Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC) - Page 2
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# Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law

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Re: SC:Despite the increasing number of women [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2011, 18:12
Bingo C. (1m 7s)

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

Judges and partners correctly refer to Women and 'proportion' is singular..
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Re: SC:Despite the increasing number of women [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2011, 11:41
+1 C

D cannot be the answer because "yet" subordinates the clause. In this sense, you have two subordinate clauses ("despite the increasing...", and "yet the proportion of..."), but you don't have a main clause. You always need a main clause in a sentence.
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Re: SC:Despite the increasing number of women [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2011, 04:25
Solution

1) Concision preferred; prefer Adverb (comparably) over prepositional phrase (to a comparable extent). so A & D are out
2) Also, note that has is required instead of have, since ‘proportion’ is singular. so A & B are ruled out
3) Lastly, we could have chosen option D; because it reduces the wordiness by changing noun clause (who are women) ==> noun Adjective i.e. noun that act as adjective for noun they are attached with (in this case Women Judge). But this option is wrong, because ts starts with ‘yet’ with ‘despite’ at beginning of sentence, ‘yet’ is redundant. so D & E are out

Thus, C is correct. Although best answer could have been D if there was no 'yet' in the start
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Re: SC:Despite the increasing number of women [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2011, 07:00
1
KUDOS
The issue here is not the right answer but the outlook of GMAC. We thought that the grammar of the relative pronouns’ obedience to the 'noun - touch' rule is an important one, rather even an inexorable one. But in this issue, OG has made it clear that grammar is compromisable to context.

The question is now whether how far can we go by such a blatant flexibility of OG? The irony is that even this may change tomorrow. But that is GMAT for you, the big boss.
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30 Oct 2011, 14:08
Yeah, correct with C

B has agreement problem, and D has structure problem(despite...yet...)

Although C seems redundant, it at least has no grammatical error
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30 Oct 2011, 20:21
I got B.. Still not able to understand why C
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Re: SC:Despite the increasing number of women [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2011, 21:54
papillon86 wrote:
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

And also explain wy the remianing options are incorrect.

Thanks

Going with C. "Despite" is already present in 1st clause, hence "yet" is not requried in successive clause. Eliminate D and E. A and B distort meaning of the sentence. C wins.
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31 Oct 2011, 01:34
Ans- C

"The Proportion of Judges and Partners" requires "has" and not "have". Hence option A,B are out.
Using "Yet" along with "Despite" is reduntant & .Hence option D,E are out.

The correct option is C.
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31 Oct 2011, 02:19
In choice C, the relative pronoun who is modifying law firms. How does that make the answer correct?
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01 Nov 2011, 17:01
I was confused on to a comparable to comparably, c or d. it should be C, yet is redundant.
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03 Dec 2011, 23:34
C ..because proportion demand singular verb and Yet is redundant other choice.
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06 Dec 2012, 02:20
Hi everyone,

I picked B

I think the main verb should agree with the object of the preposition. "Have" is suitable for "judges and partners"

C: out because of "has"
D and E: out because of "yet"
A: Wordy and out because of "who are women"
B is concise

I found the sentence "an increasing proportion of women are attaining higher education" on the gao.gov

However, I am not sure about the correct usage of "proportion" in GMAT. Could someone give an expert opinion?

Thanks,
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15 Apr 2013, 23:38
According to me the concept behind the answer choice C is that:

When you have the subject as 'totality' in itself, then the verb is always singular.

Eg 1: The majority of the students in this class are hard workers.

Eg 2: In the senate, the majority has coalesced into a unified voting block.

Hence the correct answer, in this question - the proportion is - the subject which is in itself the totality.

Hence the correct answer is C.

Options D and E, are out of the box because of using redundant words.

Hence the correct answer is C.

Hope this helps.
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16 Apr 2013, 00:00
C is correct.

Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent
Wrong. "The proportion...........have.............."

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably
Wrong. "The proportion...........have.............."

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
Correct. "the proportion................has ................."

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent
Wrong. Despite never comes with "yet" or "but'.

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
Wrong. Despite never comes with "yet" or "but'.

Hope it helps.
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16 Apr 2013, 02:32
pqhai wrote:
C is correct.

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
Correct. "the proportion................has ................."

I would like to reinforce the concept of noun modifiers modifying slightly far away noun. Relative clause " who are women" modifying the noun phrase - "judges and partners at major law firms" correctly.
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08 May 2013, 10:10
Can anyone please explain me how to rule out option E over C ?
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16 May 2013, 02:31
veenu08 wrote:
Can anyone please explain me how to rule out option E over C ?

Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

A and B can be ruled out due to "have" as proprotion is a singular term

If we use yet, then despite and yet become redundant, hence options D and E can be ruled out ...
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16 May 2013, 09:23
Has to be C.

The proportion.... has....

(eliminate everything with have since proportion is singular)

Also keep in mind that "at major law firms" is a prepositional phrase and therefore doesn't necessarily mess up subject-verb agreement as if it were a clause.
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31 Aug 2013, 23:18
As my doubt has not been answered in the previous posts, I am posting the same here.

As per MGMAT SC Guide, when we look at SV agreement we avoid the modifiers generally(Subordinate Clauses/ING/ED/OF).

However , when the subject is Quantity/fractions/SANAM(some-any-none-all-more/most) , we see the OF-CONSTRUCTION to decide on the verb.

So, in this question as the subject is "Proportion" we have to see the OF-construction which is PLURAL .
So Why Option(B). is not correct.

By solving this question I have realized that there is a deviation in MGMAT SC guide from what GMAC thinks.

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03 Sep 2013, 09:30
TGC wrote:
As my doubt has not been answered in the previous posts, I am posting the same here.

As per MGMAT SC Guide, when we look at SV agreement we avoid the modifiers generally(Subordinate Clauses/ING/ED/OF).

However , when the subject is Quantity/fractions/SANAM(some-any-none-all-more/most) , we see the OF-CONSTRUCTION to decide on the verb.

So, in this question as the subject is "Proportion" we have to see the OF-construction which is PLURAL .
So Why Option(B). is not correct.

By solving this question I have realized that there is a deviation in MGMAT SC guide from what GMAC thinks.

Rgds,
TGC !

I do not think there is a conflict here in the sentence.

Try to think of it as a simple sentence. For example:

The proportion of students who have passed has not increased. Here sanam pronoun is properly being used so have correctly agrees with students, But proportion should be singular.
or
the proportion of students have/has not increased.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law   [#permalink] 03 Sep 2013, 09:30

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