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Developed countries around the world have ...

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Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
Posts: 513
Location: United States (FL)
Schools: UFL (A)
GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35
GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
GPA: 3.45
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 225 [1] , given: 629

Developed countries around the world have ... [#permalink] New post 03 Oct 2013, 07:11
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Question Stats:

32% (02:41) correct 68% (01:37) wrong based on 140 sessions
Developed countries around the world have pledged to reduce global carbon emissions to half their 1990 levels by 2050.
Taking into account these countries' plans for emissions reduction, countries in the developing world would need to cut
emissions by 23%. However, this goal will translate into a much greater per-capita requirement on people in the developing world. This is because their populations are still growing, increasing the energy and resources needed in coming years.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Industrial plants are one of the prime targets for emissions reductions, and most global industrial production
takes place in developed nations.
(B) On a per-capita basis, emissions from countries in the developing world are less than one-tenth those from
developed countries.
(C) A handful of developing nations committed to emissions reduction targets equal or greater than those of developed nations.
(D) In developing nations, emissions levels are more heavily dependent on the activities of a small ruling class.
(E) By 2050, many countries in the developing world are expected to have undergone drastic economic
transformation such that they will resemble more closely developed nations than developing ones.

Source: GMAT Hacks - 071613
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by avohden on 06 Oct 2013, 06:46, edited 2 times in total.
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Director
Director
User avatar
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
Posts: 513
Location: United States (FL)
Schools: UFL (A)
GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35
GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
GPA: 3.45
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 629

Re: Developed countries around the world have ... [#permalink] New post 03 Oct 2013, 07:17
Official Explanation

Answer: B This is a strengthen question. It is similar, however, to an explanation, as the argument contains an
apparent paradox. Developed countries will cut emissions by 50%, developing countries by 23%, but the 23% cuts
will be more demanding on a per-capita basis. The evidence given is that developing countries will need more
resources to continue growing. Presumably, developed nations will not need their resource consumption to
grow at the same rate. Consider each choice:

(A) This choice describes one target of emissions cuts, but in developed nations. It doesn't explain why developing
nations will be hit harder. (B) This is correct. If emissions in developing countries start at so low a point, they
would need to grow very rapidly to get anywhere close to the level of developed nations. As the resource
demands in those countries grow, any cut at all--let alone 23%--in emissions would be a great burden. (C) This choice distinguishes some developing nations from other developing nations. The contrast we're concerned with is
developing vs. developed nations. (D) This may be true, but it doesn't tell us why emissions cuts would be so much
more harmful. If anything, it may mean the cuts would be less harmful, as they would disproportionately touch the
ruling class. (E) This is something that is partly assumed by the argument, but without additional information
(in the form of details regarding emissions levels, as in (B)) it doesn't strengthen the argument.
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Re: Developed countries around the world have ...   [#permalink] 03 Oct 2013, 07:17
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