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Delighted with the productivity increase for the last

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Delighted with the productivity increase for the last [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2012, 07:19
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Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

96% (01:25) correct 4% (00:38) wrong based on 46 sessions
1. Delighted with the productivity increase for the last quarter of the fiscal year, the staff were given a raise by the President of the company.

(A) the staff were given a raise by the President of the company.
(B) a raise was given to the staff by the President of the company.
(C) it was the decision of the President of the company to give a raise to the staff.
(D) the President of the company gave a raise to the staff.
(E) the staff was given a raise by the President of the Company.



[Reveal] Spoiler:
Notice that the sentence starts off in a MODIFIER: “Delighted with the productivity increase”, and that the underlined part is a ‘PASSIVE’ expression stating that the ‘staff WERE given a raise by the President”. First off, we notice that the underlined part has a ‘subject-verb’ form agreement problem. Secondly, the underlined part is not logically expressed in relation to the modifier used. Who was delighted with the productivity increase, and who could give a raise to the staff? It is the President. Therefore, the modifier should describe the PRESIDENT, not the staff. When we scan the options, the ONLY option that even starts off with ‘the PRESIDENT’ is option D. Choice E takes care of the ‘subject-verb’ agreement problem but is still illogical. We must pick option D.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Delighted with the productivity increase for the last quarte [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2012, 07:39
kingb wrote:
1. Delighted with the productivity increase for the last quarter of the fiscal year, the staff were given a raise by the President of the company.

(A) the staff were given a raise by the President of the company.
(B) a raise was given to the staff by the President of the company.
(C) it was the decision of the President of the company to give a raise to the staff.
(D) the President of the company gave a raise to the staff.
(E) the staff was given a raise by the President of the Company.



Ans D. The only choice in which modifier is touching the correct noun president.
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Re: Delighted with the productivity increase for the last [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 13:50
The modifier clearly refers to "President", and D is the option that the modified is right after the modifier.
Re: Delighted with the productivity increase for the last   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2013, 13:50
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