Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two

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Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Divyadisha on 15 Sep 2016, 08:00, edited 1 time in total.
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prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they


Went for E. I think the line misplaced...it should start from "if" not "and"...
parallel structure. ": that there are ~, and that ~" So, A, B, and C is out. In D, "if recognized and applied..." it's passive voice, not appropriate for the subject of "students".
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New post 27 Jun 2008, 07:59
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prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they


Construction needs "that" for parallelism.
so between D & E.

"that if recognized" in D seems ambiguous.
I will go with "E" (though I don't like "they" in E)
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2008, 08:14
prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they


E

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that X that Y

X-there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately
Y-if students recognize and apply these skills, they


I wonder if we need an "and" between X and Y?
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2008, 08:43
I am going with E..it seems parallel..predicated on 2 assumptions that blah blah, THAT, blah...
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New post 04 Sep 2010, 12:09
why is E better than B?
B also has the || that that...
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2010, 16:58
Can you plz tell the OA
I am stuck between D and E
and I went with D
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New post 04 Sep 2010, 17:22
E for me as well. E maintains ||ism by using THAT and it clearly mentions that students are going to recognize and apply.
In D, "if applied" clause seems to be ambiguous.
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Hi everybody,

The original sentence contains two errors:I) Parallelism & II) modifier.

I) Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and (That required) if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

II) Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers. - implies students are recognized and applied.

B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students - out due to error I
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they- out due to error I
D. that if recognized and applied, students - out due to error II
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

Correct option - E
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New post 05 Sep 2010, 12:07
I dont like 'they' in E as 'they' can apply to 'skills' and 'students'

Hence D.
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New post 23 Nov 2012, 02:44
seekmba wrote:
I dont like 'they' in E as 'they' can apply to 'skills' and 'students'

Hence D.



The sentence is checking the conditional tense with the form of a condition.

Since the condition is stated , hence both the IF and THAN clause should be in simple present.
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New post 05 May 2013, 05:13
I know this is in theory a GMAT official source, but is the question wrong?

"critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions:" should be... "predicated"

Concepts are predicated on assumptions, and predicted by things.
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New post 28 Apr 2015, 00:12
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New post 28 Apr 2015, 21:06
my opinion D. Please post OA. Very nice question, indeed.

prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

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New post 11 Jul 2015, 04:13
Hi Guys, plz explain it to me.

In E, why 'they' can't refer to skills?

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New post 13 Jul 2015, 22:13
THEY doesn't refer SKILLS. THEY refers STUDENTS. Its a speciality of IF..THEN construction.
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New post 16 Sep 2015, 04:56
My understanding of pronouns in then clause of "If then construction" is: the pronoun always refer to the subject of if clause. In this case, subject is "students" so "they" refers to "students".

Is it correct?
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they


To have parallel structure, we need 'that' A, B C are out
'If recognized and applied' incorrectly modifies 'students'

E is the answer
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 22:57
Hi Experts/ chetan2u,

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

the correct sentence is-
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and that if students recognize and apply these skills, they will become more effective
thinkers.
Analysis 1

If we are paralleling with "THAT" which is highlighted in non underlined portion. Then it means quite illogical.

_____________________________________________________________
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions:

1) that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately
2) that if students recognize and apply these skills,

they will become more effective
thinkers.
_____________________________________________________________

If we look at 2nd part of the assumptions we have "these skills". but sentence prior to it.
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that if students recognize and apply these skills,
they will become more effective
thinkers.

We have nothing to refer to "these skills"

________________________________________________________________________

Analysis 2

I hope we must be trying to make it parallel with 2nd "That"

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and that if students recognize and apply these skills, they will become more effective
thinkers.

Now the sentence means-

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills

1) that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and
2) that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

will become more effective
thinkers.

Please share your opinion.

Thanks
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2016, 14:55
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

Here is how I solved

Testing:
1) Parallelism
2)structure

Step 1) Identify what needs to be parallel. We have two ideas so we need THAT x and THAT Y --> eliminate A/B/C

Step 2) If, Then construction is fine

Step 3) Notice in D -> recognized and applied --> What is recognized and applied? The students? Eliminate D

Arrive at E
Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2016, 14:55

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