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# CR-Judges

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02 Dec 2009, 23:44
Quote:
In the earliest stages of the common law, a party could have a case heard by a judge only upon the payment of a fee to the court, and then only if the case fit within one of the forms for which there existed a writ. At first the number of such formalized cases of action was very small, but judges invented new forms which brought more cases and greater revenues. Which of the following conclusions is most strongly suggested by the paragraph above?
(A) Early judges often decided cases in an arbitrary and haphazard manner INCORRECT. Out of scope. No reason to believe this.
(B) In most early cases, the plaintiff rather than the defendant prevailedINCORRECT. Nothing mentioned that benefits either of them
(C) The judiciary at first had greater power than either the legislature or the executiveINCORRECT. No mention of the comparative powers of the judiciary with the legislature
(D) One of the motivating forces for the early expansion in judicial power was economic considerationsCORRECT. Mentions in the role of the judges in bringing more cases that brought revenue
(E) The first common law decisions were inconsistent with one another and did not form a coherent body of law.INCORRECT. Out of scope.No suggestion of inconsistency or coherence to common body of law

Hope this helps
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03 Dec 2009, 12:11
The revenue piece is the key -- I missed this on first reading as it's the last sentence, but it's the important takeaway from the stimulus. D
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11 Dec 2010, 21:43
D.

This is a "Find a conclusion question" as is very clear from the question stem
In such questions we need to make sure that the conclusion is closely related to what is said in the passage, does not assume much outside of the context of the passage and is based on the facts/assumptions stated in the passage. There are two facts stated:
1) Cases were taken only a) after a fee was deposited and b) if a form existed based on a writ
2) Judges increased number of cases by creating new forms that also increased revenue

Both facts point to monetary considerations.
D supports this assertion

Other options are asking a lot to assume outside of the passage.
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12 Dec 2010, 21:04
Has to be D as that is the only answer that deals with the economic basis of the statement.
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13 Dec 2010, 01:20
Answer Choice is D
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13 Dec 2010, 03:12
I got - D
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13 Dec 2010, 06:40
I say D
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22 Jan 2011, 01:05
I agree with some of you when you say D isn't the best choice. Having said that it is closer to the correct answer than E because nowhere in the argument does it imply that decisions were inconsistent.

Yes, it does contain a statement about the limited number of forms, which can lead to an assumption that decisions were inconsistent.

But in that statement it also says, "a party could have a case heard by a judge only upon the payment of a fee to the court, and then only if the case fit within one of the forms for which there existed a writ", which could also lead to an assumption that such cases were rejected.

However as for revenue, there is direct reference to the small revenues initially collected which leads us to D.
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22 Jan 2011, 07:59
D
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22 Jan 2011, 09:19
1+ for D.
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25 Jan 2011, 08:27
Clearly D as it says about "early expansion in judicial power was economic considerations" in line with increased revenues and more cases.
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13 Dec 2011, 08:37
D. The rest are out of scope.
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14 Dec 2011, 00:58
Poor question. Actually, I do not get any information from the argument except the final sentence. I chose E, but also very confuse with choice D .
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15 Dec 2011, 07:20
Eliminate the wrong answers instead of trying to prove the correct one. Worry about reasoning only if there are contenders. The incorrect answers are not even close to the correct one. Easy question.
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01 Feb 2012, 22:34
Premise: Before, a case could be heard by paying  + if the case fell under a category for which forms existed.
Few cases were there in the beginning, but later judges increased the number of forms
More cases fell under more categories + more money

Which of the following conclusions is most strongly suggested by the paragraph above?

(A) Early judges often decided cases in an arbitrary and haphazard manner. Irrelevant
(B) In most early cases, the plaintiff rather than the defendant prevailed. We cannot say this is true. Nothing about the two sides of the case is mentioned.
(C) The judiciary at first had greater power than either the legislature or the executive. Irrelevant
(D) One of the motivating forces for the early expansion in judicial power was economic considerations. Correct.
(E) The first common law decisions were inconsistent with one another and did not form a coherent body of law. Irrelevant. Nothing about 'coherence' is mentioned.
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02 Feb 2012, 14:11
+1 D
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13 Dec 2012, 06:04
I think this is an assumption question.

The assumption D is just a rewording of the 2 premises which is not directly stated.

Notice the economic considerations given in D points to the fee imposed by the court. Hence the best answer.
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13 Dec 2012, 06:38
of course the D option paraphrases the last line of the factset... Economic considerations....all other choices seemed irrelevent to me...got it right...:)

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13 Dec 2012, 11:09
Straightaway D, pretty easy one.

(A) Early judges often decided cases in an arbitrary and haphazard manner. - Irrelevant, nowhere mentioned.

(B) In most early cases, the plaintiff rather than the defendant prevailed. - Not mentioned. either sides could have their case heard.

(C) The judiciary at first had greater power than either the legislature or the executive. Irrelevant

(D) One of the motivating forces for the early expansion in judicial power was economic considerations. Bingo.
At first the number ....was very small, but judges invented new forms which brought more cases and greater revenues.

(E) The first common law decisions were inconsistent with one another and did not form a coherent body of law. Irrelevant, nowhere mentioned.
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18 Dec 2012, 11:42
gmatavenue wrote:
[P1] party could have a case only upon the payment
[P2] if the case fit a writ.
[P3] formalized cases of action was very small
[P4] judges invented new forms
[P5] brought more cases and greater revenues

The above are set of premises and the conclusion should
sum up all the premises.

(A) Early judges often decided cases in an arbitrary and haphazard manner.
arbitrary and haphazard manner ? Does some premise state that. May be
they were organized thats the reason they took the case which had
written writ.

(B) In most early cases, the plaintiff rather than the defendant prevailed.
Not relevent. Trying to distract with external factors.

(C) The judiciary at first had greater power than either the legislature or
the executive.
Not relevent. Trying to distract with external factors.

(D) One of the motivating forces for the early expansion in judicial power was
economic considerations.
Yes , It kind of concludes why "party could have a case only upon the payment",
why "judges invented new forms" , to get in more money.
It seems to be the soul movitation for the expansion in judiciary system.

(E) The first common law decisions were inconsistent with one another and did
not form a coherent body of law.
Inconsistent and Incoherent ?? Which premise states that ? Even if true, doesn't
really conclude anything.

Agreed. The conclusion states "which brought more cases and greater revenues". Therefore we need to focus on that particular option which highlights both the facts (1) More Cases and (2) More Money (revenue). Option D does include both these points "expansion in judicial power was economic considerations.
Re: CR-Judges   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2012, 11:42

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