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# CR---Mayor of Plainsville

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CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  30 Aug 2008, 12:32
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Mayor of Plainsville: In order to help the economy of Plainsville, I am using some of our tax revenues to help bring a major highway through the town and thereby attract new business to Plainsville.

Citizens’ group: You must have interests other than our economy in mind. If you were really interested in helping our economy, you would instead allocate the revenues to building a new business park, since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would.

The argument by the citizens’ group relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Plainsville presently has no major highways running through it.
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway.
(C) The new highway would have no benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business.
(D) The mayor is required to get approval for all tax revenue allocation plans from the city council.
(E) Plainsville’s economy will not be helped unless a new business park of the sort envisioned by the citizens’ group is built.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  30 Aug 2008, 12:41
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For a moment I leaned towards E. But I feel its B

You must have interests other than our economy in mind. is the conclusion.

The conclusion will only stand if the mayor also knows that B park would bring twice the business as does the new highway.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  18 Jan 2013, 14:00
Mayor of Plainsville: In order to help the economy of Plainsville, I am using some of our tax revenues to help bring a major highway through the town and thereby attract new business to Plainsville.

Citizens’ group: You must have interests other than our economy in mind. If you were really interested in helping our economy, you would instead allocate the revenues to building a new business park, since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would.

The argument by the citizens’ group relies on which one of the following assumptions?

The Conclusion of Citizen's group is : You must have interests other than our economy in mind.

Accordingly, the relationship between the conclusion and the assumption can be described as:
Conclusion Valid --------------> Assumption True

Hence, the answer you select as correct must contain a statement that the author relies upon and is fully committed to in the argument. Think of an assumption as the foundation of the argument, a statement that the premises and conclusion rest upon. If an answer choice contains a statement that the author might only think could be true, or if the statement contains additional information that the author is not committed to, then the answer is incorrect.

assumptions play one of two roles—the Supporter or the Defender.
The Supporter role is the traditional linking role, where an assumption connects the pieces of the argument.
Defender assumptions protect the argument by eliminating ideas that could weaken the argument

Based on this, u can know that this question is playing a defender role.The author assumes that any idea that would weaken the argument is impossible and cannot occur.

One of the approach for Defender assumption is to use the classic The Assumption Negation Technique.
1. Logically negate the answer choices under consideration
2. The negated answer choice that attacks the argument will be the correct answer.
When the correct answer choice is negated, the answer must weaken the argument. This will occur because of the conditional nature of an
assumption.

The Conclusion of Citizen's group is : You must have interests other than our economy in mind.

(A) Plainsville presently has no major highways running through it. --- Negate the statement . Plainsville presently has major highways running through it. It does not hurt the conclusion that mayor has other interest.
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway. --- We are asked about the citizen group assumption not what mayor accepts. And the argument does not mention any comparison on the mayor part, in which he weighs the advantage of one project over the another.
(C) The new highway would have no benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business. ---- Correct Answer:This statement bubbles up what citizen group is been thinking. If you negate this statement that The new highway would have benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business. Then the arguement's conclusion falls apart. What citizen group is assuming that the only benefit is to attract new business and the new highway can in no which way help to generate more revenue.
(D) The mayor is required to get approval for all tax revenue allocation plans from the city council. -- This does not defend the conclusion that the mayor is interest other than economy.
(E) Plainsville’s economy will not be helped unless a new business park of the sort envisioned by the citizens’ group is built. --- This is a classical trap. If you look closely, you will find that it uses the word "unless", but the citizen group argument above only mention about the alternative. It does not say that the only way to help economy is to build the park.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  11 Nov 2010, 07:09
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mundasingh123 wrote:
Why not E?
If you negate E, the argument does fall part.Gosh!

Mayor of Plainsville: In order to help the economy of Plainsville, I am using some of our tax revenues to help bring a major highway through the town and thereby attract new business to Plainsville.

