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Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another

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Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 15:36
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:48) correct 49% (01:05) wrong based on 148 sessions
Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.
(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads

How is Parallelism at work in this question??

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2012, 18:13
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A.cost (making ? )can not be compared with maintenance.
B.could be an option but s-D looks better.
C.Paved roads doesn't do anything-maintenance is done(by some one else) on the paved roads.
D.RIGHT because,maintaining is parellel to "ït does".
E.to maintain is not appropriate with "cost"

IMO -D
please explain the right answer.
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2012, 18:46
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IMO B
D is wordy "Concision Error"
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 03:11
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Good question B seems to be the most concise .
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2012, 08:43
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I try my best to look at comparsions as X as much as Y where the sentences X and Y are constructed the same way. Additionally now I try to figure out meaning as well of the original sentence. With this sentence we are trying to say "Something about Dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads". Based on these two things this is what I would have done ->

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads Split 1: Cost of dirt roads != maintaining paved roads
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do Split 1: "X costs twices as much as Y does" - Looks fine
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do Split 1: "something to X costs as much as Y does" This construction looks awkward because you are doing something to X but then flipping the structure with Y.
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads Split 1: Here you are saying something costs twice as much as cost for Y. The structure is flipped in this one as well so wrong.
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads Split 1: Here the construction is flipped as well. Since To something X twice as much as For Y.

Based on this analysis I would have picked B. Comparsions are very tricky but based on what I know, I try to always keep the construction the same on both sides of the comparison keyword (Like, Unlike, As, Than, idioms). I don't have my Manhattan's SC book on me but I remember a piece regarding how to use As Much As from the idioms list.
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2012, 20:21
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smoothie2003 wrote:
I try my best to look at comparsions as X as much as Y where the sentences X and Y are constructed the same way. Additionally now I try to figure out meaning as well of the original sentence. With this sentence we are trying to say "Something about Dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads". Based on these two things this is what I would have done ->

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads Split 1: Cost of dirt roads != maintaining paved roads
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do Split 1: "X costs twices as much as Y does" - Looks fine
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do Split 1: "something to X costs as much as Y does" This construction looks awkward because you are doing something to X but then flipping the structure with Y.
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads Split 1: Here you are saying something costs twice as much as cost for Y. The structure is flipped in this one as well so wrong.
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads Split 1: Here the construction is flipped as well. Since To something X twice as much as For Y.

Based on this analysis I would have picked B. Comparsions are very tricky but based on what I know, I try to always keep the construction the same on both sides of the comparison keyword (Like, Unlike, As, Than, idioms). I don't have my Manhattan's SC book on me but I remember a piece regarding how to use As Much As from the idioms list.


This is the best post I have seen all day. I want to express my sincere thanks! The structural analysis has given me a new way to look at SC questions. This strategy will take me far!
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2012, 22:15
More than a parallelism question, this is really testing comparisons.

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads --Comparing dirt roads and maintaining paved roads? WRONG

(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
CORRECT

(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
Comparing maintaining dirt roads and paved roads? WRONG

(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
What does it refer to? you may say maintaining, of course! But how come maintaining does something? ;) WRONG

(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads
Does this even make sense? To maintaing costs twice as much to maintain for something?
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2012, 04:12
Good question, i like some of the comparisons my initial thought was also D

the subject is dirt roads, the list is paved roads and dirt roads, the cost of each.

Unfortunately after that i got stuck :(
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2012, 01:36
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smoothie2003 wrote:
I try my best to look at comparsions as X as much as Y where the sentences X and Y are constructed the same way. Additionally now I try to figure out meaning as well of the original sentence. With this sentence we are trying to say "Something about Dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads". Based on these two things this is what I would have done ->

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads Split 1: Cost of dirt roads != maintaining paved roads
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do Split 1: "X costs twices as much as Y does" - Looks fine
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do Split 1: "something to X costs as much as Y does" This construction looks awkward because you are doing something to X but then flipping the structure with Y.
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads Split 1: Here you are saying something costs twice as much as cost for Y. The structure is flipped in this one as well so wrong.
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads Split 1: Here the construction is flipped as well. Since To something X twice as much as For Y.

Based on this analysis I would have picked B. Comparsions are very tricky but based on what I know, I try to always keep the construction the same on both sides of the comparison keyword (Like, Unlike, As, Than, idioms). I don't have my Manhattan's SC book on me but I remember a piece regarding how to use As Much As from the idioms list.



Pretty nice Strategy!!!! Kudos
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Re: Dirt Roads [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2012, 20:40
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smoothie2003 wrote:
I try my best to look at comparsions as X as much as Y where the sentences X and Y are constructed the same way. Additionally now I try to figure out meaning as well of the original sentence. With this sentence we are trying to say "Something about Dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads". Based on these two things this is what I would have done ->

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads Split 1: Cost of dirt roads != maintaining paved roads
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do Split 1: "X costs twices as much as Y does" - Looks fine
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do Split 1: "something to X costs as much as Y does" This construction looks awkward because you are doing something to X but then flipping the structure with Y.
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads Split 1: Here you are saying something costs twice as much as cost for Y. The structure is flipped in this one as well so wrong.
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads Split 1: Here the construction is flipped as well. Since To something X twice as much as For Y.

Based on this analysis I would have picked B. Comparsions are very tricky but based on what I know, I try to always keep the construction the same on both sides of the comparison keyword (Like, Unlike, As, Than, idioms). I don't have my Manhattan's SC book on me but I remember a piece regarding how to use As Much As from the idioms list.



Like the strategy, but didnt quite get the part with option A...can anyone explain?
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Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2014, 13:07
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Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2014, 13:07
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