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Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the

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Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2013, 13:50
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Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

Which of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the machine-tool industry's raising the issue above regarding national security?

When the aircraft industries retooled, they provided a large amount of work for tool builders.

The Defense Department is only marginally concerned with the effects of foreign competition on the machine-tool industry.

The machine-tool industry encountered difficulty in obtaining governmental protection against imports on grounds other than defense.

A few weapons important for defense consist of parts that do not require extensive machining.

Several federal government programs have been designed which will enable domestic machine-tool manufacturing firms to compete successfully with foreign toolmakers.
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Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2013, 19:40
my take wud be C : The machine-tool industry encountered difficulty in obtaining governmental protection against imports on grounds other than defense.
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Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2013, 19:43
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Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the United States to wage a prolonged war would be seriously endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. Before the Defense Department publicly connected this security issue with the import quota issue, however, the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas.

Which of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the machine-tool industry's raising the issue above regarding national security?

When the aircraft industries retooled, they provided a large amount of work for tool builders.

The Defense Department is only marginally concerned with the effects of foreign competition on the machine-tool industry.

The machine-tool industry encountered difficulty in obtaining governmental protection against imports on grounds other than defense.

A few weapons important for defense consist of parts that do not require extensive machining.

Several federal government programs have been designed which will enable domestic machine-tool manufacturing firms to compete successfully with foreign toolmakers.


First, focus on what the argument is saying.
What happens when a govt does not establish import quotas for a particular good? The foreign competition might drive the local manufacturers out of the market. If you establish a quota (i.e. only a certain quantity can be imported), then the local manufacturer stays protected.
Defense Department worry that the ability to wage a prolonged war would be endangered if the machine-tool manufacturing base shrinks further. (because during war, imports may not be possible or too expensive - you need to manufacture your supplies within your borders)
Before the Defense Department the machine-tool industry raised the national security issue in its petition for import quotas. - now defense is not the concern of the smachine tool industry so there is something missing here, right? Why would they bring in the defense angle in its petition for import quotas. Most industries would use 'loss of livelihood'. 'closing down of factories'. 'quality concern' etc as reasons in their petition for import quota.

So the question is 'why did they use the defense angle?'


(A) When the aircraft industries retooled, they provided a large amount of work for tool builders.
Out of Scope

(B)The Defense Department is only marginally concerned with the effects of foreign competition on the machine-tool industry.
If the defense department is not very concerned with the effects of foreign competition on the machine tool industry, it would not help to bring national security (responsibility of the defense department) in the picture. Hence the fact that the defense department doesn't care much would not be a reason to bring in the national security issue. Anyway, we don't need to make the defense department care, we need to make the govt care.

(C) The machine-tool industry encountered difficulty in obtaining governmental protection against imports on grounds other than defense.
Right. So the machine tool industry tried many other things but they couldn't get govt protection on those grounds. That is why they brought in the defense angle - hoping for the govt protection on national security grounds. Now it makes sense why they would talk about defense. Answer (C)

(D) A few weapons important for defense consist of parts that do not require extensive machining.
Out of scope

(E) Several federal government programs have been designed which will enable domestic machine-tool manufacturing firms to compete successfully with foreign toolmakers.
Then the tool makers shouldn't ask for import quota at all.
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Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2013, 09:50
i think the concern here is..."why did the machine tool industry raised the issue, before the Defense department did"
If we say that way we could feel that it did so because it want to secure itself of any future blaim and moreover there is not proper understanding between both"
Hence the option C fits best

Consider Kudos if my post helps

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Re: Defense Department analysts worry that the ability of the   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2013, 09:50
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