Citizens’ group: You must have interests other than our economy in mind. If you were really interested in helping our economy, you would instead allocate the revenues to building a new business park, since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would.

The argument by the citizens’ group relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Plainsville presently has no major highways running through it.
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway.
(C) The new highway would have no benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business.
(D) The mayor is required to get approval for all tax revenue allocation plans from the city council.
(E) Plainsville’s economy will not be helped unless a new business park of the sort envisioned by the citizens’ group is built.

E has a problem, Citizens are concerned about the amount of reveue the Hway and the Park is gonna bring in.
Citizens are not negating the fact that Hway will bring revenue "since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would" E does not become an assumption, it is already a stated fact.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  11 Nov 2010, 22:49
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Richardson wrote:
humtum0 wrote:
Mayor of Plainsville: In order to help the economy of Plainsville, I am using some of our tax revenues to help bring a major highway through the town and thereby attract new business to Plainsville.
Citizens’ group: You must have interests other than our economy in mind. If you were really interested in helping our economy, you would instead allocate the revenues to building a new business park, since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would.

The argument by the citizens’ group relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Plainsville presently has no major highways running through it.
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway.
(C) The new highway would have no benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business.
(D) The mayor is required to get approval for all tax revenue allocation plans from the city council.
(E) Plainsville’s economy will not be helped unless a new business park of the sort envisioned by the citizens’ group is built.

Answer should be C.

Mayor - highway! that brings new business to this town.
Citizen - mayor's interest not equal to ours. new business park will bring more new ones to this town. benefits from highway is smaller than the ones from new business park.

Choice B is repetitive description of citizen's understanding, not an assumption. Citizen's argument is based on the understanding that building up new business park would bring MORE new business to the town than the ones by having the highway. This understanding assumes that new business generation is the only benefit from having the highway. So the citizens assumed the choice C for their argument. Other way to crack this q is...

Try to negate choice C. Then citizen's argument can be weakened; more benefits could be generated by highway...so Choice C is best.

B should be the Answer.
explanation: (mayor)he wanted to build new road which will attract new business.
citizens understand that there is no point in building new highways instead develop Business park which will brings twice the business than highways(as said in choice C)
so Choice C is understanding not an assumption.(try to Focus on the 2nd part of choice C, you will know that it is understanding not assumption)

SO, final Ans is B.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  30 Aug 2008, 12:57
B is the "best"

If the mayor accepts the citizen group's statistics, then he must have other interests in mind, because why else would he want to build a highway instead of a business park?

everything else get cancelled out.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  30 Aug 2008, 14:39
B fits the situation best.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  30 Aug 2008, 19:00
stuck betn B and C.
whats the OA?
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  31 Aug 2008, 00:03
C for me!
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  31 Aug 2008, 02:45
humtum0 wrote:
Mayor of Plainsville: In order to help the economy of Plainsville, I am using some of our tax revenues to help bring a major highway through the town and thereby attract new business to Plainsville.
Citizens’ group: You must have interests other than our economy in mind. If you were really interested in helping our economy, you would instead allocate the revenues to building a new business park, since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would.

The argument by the citizens’ group relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Plainsville presently has no major highways running through it.
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway.
(C) The new highway would have no benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business.
(D) The mayor is required to get approval for all tax revenue allocation plans from the city council.
(E) Plainsville’s economy will not be helped unless a new business park of the sort envisioned by the citizens’ group is built.

Answer should be C.

Mayor - highway! that brings new business to this town.
Citizen - mayor's interest not equal to ours. new business park will bring more new ones to this town. benefits from highway is smaller than the ones from new business park.

Choice B is repetitive description of citizen's understanding, not an assumption. Citizen's argument is based on the understanding that building up new business park would bring MORE new business to the town than the ones by having the highway. This understanding assumes that new business generation is the only benefit from having the highway. So the citizens assumed the choice C for their argument. Other way to crack this q is...

