CR- Similar Reasoning : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# CR- Similar Reasoning

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CEO
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CR- Similar Reasoning [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2007, 23:44
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Anyone who fails to answer a patients questions cannot be a competent physician. That is why I feel confident about my physicians competence: she carefully answers every one of my questions, no matter how trivial.
Which one of the following most closely parallels the flawed reasoning in the argument above?

A. Anyone who grows up in a large family is accustomed to making compromises. Meredith is accustomed to making compromises, so she might have grown up in a large family.

B. Anyone who is not in favor of this proposal is ill informed on the issue. Jeanne opposes the proposal, so she is ill informed on the issue.

C. No one who likes music misses a performance of the symphony. Paul likes music, yet last week he missed a performance of the symphony.

D. Anyone who works two or more jobs is unable to find a balance between professional and personal life. Maggie has only one job, so she can find a balance between her professional and personal life.

E. No one who is hot-tempered and strong-willed will succeed in this business. Jeremy is strong-willed, so he will not succeed in this business.
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15 Dec 2007, 00:10
The flaw in logical terms can be stated as:

(not) a implies (not) b
where a is "Answering patients' questions"
and b is "being a competent physician"

The author concludes that:
given a (is true) implies b (is true). which is a wrong conclusion.

the correct conclusion if (not) a implies (not) b is b implies a
i.e. a competent physician must be capable of answering patients' queries.

The above mentioned flaw is ||ed in D.

In D:
a is "having single job" and b is "balancing pro and personal life"
and it is (wrongly) concluded that:
one job (a) implies balanced personal and pro life (b)

What say others?
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2583
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Kudos [?]: 420 [0], given: 0

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15 Dec 2007, 00:16
The flaw in logical terms can be stated as:

(not) a implies (not) b
where a is "Answering patients' questions"
and b is "being a competent physician"

The author concludes that:
given a (is true) implies b (is true). which is a wrong conclusion.

the correct conclusion if (not) a implies (not) b is b implies a
i.e. a competent physician must be capable of answering patients' queries.

The above mentioned flaw is ||ed in D.

In D:
a is "having single job" and b is "balancing pro and personal life"
and it is (wrongly) concluded that:
one job (a) implies balanced personal and pro life (b)

What say others?

Thanks. For some reason I forgot that I am trying to find a flaw here. I chose B b/c it looked similar. Was btwn B and D and just went B. I now see why D is correct.
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18 Dec 2007, 07:39
namurad. Thanks for the explanation.
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Trying hard to achieve something unachievable now....

18 Dec 2007, 07:39
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# CR- Similar Reasoning

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