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Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another

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Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 09:20
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Question Stats:

49% (01:49) correct 51% (00:50) wrong based on 235 sessions
Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another
century, but financially strained townships point out
that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining
paved roads.

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining
paved roads
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as
paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as
paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it
does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as
for paved roads
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by imania on 18 Oct 2010, 11:53, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 10:24
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"Hi mate!
Excellent question, thank you!
Hmm... But have you managed to tag your question appropriately?
As I see you did not tag neither the source or type of the question. Please tag it - it will help many test takers after you.
In addition, please make sure you post the official answer(s).

Please underline the sentence!

If you have further questions, please refer this thread for more details: tagging-questions-102752.html/

We can change the World making it better, let's start from this website

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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 11:57
Pkit wrote:
"Hi mate!
Excellent question, thank you!
Hmm... But have you managed to tag your question appropriately?
As I see you did not tag neither the source or type of the question. Please tag it - it will help many test takers after you.
In addition, please make sure you post the official answer(s).

Please underline the sentence!

If you have further questions, please refer this thread for more details: tagging-questions-102752.html/

We can change the World making it better, let's start from this website

Thanks!
Pkit
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Sorry for inconvenience I had caused :)
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 16:18
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Formatting issues aside, I've always loved this question as a great example of a comparison error.

When a comparison is drawn on a sentence correction question, two major themes should jump out at you:

1) The two things compared must be compared in equivalent form.

Here, we could compare:

Dirt roads to paved roads
Maintaining dirt roads to maintaining dirt roads

But comparing "the cost of maintaining dirt roads" to "paved roads" is incorrect - one is a cost, and the other is a road...they could never be alike!

Make sure that, when a comparison is drawn, you check to ensure that the two items are in equivalent form. I like to envision a balance scale from chemistry class as a mental picture. If I'm weighing a substance in a petri dish I must account for the weight of the dish on the other side of the balance! Similarly, if I'm comparing a cost of one item, I have to make sure I compare it directly to the cost of the other.


2) Comparison idioms should be in the right form.

This one doesn't have a mistake, but you should get in the habit of seeing:

"As Many As" or "As Much As" ---> Equality
"So Many That" or "So Much That" ---> Critical Mass (e.g. "there is so much pollution in the air that we can't go outside")
"More Than" or "Less Than" ---> Inequality

An easy way for the testmakers to write a wrong-but-tricky answer is to criss-cross these idioms (e.g. "As many that" or "More...as")


In this case, the comparisons are all off but one:

A) Dirt roads cost vs. Maintaining paved roads
B) Dirt roads cost vs. paved roads do ("do" takes the place of "cost") ---> CORRECT!
C) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. paved roads cost
D) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. it does
E) To maintain dirt roads vs. for paved roads


Only B puts each element in the same form, so B is a correct comparison while the others miss the mark.
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 22:34
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Why no one gives me Kudo :) for this question I posted ???????
I'm just kidding...
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 22:49
I share your sentiment Imania. I gave you a KUDOS. I feel people don't respect the pain others take to post a good question. the first instinct is to give KUDOS to an explanation which is weird because without the great question there would be no great explanations.
Well, thats unfair but so is the world :).
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 23:07
hemanthp wrote:
I share your sentiment Imania. I gave you a KUDOS. I feel people don't respect the pain others take to post a good question. the first instinct is to give KUDOS to an explanation which is weird because without the great question there would be no great explanations.
Well, thats unfair but so is the world :).


thank you hemanthp, giving Kudos might motivate guys to post better questions. However, I'm obsessed with my own GMAT exam coming in 3weeks, thus don't care much about these sort of stuff.

what's happening in this forum and most probably in the world is:
RICH GETs RICHER...

This is the best forum I've ever seen though.
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2010, 23:16
hemanthp wrote:
I share your sentiment Imania. I gave you a KUDOS. I feel people don't respect the pain others take to post a good question. the first instinct is to give KUDOS to an explanation which is weird because without the great question there would be no great explanations.
Well, thats unfair but so is the world :).


