Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest

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Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2008, 03:39
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Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest in Melonia show that last year the deforestation rate of this environmentally sensitive zone was significantly lower than in previous years. The Melonian government, which spent millions of dollars last year to enforce laws against burning and cutting of the forest, is claiming that the satellite data indicate that its increased efforts to halt the destruction are proving effective.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the governments claim?

(A) Landowner opposition to the governments antideforestation efforts grew more violent last year in response to the increased enforcement.

(B) Rainfall during the usually dry 6-month annual burning season was abnormally heavy last year.

(C) Government agents had to issue fines totaling over $9 million to 3,500 violators of burning-and-cutting regulations. (D) The inaccessibility of much of the rain forest has made it impossible to confirm the satellite data by direct observation from the field. (E) Much of the money that was designated last year for forest preservation has been spent on research and not on enforcement If you have any questions you can ask an expert New! Manager Joined: 16 Sep 2007 Posts: 215 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0 Re: CR : Melonia [#permalink] ### Show Tags 29 Apr 2008, 05:48 bhatiagp wrote: Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest in Melonia show that last year the deforestation rate of this environmentally sensitive zone was significantly lower than in previous years. The Melonian government, which spent millions of dollars last year to enforce laws against burning and cutting of the forest, is claiming that the satellite data indicate that its increased efforts to halt the destruction are proving effective. Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the governments claim? (A) Landowner opposition to the governments antideforestation efforts grew more violent last year in response to the increased enforcement. Eliminate A Nothing is stated about landowner violence (B) Rainfall during the usually dry 6-month annual burning season was abnormally heavy last year. Pass B Abnormally heavy rainfall is one plausible explanation of a healthier forest (C) Government agents had to issue fines totaling over$9 million to 3,500 violators of burning-and-cutting regulations.
Eliminate C government's effort is not a claim in dispute

(D) The inaccessibility of much of the rain forest has made it impossible to confirm the satellite data by direct observation from the field.
Eliminate D Difficulty to confirm does not negate the argument

(E) Much of the money that was designated last year for forest preservation has been spent on research and not on enforcement

Eliminate E Effectiveness of the campaign, not money allocation is being challenged
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29 Apr 2008, 06:53
bhatiagp wrote:
Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest in Melonia show that last year the deforestation rate of this environmentally sensitive zone was significantly lower than in previous years. The Melonian government, which spent millions of dollars last year to enforce laws against burning and cutting of the forest, is claiming that the satellite data indicate that its increased efforts to halt the destruction are proving effective.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the governments claim?

I was between B & D after I eliminated A, C, and E. I chose B.

Here's my breakdown:

Quote:
(A) Landowner opposition to the governments antideforestation efforts grew more violent last year in response to the increased enforcement.

The Gov't is claiming that it's laws helped to reduce deforestation, and landowner opposition really has nothing to do with deforestation.

Quote:
(B) Rainfall during the usually dry 6-month annual burning season was abnormally heavy last year.

This could explain why there was less deforestation: more rain would equal less opportunity to destroy forest. Hold on to B as possible answer.

Quote:
(C) Government agents had to issue fines totaling over \$9 million to 3,500 violators of burning-and-cutting regulations.

Gov't fines would help but this would be in support of the deforestation because this shows it was continuing, fines or not.

Quote:
(D) The inaccessibility of much of the rain forest has made it impossible to confirm the satellite data by direct observation from the field.

This would make sense for now, even though it is odd that satellite data can't not be true. Hold on to D for now.

Quote:
(E) Much of the money that was designated last year for forest preservation has been spent on research and not on enforcement

This has nothing to do with satellite views and actually contradicts the Gov't claim.

So you are left with B and D. Looking at the passage, B would most explain why deforestation wouldn't be able to occur and would undermine the view from the Gov't. Choice D wouldn't necessarily undermine the Gov't view because satellite data is reliable. Ground confirmation isn't necessary, thus weakening choice D.

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29 Apr 2008, 10:03
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29 Apr 2008, 10:10
Please post the questions in the right forum. CR questions need to be posted on the verbal forum. Thanks!
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29 Apr 2008, 15:52
B.
But can someone explain what is annual burning season? The rain too heavy you can't burn forest? Why do people want to burn rain forests anyway?
Re: CR : Melonia   [#permalink] 29 Apr 2008, 15:52
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# Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest

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