Difference between a surmise and an asumption? : GMAT Verbal Section
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# Difference between a surmise and an asumption?

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Manager
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Difference between a surmise and an asumption? [#permalink]

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18 May 2006, 11:08
I can't figure out what's the difference between a surmise and an assumption. Some books state that surmise is a statement explicitly stated in the passage whereas assumption is never stated and one has to read between lines to find an assumption.

Is the above-mentioned distinction between surmise and assumption correct, or am I missing something?
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Manager
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18 May 2006, 13:07
Director
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20 May 2006, 01:27
I believe Surmise and Assumption are synonyms - both mean 'a result arrived at after considering available (sometimes incomplete) evidence'.

Although this may not directly lead you to your answer, I checked the Thesaurus to make sure, and here are the results -

Synonyms: assumption, attempt, conjecture, deduction, guess, guesstimate*, guesswork, hunch, hypothesis, idea, inference, notion, opinion, possibility, presumption, shot, sneaking suspicion*, speculation, stab, supposition, suspicion, theory, thought

Antonyms: calculation, knowledge, measurement
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20 May 2006, 09:48
I believe Surmise and Assumption are synonyms - both mean 'a result arrived at after considering available (sometimes incomplete) evidence'.

Although this may not directly lead you to your answer, I checked the Thesaurus to make sure, and here are the results -

Synonyms: assumption, attempt, conjecture, deduction, guess, guesstimate*, guesswork, hunch, hypothesis, idea, inference, notion, opinion, possibility, presumption, shot, sneaking suspicion*, speculation, stab, supposition, suspicion, theory, thought

Antonyms: calculation, knowledge, measurement

Thanks a lot! I recently saw a GMAT question that asked me to pick the best surmise and I opted for the option that had the premise! One more way ETS/GMAT stumps you as you need to understand the meaning of a surmise to get the correct answer!

By the way, can you let me know what's the difference between a presumption and an assumption?
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20 May 2006, 16:09

http://www.uhv.edu/ac/student/writing/g ... 092005.htm

basically presume indicates a sense of audacity while assume puts you more on the defensive end...
20 May 2006, 16:09
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