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Current or Currently ?

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Current or Currently ? [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2013, 20:00
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I ran into a GMAT question, OG 13 - Q 72 , which distinguished between current and currently.

Can someone tell me the difference explicitly other than the fact that one is an adverb and the other is an adjective.


Ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas.
Ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas.

This is my understand, Please let me know whether I am wrong

In the second sentence, Currently is modifying temperate and not the areas.

Current temperate areas would mean - current and temperate are modifying areas. How has the meaning changed ?
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Re: Current or Currently ? [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2013, 07:18
goforsriram wrote:
I ran into a GMAT question, OG 13 - Q 72 , which distinguished between current and currently.

Can someone tell me the difference explicitly other than the fact that one is an adverb and the other is an adjective.


Ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas.
Ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas.

This is my understand, Please let me know whether I am wrong

In the second sentence, Currently is modifying temperate and not the areas.

Current temperate areas would mean - current and temperate are modifying areas. How has the meaning changed ?


Hi,

In the first sentence, "current and temperate are modifying areas". That means the existing areas are temperate.

In the second sentence, "Currently is modifying temperate". Grammatically, it is correct as we use adverb to modify an adjective to emphasize/intensify the degree of that adjective eg. extremely angry. However, "currently temperate" seems to make no sense in meaning to me.

because of currently meaning.

Hope this help.
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Re: Current or Currently ? [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2013, 12:33
goforsriram wrote:
I ran into a GMAT question, OG 13 - Q 72 , which distinguished between current and currently.

Can someone tell me the difference explicitly other than the fact that one is an adverb and the other is an adjective.


Ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas.
Ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas.

This is my understand, Please let me know whether I am wrong

In the second sentence, Currently is modifying temperate and not the areas.

Current temperate areas would mean - current and temperate are modifying areas. How has the meaning changed ?


The main difference is that currently is what is happening now : "X is currently eating Y" and current is what the global situation is "The current location of X is unknown"

I think you also have a difference in time periods. Currently should be dealing with actions that occur during a small period of time, and current should be dealing with actions that occur during long periods. This need to be confirm!

Do you see the subtitle difference?
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Re: Current or Currently ? [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2013, 02:55
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goforsriram wrote:
I ran into a GMAT question, OG 13 - Q 72 , which distinguished between current and currently.

Can someone tell me the difference explicitly other than the fact that one is an adverb and the other is an adjective.


Ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas.
Ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas.

This is my understand, Please let me know whether I am wrong

In the second sentence, Currently is modifying temperate and not the areas.

Current temperate areas would mean - current and temperate are modifying areas. How has the meaning changed?


Hi goforsriram,
Pertaining to your question of meaning change
S1] Ice sheets had existed in current (adj)temperate(adj) areas.
Areas [noun] is being modified by two adj (current and temperate) ;
now areas can be temperate (having a moderate/non-extreme climate) But how can areas be Current? So the meaning becomes distorted.

To convey the correct intent we need to change the adj. current into adverb currently .
Now the sentence will become Ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas.

Thus currently will modify the adj temperate and which in turn will modify Noun areas --> meaning of the sentence is that ice sheets previously (had existed) in areas which are now temperate (currently temperate)
This is a sentence with a clear meaning unlike the previous one.

Few things to remember:
Adjectives will modify nouns/noun phrases and pronouns
Adverbs will modify other adverbs, verbs and adjectives BUT NOT Nouns (currently cannot modify areas)
HTH
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Re: Current or Currently ?   [#permalink] 04 Nov 2013, 02:55
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