Try to negate choice C. Then citizen's argument can be weakened; more benefits could be generated by highway...so Choice C is best.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  31 Aug 2008, 03:23
humtum0 wrote:
Mayor of Plainsville: In order to help the economy of Plainsville, I am using some of our tax revenues to help bring a major highway through the town and thereby attract new business to Plainsville.
Citizens’ group: You must have interests other than our economy in mind. If you were really interested in helping our economy, you would instead allocate the revenues to building a new business park, since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would.

The argument by the citizens’ group relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Plainsville presently has no major highways running through it.
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway.
(C) The new highway would have no benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business.
(D) The mayor is required to get approval for all tax revenue allocation plans from the city council.
(E) Plainsville’s economy will not be helped unless a new business park of the sort envisioned by the citizens’ group is built.

IMO C)
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  31 Aug 2008, 04:14
IMO B.
Here, the Citizens' argument is based on the assumption that the mayor is already aware of the alternate solution.
C can be ruled out as the scope of the citizen's argument is economic development through 'new business to Plainsville' as the mayor has already stated that.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  31 Aug 2008, 05:27
OA - B
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  11 Nov 2010, 05:00
Richardson wrote:
humtum0 wrote:
Mayor of Plainsville: In order to help the economy of Plainsville, I am using some of our tax revenues to help bring a major highway through the town and thereby attract new business to Plainsville.
Citizens’ group: You must have interests other than our economy in mind. If you were really interested in helping our economy, you would instead allocate the revenues to building a new business park, since it would bring in twice the business that your highway would.

The argument by the citizens’ group relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Plainsville presently has no major highways running through it.
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway.
(C) The new highway would have no benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business.
(D) The mayor is required to get approval for all tax revenue allocation plans from the city council.
(E) Plainsville’s economy will not be helped unless a new business park of the sort envisioned by the citizens’ group is built.

Answer should be C.

Mayor - highway! that brings new business to this town.
Citizen - mayor's interest not equal to ours. new business park will bring more new ones to this town. benefits from highway is smaller than the ones from new business park.

Choice B is repetitive description of citizen's understanding, not an assumption. Citizen's argument is based on the understanding that building up new business park would bring MORE new business to the town than the ones by having the highway. This understanding assumes that new business generation is the only benefit from having the highway. Citizens said they feel making highway may have more reasons/benefits. Business increase is not the 'only' reason. They are against the idea of highway So the citizens assumed the choice C for their argument. Other way to crack this q is...

Try to negate choice C. Then citizen's argument can be weakened; more benefits could be generated by highway...so Choice C is best.

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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  11 Nov 2010, 06:05
Why not E?
If you negate E, the argument does fall part.Gosh!
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  11 Nov 2010, 07:23
IMO, the answer is C. I picked C but found that the provided answer is B.

well, citizens believe that the mayor must have other benefits, so they propose to build a park rather than to build a highway. they assume that the highway have no benefit other than attracting new business so that a park can be compared with a highway project, or otherwise the two projects' benefits cannot be measured directly.
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  11 Nov 2010, 08:19
It's b

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  12 Nov 2010, 00:26
Hm, to be honest I still don't get it!

To me B) is simply a rephrase of "You must have interests other than our economy in mind" =
(B) The mayor accepts that a new business park would bring in more new business than would the new highway.

I'd appreciate some more elaboration
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  12 Nov 2010, 09:16
b
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Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville [#permalink]  13 Nov 2010, 11:08
ahh i fell for (C) too.

It seems to me that if you negate (C), it would hurt the conclusion more?

conclusion: You must have interests other than our economy in mind.

(C) The new highway would have LOTS OF benefits for Plainsville other than attracting new business.

I think that is the correct negation, if so, then wouldn't it hurt conclusion more? Now when you negate (B), I don't see it hurting the conclusion as much. Am i missing something here?
Re: CR---Mayor of Plainsville   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2010, 11:08
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# CR---Mayor of Plainsville

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