LOL ))

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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2011, 11:25
Quote:
Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads


I chose D initially. However, I think B is the correct answer because it is cleaner (i.e. less clunky) and is one-word more concise than D. Otherwise, D is grammatically correct.

'maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it (the act of maintaining) does (costs) for paved roads.'
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Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2011, 13:55
Great question. It took me 56seconds to figure our the right answer. But thanks for posting it. I gave you kudos for it. :)
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Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2011, 16:34
OK, thank Brian, you get another kudos
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Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2012, 04:01
Thanks for this question Guys!!!
I still cant choose between B and C...
Can somebody help me :? :? :?
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Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2012, 23:39
I picked option D. When I dug in more, I realized that option D has an "it". "It" refers to its antecedent "maintaining dirt roads" which is a noun phrase. So, if I replace the pronoun with a noun phrase the sentence looses its meaning => maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as maintaining dirt roads does for paved roads. However, the sentence is grammatically okay.

Please correct me if I'm wrong.
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2013, 21:49
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
Formatting issues aside, I've always loved this question as a great example of a comparison error.

When a comparison is drawn on a sentence correction question, two major themes should jump out at you:

1) The two things compared must be compared in equivalent form.

Here, we could compare:

Dirt roads to paved roads
Maintaining dirt roads to maintaining dirt roads

But comparing "the cost of maintaining dirt roads" to "paved roads" is incorrect - one is a cost, and the other is a road...they could never be alike!

Make sure that, when a comparison is drawn, you check to ensure that the two items are in equivalent form. I like to envision a balance scale from chemistry class as a mental picture. If I'm weighing a substance in a petri dish I must account for the weight of the dish on the other side of the balance! Similarly, if I'm comparing a cost of one item, I have to make sure I compare it directly to the cost of the other.


2) Comparison idioms should be in the right form.

This one doesn't have a mistake, but you should get in the habit of seeing:

"As Many As" or "As Much As" ---> Equality
"So Many That" or "So Much That" ---> Critical Mass (e.g. "there is so much pollution in the air that we can't go outside")
"More Than" or "Less Than" ---> Inequality

An easy way for the testmakers to write a wrong-but-tricky answer is to criss-cross these idioms (e.g. "As many that" or "More...as")


In this case, the comparisons are all off but one:

A) Dirt roads cost vs. Maintaining paved roads
B) Dirt roads cost vs. paved roads do ("do" takes the place of "cost") ---> CORRECT!
C) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. paved roads cost
D) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. it does
E) To maintain dirt roads vs. for paved roads


Only B puts each element in the same form, so B is a correct comparison while the others miss the mark.



Hi Brian,

Isn't their a subject-verb disagreement in C, D, and E.
roads - costs
This can also be used to eliminate these these choices.

KR,
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2013, 23:58
Quote:
Hi Brian,

Isn't their a subject-verb disagreement in C, D, and E.
roads - costs
This can also be used to eliminate these these choices.

KR,


There is no subject/verb disagreement in C, D and E. These three choices have adverbial phrases which modify the verb "costs", so "maintaining dirt roads" phrase translates to something like "the act (singular) of maintaining dirt roads..." + costs (singular verb).
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Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 06 May 2013, 19:58
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anilisanil wrote:
Why is D wrong? I chose D.


Hi anilisani:

I guess you picked D because you thought "it" refers to "maintaining", is that correct? Let replace "it" by "maintaining", so D will be:

(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as maintaining does for paved roads

You can see the structure is not parallel. "maintaining X costs twice as much as maintaining does for Y" ==> D may be correct if its structure is "maintaining X costs twice as much as maintaining Y does"

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2014, 20:15
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
Formatting issues aside, I've always loved this question as a great example of a comparison error.

When a comparison is drawn on a sentence correction question, two major themes should jump out at you:

1) The two things compared must be compared in equivalent form.

Here, we could compare:

Dirt roads to paved roads
Maintaining dirt roads to maintaining dirt roads

But comparing "the cost of maintaining dirt roads" to "paved roads" is incorrect - one is a cost, and the other is a road...they could never be alike!

