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# Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of

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Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 08:29
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17. Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 21 Sep 2013, 04:25, edited 1 time in total.
OA added
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Re: KAPLAN SC 3 [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 09:49
got to be b/w A and D..
IMO D..
OA plz
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Re: KAPLAN SC 3 [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 10:28
khaadu wrote:
got to be b/w A and D..
IMO D..
OA plz

OA is D...Please explain.... ".................who request that it return the " does this make sense?
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Re: KAPLAN SC 3 [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 11:05
The Answer is D for sure....
Because The word Request must use Subjunctive Mood...
For Subjunctive mood -->
--> Verb+to should not come.
--> "Should " should not come.
--> Verb+s should not come.

(A) requesting that it should ::wrong
(B) requesting them to ::wrong
(C) and its request to ::wrong
(D) who request that it ::Correct
(E) who request them to ::wrong

There it goes.....
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Re: KAPLAN SC 3 [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 18:13
I said (B) because I thought "them" would refer to the Greek authorities.

I was torn between (B) and (E) though. Would like a good explanation...
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Re: KAPLAN SC 3 [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 18:59
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This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'

The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped
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Re: KAPLAN SC 3 [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2012, 04:03
Despite forceful legal pleas for X, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.

(A) requesting that it should

(D) who request that it

Basically its the question of command subjunctive. furthermore in A "requesting" is correctly modifying the greek guys.

D is correct because of correct command subjunctive Construction.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2014, 11:02
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 06:41
ChrisLele wrote:
This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'

The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped

Sorry but I am not clear on how this is pointing back to British mueseum and implying that it is the British museum which is requesting. The closest antecedent is Greek authorities along with the conjunction 'and' - doesn't this imply Greek authorities ?
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 09:02
Also, something to note in this questions is the "return" part, that is in plural form, Don't you think it should be "returns" and it is referring back to the "British museum" ???
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 11:24
Return refers to Greek authorities.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 13:44
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Thanks for your response, my apologies on asking further questions

But the Greek Authorities are not returning the Marbles, the verb "return" would be undertaken by the British Museum

That is, it is the British Museum that is expected to return the marbles??

Please advise
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 20:11
ChrisLele wrote:
This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'

The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped

thanks a lot for the wonderful explanation...
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 21:02
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Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..
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Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 21:07
Tmoni26 wrote:
Also, something to note in this questions is the "return" part, that is in plural form, Don't you think it should be "returns" and it is referring back to the "British museum" ???

hi Tmoni26,
you are correct that return refers to singular 'the british museum' and returns should normally be used...
but in normal sentences.... not in subjunctive mood...
in subjunctive mood, where it is recommendation, request, argue etc the basic form of verb is used, the basic form is without any suffix like ing ,s, etc..

hope it was clear
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2015, 01:35
Tmoni26 wrote:
Thanks for your response, my apologies on asking further questions

But the Greek Authorities are not returning the Marbles, the verb "return" would be undertaken by the British Museum

That is, it is the British Museum that is expected to return the marbles??

Please advise

Tmoni26, sorry. I confused return and request words. You are right. It refers to the museum. However, thin sentence was used in subjunctive mood. You can read about it from manhattan guide or google it. In short subjunctive mood is created like this : verb + that + verb. In the second verb we never use -s or -es.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2015, 08:55
Thanks a lot, for the response

Gosh, SC is like a slippery eel, always one more rule to knock one off...
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2015, 10:48
ChrisLele wrote:
This question hinges on two things:

1) Who is doing the requesting?
2) What is the idiomatic form of 'requesting'

The answer to 1) is the Greek authorities - they want the British Museum return the Elgin marbles. So we need an answer choice that clearly shows this relationship. Based on this information let's eliminate.

A) requesting that

This answer suggests that the British are doing the requesting. Notice that the subject of the main clause is 'British museum.' The verb phrase "continue to rebuff" refers to British Museum. So when you place the gerund 'requesting' it refers back to British Museum, which is clearly wrong.

B) requesting them

This answer choice makes a similar error with the use of 'requesting.' Also, British Museum, the one who should return the Elgin marbles, is a singular entity and thus requires 'it' not 'them.'

C) its request

Here we are implying that the British museum is doing the requesting

For point 2) we want the construction, "request that..." This is an example of the subjunctive voice, which is a person/thing is desiring something. Typically words in this tense, such as request, require the use of 'that.'

With this knowledge, we can clearly get rid of (E) who request them to.

Notice that (E) also use 'them' when it should be using 'it'.

Therefore the answer is (D) who request that it. Note that the 'who' clearly modifies Greek authorities (remember the touch rule).

Hope that helped

Thanks for the very brief explanation.
i think not knowing the dictionary meaning of word 'rebuff' took a toll on me.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rebuff
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2015, 02:14
chetan2u wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..

Hi Chetan,
Kindly elaborate more on the highlighted portion of your reply.
I am under an impression that when used without comma, verb+ing modifies the preceding Noun instead of the subject of preceding clause.

Thank you.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2015, 10:39
aniteshgmat1101 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of expropriated cultural artifacts to the place of their origin, the British Museum continues to rebuff the Greek authorities requesting that it should return the Parthenon marbles removed from the Acropolis by Lord Elgin in 1806.
(A) requesting that it should
(B) requesting them to
(C) and its request to
(D) who request that it
(E) who request them to

hi smartyguy,
firstly lets look at what this question tests and what likely errors can be there,
1) it is using the subjunctive mood so 'that'(preferrable) and basic form('return' is already in non underlined portion) of verb is required.
2) rebuff requires a noun as a recipient.. that is either the greek authorities was rebuffed or the greek authorities request was rebuffed , so we cannot have an 'ing' form.. Also the construction of sentence is such that requesting refers back to british museum...
3)pronoun error is very common on GMAT.. british museum requires singular 'it'..
lets look at the choices..
(A) requesting that it should
requesting refers here to the british museum and not to intended greek authorities.... had it been 'request that it should' would have been correct since refers to 'the greek authorities request'...
(B) requesting them to
same as A... plus pronoun error , also absence
(C) and its request to
this means that the british museum rebuffed 'authorities' and also 'its request', a meaning that is not intended in original ...
(D) who request that it
correct... who refers back correctly to greek authorities...
(E) who request them to
pronoun error..'them' is wrong.. that is preferrable..

Hi Chetan,
Kindly elaborate more on the highlighted portion of your reply.
I am under an impression that when used without comma, verb+ing modifies the preceding Noun instead of the subject of preceding clause.

Thank you.

Yes. It refers to Greek Authorities.
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Re: Despite forceful legal pleas for the restitution of   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2015, 10:39

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