Demographers doing research for an international : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Demographers doing research for an international

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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2003
Posts: 261
Location: sydney
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Demographers doing research for an international  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2004, 21:31
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Demographers doing research for an international
economics newsletter claim that the average per
capita income in the country of Kuptala is sub-
stantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.
They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is
relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population
of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of
the demographersтАЩ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of
the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average
per capita incomes in the two countries
without making any attempt to discredit that
claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term тАЬpovertyтАЭ as though it
had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people
in the two countries who live in poverty could be the
same even though the percentages of the two
populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the
same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes
in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all
be very close to the countryтАЩs average per
capita income.

E and C are contenders, but why one is wrong and other is right.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Dec 2003
Posts: 366
Location: India
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20 Apr 2004, 02:29
mbamantra wrote:
Demographers doing research for an international
economics newsletter claim that the average per
capita income in the country of Kuptala is sub-
stantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton.
They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is
relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population
of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of
the demographersтАЩ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of
the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average
per capita incomes in the two countries
without making any attempt to discredit that
claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term тАЬpovertyтАЭ as though it
had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people
in the two countries who live in poverty could be the
same even though the percentages of the two
populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the
same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes
in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all
be very close to the countryтАЩs average per
capita income.

E and C are contenders, but why one is wrong and other is right.

It should be "E" then bcoz "C" stated "there should be consideration of percentage in palce of no of people" but it is wrong bcoz question stem uses the percentage itself.

Dharmin
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20 Apr 2004, 07:12
I thought an real world example would help to clear the doubt.

In US, Bill gates' wealth is more than the sum of the bottom 100 Million
peoples wealth. When you take average on the popluation, every one is
wealthy. Are they really wealthy ? That is why statiscians go for median
rathen than mean!
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4302
Followers: 40

Kudos [?]: 429 [0], given: 0

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20 Apr 2004, 07:32
I thought an real world example would help to clear the doubt.

In US, Bill gates' wealth is more than the sum of the bottom 100 Million
peoples wealth. When you take average on the popluation, every one is
wealthy. Are they really wealthy ? That is why statiscians go for median
rathen than mean!

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Paul

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Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1793
Location: NewJersey USA
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20 Apr 2004, 08:47
Add Enron and MCI executives to the list.

One more vote for E.
20 Apr 2004, 08:47
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