Make sure that, when a comparison is drawn, you check to ensure that the two items are in equivalent form. I like to envision a balance scale from chemistry class as a mental picture. If I'm weighing a substance in a petri dish I must account for the weight of the dish on the other side of the balance! Similarly, if I'm comparing a cost of one item, I have to make sure I compare it directly to the cost of the other.


2) Comparison idioms should be in the right form.

This one doesn't have a mistake, but you should get in the habit of seeing:

"As Many As" or "As Much As" ---> Equality
"So Many That" or "So Much That" ---> Critical Mass (e.g. "there is so much pollution in the air that we can't go outside")
"More Than" or "Less Than" ---> Inequality

An easy way for the testmakers to write a wrong-but-tricky answer is to criss-cross these idioms (e.g. "As many that" or "More...as")


In this case, the comparisons are all off but one:

A) Dirt roads cost vs. Maintaining paved roads
B) Dirt roads cost vs. paved roads do ("do" takes the place of "cost") ---> CORRECT!
C) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. paved roads cost
D) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. it does
E) To maintain dirt roads vs. for paved roads


Only B puts each element in the same form, so B is a correct comparison while the others miss the mark.


Hi Brian,

I have a small doubt. In the idiom "as much X as Y" , X and Y needs to be parallel . For eg:
He is depressed as much because he is away from his family as because he is not doing well in the job.
His knowledge springs as much from experience as from schooling.

But, i couldn't understand the form of "as much X as Y" in " dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do ".
Thanks in advance.
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Re: Dirt roads [#permalink] New post 13 Feb 2014, 10:54
mayankmalik01 wrote:
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
Formatting issues aside, I've always loved this question as a great example of a comparison error.

When a comparison is drawn on a sentence correction question, two major themes should jump out at you:

1) The two things compared must be compared in equivalent form.

Here, we could compare:

Dirt roads to paved roads
Maintaining dirt roads to maintaining dirt roads

But comparing "the cost of maintaining dirt roads" to "paved roads" is incorrect - one is a cost, and the other is a road...they could never be alike!

Make sure that, when a comparison is drawn, you check to ensure that the two items are in equivalent form. I like to envision a balance scale from chemistry class as a mental picture. If I'm weighing a substance in a petri dish I must account for the weight of the dish on the other side of the balance! Similarly, if I'm comparing a cost of one item, I have to make sure I compare it directly to the cost of the other.


2) Comparison idioms should be in the right form.

This one doesn't have a mistake, but you should get in the habit of seeing:

"As Many As" or "As Much As" ---> Equality
"So Many That" or "So Much That" ---> Critical Mass (e.g. "there is so much pollution in the air that we can't go outside")
"More Than" or "Less Than" ---> Inequality

An easy way for the testmakers to write a wrong-but-tricky answer is to criss-cross these idioms (e.g. "As many that" or "More...as")


In this case, the comparisons are all off but one:

A) Dirt roads cost vs. Maintaining paved roads
B) Dirt roads cost vs. paved roads do ("do" takes the place of "cost") ---> CORRECT!
C) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. paved roads cost
D) Maintaining dirt roads costs vs. it does
E) To maintain dirt roads vs. for paved roads


Only B puts each element in the same form, so B is a correct comparison while the others miss the mark.


Hi Brian,

I have a small doubt. In the idiom "as much X as Y" , X and Y needs to be parallel . For eg:
He is depressed as much because he is away from his family as because he is not doing well in the job.
His knowledge springs as much from experience as from schooling.

But, i couldn't understand the form of "as much X as Y" in " dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do ".
Thanks in advance.


This sentence follows the Elliptical sentence structure, elliptical construction refers to the omission of one or more words from the clause if the meaning is clear even with the omission.
For e.g. The sentence "My Dad likes fishing as much as I like fishing." can be changed to "My Dad likes fishing as much as I do." without any change in meaning
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Re: Dirt roads   [#permalink] 13 Feb 2014, 10:54
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