphrase of the premise "a recent study found that top managers used intuition significantly more than", yet, the assumption is an unstated premise. this is stated premise.
(E) Top managers are more effective at decision-making than middle- or lower-level managers. - true! this is supporter statement. Negate it "Top managers are NOT more effective at decision-making than middle- or lower-level managers." if they not, than it weakens conclusion that the "alternative view that intuition is actually more effective than careful, methodical reasoning. "
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Re: CR: Intuition [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2012, 14:37
I have chosen E for this question:

A. Nowhere do we assume that step by step reasoning is inappropriate. This cannot be the correct answer.

B. This may be true, but even without this statement, the argument still holds.

C. How can assume that one method is as easy as the other? This also does not weaken the statement when it is negated.

D. Top managers may use this intuitive reasoning alot, but how do we know it is used in the majority of their decisions? This cannot be assumed.

E. If we were to logically negate this answer choice, it would weaken the statement. The passage is assuming that since top managers are higher up on the corporate ladder, they must also be making more effective decisions - in this case more top managers are using the intuitive method.
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Re: CR: Intuition [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 01:18
Friends,

I don't know about 1000 CR but this is definitely an official question
# 63 Verbal Review 2.
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S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

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Re: CR: Intuition [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2016, 18:09
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: CR: Intuition [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2016, 22:25
Traditionally, decision-making by managers that is reasoned step-by-step has been considered preferable to intuitive decision-making. However, a recent study found that top managers used intuition significantly more than did most middle- or lower-level managers. This confirms the alternative view that intuition is actually more effective than careful, methodical reasoning.

The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?
Prethink:
Premise: top managers used intuition more than middle, lower level manager
Conclusion: intuition is more effective
The gap that the author believe here is top manager usually make decision more effectively than middle, lower level manager.

(A) Methodical, step-by-step reasoning is inappropriate for making many real-life management decisions. ( the stimulus talks about intuition==> incorrect

(B) Top managers have the ability to use either intuitive reasoning or methodical, step-by-step reasoning in making decisions. ( the fact that top manager can use both can't conclude that intuition is more effective ==> incorrect

(C) The decisions made by middle- and lower-level managers can be made as easily by using methodical reasoning as by using intuitive reasoning. ( like B ==> incorrect

(D) Top managers use intuitive reasoning in making the majority of their decisions. irrelevant ==> incorrect

(E) Top managers are more effective at decision-making than middle- or lower-level managers. ( the gap ==> correct
Hope to see more explanation from peers. Good luck with gmat!
Re: CR: Intuition   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2016, 22:25
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# CR: Intuition

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