The Main Difference between Although and Despite/In spite of is that although is used before the full sentence whereas you can not use Despite/In spite of[/b] before the full sentence unless you add the fact
There is another criteria for selection of Although/Despite, which I learned from one of my strategy books. however The same has not confirmed by trusted grammar websites and I also found some exceptions to this rule. I usually applies it when rest of the sentence is grammatically correct, concise, and the only difference is of Although and Despite/In spite of
Here is that Rule
ALTHOUGH is used to express a positive outcome in the face of a negative quality.
EXAMPLE : Although it was raining (Negative Circumstance), we went to the movies (Positive Outcome).
DESPITE or INSPITE OF is used to express a negative outcome in the face of a positive quality.
EXAMPLE : Despite the fact that we started early (Positive Circumstance), we arrived at the destination very late. (Negative Outcome)
Despite all their talk about pollution control (Positive Circumstance), large organisations have so far done very little to control ecological damage (Negative Outcome)
Hope that Helps!
Although can be followed either by a clause
or by a phrase
OGVR2 SC Q#36
the correct answer choice (E):
- Although eradicated in the United States, polio continues elsewhere and could be
followed be a verb phrase and not by a clause
OG13 SC Q#132
the correct answer choice (B):
- Although heirloom tomatoes
, [modifier [grown from seeds saved during the previous year]], appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins
followed be a dependent clause
According to GMAT Although can be followed by either a clause or a phrase