Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not

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Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 13:49
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Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with interdependent economies.

A. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with
B. do not divide urban or suburban areas into individual cities and towns, which are separated by political boundaries, but instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprise multiple cities and towns having
C. do not divide urban and suburban areas into individual cities and towns, separated according to political boundaries, but instead group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which having multiple cities and towns with
D. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns that are separated by political boundaries, and instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each comprising multiple cities and towns that have
E. divide urban or suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separating them according to political boundaries; instead, they group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each made up of multiple cities and towns having
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by reto on 06 Jul 2015, 07:30, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 14:18
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Mountain14 wrote:
Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with interdependent economies.

a. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with
b. do not divide urban or suburban areas into individual cities and towns, which are separated by political boundaries, but instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprise multiple cities and towns having
c. do not divide urban and suburban areas into individual cities and towns, separated according to political boundaries, but instead group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which having multiple cities and towns with
d. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns that are separated by political boundaries, and instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each comprising multiple cities and towns that have
e. divide urban or suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separating them according to political boundaries; instead, they group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each made up of multiple cities and towns having

hi,

a. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with===>correct ===>correct use of not x ,but y

b. do not divide urban or suburban areas into individual cities and towns, which are separated by political boundaries, but instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprise multiple cities and towns having
==>incorrect use of not x ,but y///////which is ambiguous==>can modify towns or cities and towns both..hence ambiguous///////having is modfying only town...but according to meaning both cities and towns are supposed to be modified

c. do not divide urban and suburban areas into individual cities and towns, separated according to political boundaries, but instead group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which having multiple cities and towns with
===>having changes the meaning.

d. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns that are separated by political boundaries, and instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each comprising multiple cities and towns that have
==>incorrect use of not x ,but y////////use of that is wrong.../////use of AND is wrong///// again use of that is ambiguous

e. divide urban or suburban areas[color=#ff0000] not into individual cities and towns, separating them according to political boundaries; instead, they group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each made up of multiple cities and towns having

===>[color=#ff0000]incorrect use of not x ,but y/////separating is modifying the previous clause rather than cities and towns////use of having is ambiguous.

hope it helps
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 14:19
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Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with interdependent economies.

a. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with
Correct.
Parallelism + good idiom: divide X not into Y, but into Z.

b. do not divide urban or suburban areas into individual cities and towns, which are separated by political boundaries, but instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprise multiple cities and towns having
Wrong.
(1) "but + instead" is wrong. The correct phrase is "and instead". For example: X did not do Y, and instead did Z.
(2) "but instead" is redundant: The correct ones are: "do not divide X into Y, but into Z"

c. do not divide urban and suburban areas into individual cities and towns, separated according to political boundaries, but instead group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which having multiple cities and towns with
Wrong.
(1) "but + instead" is wrong. The correct phrase is "and instead". For example: X did not do Y, and instead did Z.
(2) "each of which having" is wrong ==> we need verb after "which"

d. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns that are separated by political boundaries, and instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each comprising multiple cities and towns that have
Wrong.
Not parallel: "not into X, and instead into Y" is not grammatical. The correct idiom: "not into X, but into Y".

e. divide urban or suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separating them according to political boundaries; instead, they group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each made up of multiple cities and towns having
Wrong.
(1) Wrong modifier: "separating" seems to modify Demographers ==> The meaning is changed.
(2) The second sentence cannot stand alone ==> the usage of ";" is wrong.
(3) Not parallel: divide X not into Y; instead they group..... => not parallelism.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 14:25
Thanks Shailesh and Pqhai....

I got confused with "Separated"after comma...

+1
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 22:04
pqhai wrote:
Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with interdependent economies.

a. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with
Correct.
Parallelism + good idiom: divide X not into Y, but into Z.

b. do not divide urban or suburban areas into individual cities and towns, which are separated by political boundaries, but instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprise multiple cities and towns having
Wrong.
(1) "but + instead" is wrong. The correct phrase is "and instead". For example: X did not do Y, and instead did Z.
(2) "but instead" is redundant: The correct ones are: "do not divide X into Y, but into Z"

c. do not divide urban and suburban areas into individual cities and towns, separated according to political boundaries, but instead group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which having multiple cities and towns with
Wrong.
(1) "but + instead" is wrong. The correct phrase is "and instead". For example: X did not do Y, and instead did Z.
(2) "each of which having" is wrong ==> we need verb after "which"

d. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns that are separated by political boundaries, and instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each comprising multiple cities and towns that have
Wrong.
Not parallel: "not into X, and instead into Y" is not grammatical. The correct idiom: "not into X, but into Y".

e. divide urban or suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separating them according to political boundaries; instead, they group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each made up of multiple cities and towns having
Wrong.
(1) Wrong modifier: "separating" seems to modify Demographers ==> The meaning is changed.
(2) The second sentence cannot stand alone ==> the usage of ";" is wrong.
(3) Not parallel: divide X not into Y; instead they group..... => not parallelism.

Hope it helps.

Hi,
That was a nice explanation!!
Still i have one query. Would the option A be correct if it were "or" instead of "and" in "urban and suburban areas". Or would the meaning of the Sentence change if we use "or" instead of "and"

Thank You
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 23:22
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sharmaprashant19 wrote:
pqhai wrote:
Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with interdependent economies.

a. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separated by political boundaries, but into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprises multiple cities and towns with
Correct.
Parallelism + good idiom: divide X not into Y, but into Z.

b. do not divide urban or suburban areas into individual cities and towns, which are separated by political boundaries, but instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which comprise multiple cities and towns having
Wrong.
(1) "but + instead" is wrong. The correct phrase is "and instead". For example: X did not do Y, and instead did Z.
(2) "but instead" is redundant: The correct ones are: "do not divide X into Y, but into Z"

c. do not divide urban and suburban areas into individual cities and towns, separated according to political boundaries, but instead group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each of which having multiple cities and towns with
Wrong.
(1) "but + instead" is wrong. The correct phrase is "and instead". For example: X did not do Y, and instead did Z.
(2) "each of which having" is wrong ==> we need verb after "which"

d. divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns that are separated by political boundaries, and instead into "metropolitan statistical areas," each comprising multiple cities and towns that have
Wrong.
Not parallel: "not into X, and instead into Y" is not grammatical. The correct idiom: "not into X, but into Y".

e. divide urban or suburban areas not into individual cities and towns, separating them according to political boundaries; instead, they group them into "metropolitan statistical areas," each made up of multiple cities and towns having
Wrong.
(1) Wrong modifier: "separating" seems to modify Demographers ==> The meaning is changed.
(2) The second sentence cannot stand alone ==> the usage of ";" is wrong.
(3) Not parallel: divide X not into Y; instead they group..... => not parallelism.

Hope it helps.

Hi,
That was a nice explanation!!
Still i have one query. Would the option A be correct if it were "or" instead of "and" in "urban and suburban areas". Or would the meaning of the Sentence change if we use "or" instead of "and"

Thank You

Hi sharmaprashant19

We cannot replace "and" by "or". It will change the intended meaning. The intended meaning is:

Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not into individual cities and towns...............

You can see the blue parts are parallel (urban areas vs individual cities) and the red parts are parallel too (suburban areas vs towns). Thus, we cannot use "or".

Hope it helps you a bit.
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2013, 03:04
Got this one wrong since i was looking for the idiom "comprised of" only to realize later that comprises is equally correct.
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2014, 16:00
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2015, 06:15
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Re: Demographers generally divide urban and suburban areas not   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2015, 06:15
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