Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are

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Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 09:03
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245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has
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20 Apr 2010, 18:04
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Hey All,

Lots of conversation around this one, but it doesn't look like anyone's taken it apart piece by piece. Let's do that.

This is a tough question, because it is masquerading as a comparison question. I saw a lot of people mention comparison here, and there absolutely is one. However, none of them really compare the way I (and probably you) would like to see it, "Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over those paid in occupations that are predominantly female..." Then we would get the comparison we want. But none of the answers do it, so comparison must not be the issue here. In reality, it's much simpler: this is a straight-forward subject-verb agreement question.

The two important splits are paid/favors, and have/has at the end.

Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
PROBLEM: The subject of "have" is "discrimination", which is singular, so we need "has". How do we know it's "discrimination", and not "wages" or "occupations"? Well, if you'd read the MGMAT Sentence Correction guide, you'd know! : ) The subject of a sentence will never be within a prepositional phrase. "in wages paid" is prepositional, as is "in occupations". This means "discrimination" is our subject, which is singular.

(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
PROBLEM: same as above.

(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
PROBLEM: Because "that" is a relative pronoun, we know that this phrase modifies "wages". This means "wages" must be the subject of "favors", so it should be "favor".

(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
PROBLEM: Same as above.

(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

That's a rough one. Hope that helps!

-tommy
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26 Jul 2010, 10:32
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Hey kevskesav,

In fact, that is the correct comparison. We're comparing occupations that are predominantly male to the predominantly female (occupations). They left out the noun, but that's because it's understood.

As for Noboru's example, yes, your example is grammatically correct, because even though the relative clause isn't directly touching what it modifies, that's because we already have another modifier (and they can't both touch) "of high school graduates" which ITSELF is then modified by "in the United States".

Hope that helps!

-t
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26 Jul 2010, 11:34
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Hey Nusma,

Well the sentence itself already says "predominantly male occupations", so it must be okay to imply that other occupations are predominantly female. It isn't that the word itself has a gender, it's just like saying "The boys soccer team".

-t
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03 Sep 2010, 12:16
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Hey Munda,

I don't quite understand your question. The "that" clause modifies the big noun "discrimination in wages." It's sort of like saying:

"The Jack in the box that I got for Christmas is broken."

"in the box" is technically modifying "Jack", but really it's just one big noun "The Jack In The Box".

Also, the rule you're referencing is to deal with subject-verb agreement issues, not modifier issues. You get rid of middlemen to locate the subject and verb, not to figure out how the modifiers are working. You wouldn't want to get rid of middlemen to deal with modifiers, because middlemen ARE modifiers.

-t
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Re: Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 11:18
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A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have -SVA error
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have SVA error
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have SVA error
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
SVA error - wages should have a plural verb favor
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has-- The best answer here wihout any gramatical errors
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12 Jul 2007, 09:30
sidbidus wrote:
245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

discripency in SVA leaves D and E.
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12 Jul 2007, 11:49
D here for me. Discrimination is singular. those is required as we are talking wages in occupations
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12 Jul 2007, 12:13
My vote for D as well b/c of the reasons provided above.
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12 Jul 2007, 12:21
Discrimination is singular. So, D and E.

I go with D.
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12 Jul 2007, 19:54
go to with D. Due to SVA error and "paid in" does not sound good.
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12 Jul 2007, 20:09
shoonya wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

discripency in SVA leaves D and E.

join E for subject verb agreement.

"discrimination" is a singular subject so it needs a singular verb "has". D is not clear about the female occupations.
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13 Jul 2007, 11:42
D it is.
E incorrectly compares male occupations with predominantly females and not occupations with occupations.
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24 Aug 2009, 10:34
It´s strange.

OA is E.
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25 Aug 2009, 06:17
sidbidus wrote:
245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

"Discrimination in wages that favors" is wrong as it is not the Discrimination that favors. "E" is the correct answer.
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20 Apr 2010, 12:50
E is wrong comparison. B seems to be correct.
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20 Apr 2010, 12:55
Also I think the subject here is "wages" and not "discrimination", so it needs a "have" and not "has".
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20 Apr 2010, 23:55
Hi Tommy

Is it correct that "predominantly male occupations" is compared with the "predominantly female" and not of predominantly female occupation??
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21 Apr 2010, 07:23
damn I missed connecting 'wages' to 'that favors'. If I had ruled this out, only E would be left.
Thanks Tommy.
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21 Apr 2010, 18:36
Hey Tommy, that was a very good explanation. However, I have question regarding the comparison done in option (E). Is the option (E) not comparing "predominantly male occupations" with "predominantly female" which does not seem right to me? And this comparison is correct in (D).

Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has
Re: SC - Wages   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2010, 18:36

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