Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another

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04 Jun 2009, 16:57
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244. Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads

Why is D wrong and what exactly option D means? I thought 'it' in option D refers back to 'maintaining' and 'does' to 'costs' .. is n't it?

can some one clearly exaplain me this?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 07 Jun 2016, 20:06, edited 1 time in total.
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02 Sep 2010, 08:40
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B it is.

Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.

(A) dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads - incorrect comparosin
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do [cost to maintain].
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it [maintaining] does for paved roads- awkward, wordy
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads - awkward
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01 Oct 2010, 09:41
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But I think 'it' in D is not wrong.....

(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it[maintaining] does [costs] for paved roads
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04 Jun 2009, 18:57
What is wrong with B?
I am confused between B and D
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05 Jun 2009, 08:25
I think D is grammatically correct..

but when to options like B, it is wordy..

hence B will be the correct answer..

Also Mantaining costs for paved roads is not so likable sentence as in D though gramatically its correct..
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05 Jun 2009, 16:26
I don't think there's anything wrong with option B, so I'll go that since its the shorter answer.
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02 Sep 2010, 06:35
244. Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads

in my opinion..the oa should be D
as in B..it is as if we are comparing dirt roads with maintaining paved roads..

hence OA should be D
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02 Sep 2010, 19:06
This is from OG12 Q89, Answer is undoubtedly B
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06 Nov 2013, 21:28
Hello:

Any help would be appreciated!

Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.

(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads

OA B.
I narrowed down to BCD.

But immediately discarded C because I thought (C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do (cost).. not cost of MAINTAINING

Then I was in between B&D and thought (B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do (cost)?
TO MAINTAIN is in between "as much as" construction.

So I thought (erroneously) that the meaning in B could be either:

1... as paved roads do COST
OR
2....as paved roads DO COST TO MAINTAIN

OR EVEN A THIRD OPTION:
(silly one) as paved roads DO cost twice as much to maintain

Really I DON'T KNOW for what exactly "do" stands for in B, and HOW to learn this rule!! (I guess that is the 5th time that I got this question wrong!)

My reasoning was then by POE:
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it[maintaining] does [costs] for paved roads

Please any light in this issue would be really appreciated!

Ricardo
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07 Nov 2013, 13:24
ricardocs84 wrote:
Hello:

Any help would be appreciated!

Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.

(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads

OA B.
I narrowed down to BCD.

But immediately discarded C because I thought (C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do (cost).. not cost of MAINTAINING

Then I was in between B&D and thought (B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do (cost)?
TO MAINTAIN is in between "as much as" construction.

So I thought (erroneously) that the meaning in B could be either:

1... as paved roads do COST
OR
2....as paved roads DO COST TO MAINTAIN

OR EVEN A THIRD OPTION:
(silly one) as paved roads DO cost twice as much to maintain

Really I DON'T KNOW for what exactly "do" stands for in B, and HOW to learn this rule!! (I guess that is the 5th time that I got this question wrong!)

My reasoning was then by POE:
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it[maintaining] does [costs] for paved roads

Please any light in this issue would be really appreciated!

Ricardo

(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do..

verbs are generally not explicitly stated in comparison when meaning & comparison are clear. If you place missing verb, B reads as "dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do [cost]"..

Its grammatically correct even if the sentence reads as "dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do [cost to maintain]".

My POEis always just to place the missing verb and then check for the following
1) Verb Tense
2) Parallelism
3) Meaning or comparison

B is correct in all those aspects

(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do

Comparison is wrong in C. cost of Maintaining dirt roads is compared with cost of paved roads. The correct choice will compare "cost of Maintaining dirt roads is compared with cost of maintaing paved roads"

(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads

2 errors in D
1) What does "it" refer to?
2) Place missing verb in the sentence " maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does [costs] for paved roads"..Its sounds bad.
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07 Nov 2013, 16:12
D is wrong, I thought that (D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it[maintaining] does [costs] for paved roads.

I thought:

it = pronoun of maintaining
does = pronoun of costs

In (B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do (cost to maintain, not just the cost of the road itself!)

Some really good instructor gave some good examples of this case:

E.g.,
French bulldog puppies cost more than Samoyed puppies.
French bulldog puppies cost more than Samoyed puppies do.
^^ These sentences discuss the cost of purchasing the puppies themselves.

French bulldog puppies cost less to feed than Samoyed puppies.
French bulldog puppies cost less to feed than Samoyed puppies do.
^^ These sentences discuss the cost of feeding the dogs, not the cost of purchasing them.

You do need a certain degree of parallelism. (E.g., here, "do" needs a verb, "cost", to which it can be parallel.) Beyond that, though, it's mostly just common sense.

If for some reason you wanted to compare the cost of feeding one of the puppies with the cost of purchasing the other one -- for whatever reason -- then you'd have to write a sentence that's very specific about that intention.
E.g., It costs more to purchase a French bulldog puppy than to feed a Samoyed for ten years.

Guess I got it this time!
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01 Apr 2016, 08:02
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01 Apr 2016, 08:25
What Does "DO" implies to in option B.
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01 Apr 2016, 13:39
282552 wrote:
What Does "DO" implies to in option B.

The verb "do" is used instead of the verb "cost" in order to avoid repetition.

.....dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads cost (do).
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19 May 2016, 13:44
Yes B is correct.
D sounds simply awkward. In A it is not clear whether they are talking about building dirt roads or maintaining dirt roads. The same counts for answer choice C. I was tempted to go with C but B is definitely the better choice. E = terrible English! Not good.

Do we have an approximate difficulty level for this question? Just curious. I did pretty well on the SC section of my last GMAT which was the only section I did well on.

ugimba wrote:
244. Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.
(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do
(D) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as it does for paved roads
(E) to maintain dirt roads costs twice as much as for paved roads

Why is D wrong and what exactly option D means? I thought 'it' in option D refers back to 'maintaining' and 'does' to 'costs' .. is n't it?

can some one clearly exaplain me this?
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16 Aug 2016, 21:48
Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another century, but financially strained townships point out that dirt roads cost twice as much as maintaining paved roads.

(B) dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do
(C) maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do : Incorrect comparison
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16 Aug 2016, 22:12
it is easy if point out parallel structures

B. dirt roads cost twice as much to maintain as paved roads do. Good parallelism of two clauses.Correct

C. maintaining dirt roads costs twice as much as paved roads do. Difference in two clauses, incorrect
Re: Dirt roads may evoke the bucolic simplicity of another   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2016, 22:12
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