I ran into a GMAT question, OG 13
- Q 72 , which distinguished between current and currently.
Can someone tell me the difference explicitly other than the fact that one is an adverb and the other is an adjective.
Ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas.
Ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas.
This is my understand, Please let me know whether I am wrongIn the second sentence, Currently is modifying temperate and not the areas.Current temperate areas would mean - current and temperate are modifying areas. How has the meaning changed?
Pertaining to your question of meaning change
S1] Ice sheets had existed in current
Areas [noun] is being modified by two adj (current and temperate) ;
now areas can be temperate (having a moderate/non-extreme climate) But how can areas be Current? So the meaning becomes distorted.
To convey the correct intent we need to change the adj. current
into adverb currently
Now the sentence will become Ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas
will modify the adj temperate
and which in turn will modify Noun areas
--> meaning of the sentence is that ice sheets previously (had existed) in areas which are now temperate (currently temperate)
This is a sentence with a clear meaning unlike the previous one.Few things to remember:
Adjectives will modify nouns/noun phrases and pronouns
Adverbs will modify other adverbs, verbs and adjectives BUT NOT Nouns (currently cannot modify areas)
How to CHOOSE your Business School
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated
Rules for posting on the verbal forum
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources such as 1000 series.