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# Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for

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Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  21 Apr 2012, 05:06
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Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions. Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control, two crucial factors that can drive new business.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the statements above?

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
B. Online classes are more convenient for both instructors and students than are classes held at specific geographic locations.
C. Distance learning does not required climate control or parking facilities.
D. Most types of instruction can be effectively conducted in an online setting.
E. Computers and internet access are uniformly available to people in the developed world.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Distance learning - PR1012 [#permalink]  21 Apr 2012, 18:46
aalriy wrote:
Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service

A seems correct.

Other choice would be C. But C infers little too less.
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Re: Distance learning - PR1012 [#permalink]  21 Apr 2012, 20:24
In the first thought, I consider C correct choice. However, when think secondly, choice A is better. In choice C, it states that the online course does not need facility is too strict and possibly wrong.
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Re: Distance learning - PR1012 [#permalink]  22 Apr 2012, 10:18
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A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
-- The stimulus never mentions the different types of costs associated with distance learning methods v/s other instruction methods. So, according to me this statement cannot be inferred.
C. Distance learning does not required climate control or parking facilities.
-- Whereas, the stimulus clearly says "Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other" for location specific methods. It would not be extreme to say that Distance learning does not require climate control or parking facilities
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  19 Feb 2013, 09:56
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aalriy wrote:
Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions. Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control, two crucial factors that can drive new business.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the statements above?
A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
B. Online classes are more convenient for both instructors and students than are classes held at specific geographic locations.
C. Distance learning does not required climate control or parking facilities.
D. Most types of instruction can be effectively conducted in an online setting.
E. Computers and internet access are uniformly available to people in the developed world.

fameatop wrote:
Hi Mike,
I am not able to understand why option A is preferred over C. Can you explain kindly where am i making a mistake.
Fame

I'm happy to help with this.

First of all, I will say ---- I don't think this is a very high quality question. This source is not an excellent source for GMAT questions --- see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/princeton- ... ok-review/
In particular, I think this question does not have a single clear right answer, the way any good GMAT CR would. Instead, it has a "more gray" answer and a "less gray" answer.

(C) is a reasonably good answer, and if the other four answers were wrong, (C) would be the correct answer. BUT, (A) is a stronger answer. First of all, notice that (C) is very close to being explicitly stated. This is never a pattern for an incorrect answer on the GMAT CR, but perhaps this source is trying to teach some lesson along the lines of "it can't be an inference if it's stated directly." I would say --- (C) is oddly close to what is stated explicitly, whereas (A) has more the proper distance from what is explicitly stated for a good CR inference. Let me make clear --- this judging I am doing is from the perspective of someone who writes CR questions. This criterion --- too explicit to be an inference ---- is something a question writer need to keep in mind, but if the question writer has done the job well, this is never a consideration that the test taker needs to address.

Secondly, notice that (A) is really aligned with the thrust of the argument. Overall, the argument is about ---- look how much money we can save, offering distance learning instead of on-site learning. Choice (A) is very much about the central point the argument is making --- that's also a characteristic of a good CR inference. By contrast, (C) is a detail, a throwaway mention, not vital to the argument overall. Once again, this is also a criterion that should be employed in question creation, but if a question is well-written, this shouldn't really be a concern for the test taker.

As is often the case, the questions that generate a great deal of discussion on these forums are the poorly written questions that ultimately raise a bunch of issues that really are of little use to someone studying for the GMAT. What most helps folks preparing for the GMAT are quality questions. Here's a practice GMAT CR question:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/questions/3150
When you submit your answer, the following page will have a complete video solution.

Let me know if anyone reading this has any questions.
Mike
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  29 Mar 2013, 02:42
Hi Mike,
Still a bit confused. It mentions that "Money that would otherwise be spent on....can be diverted to marketing and quality control." Wouldn't that cause A to be questioned since the money is just being diverted and not really saved?
Thanks.
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  29 Mar 2013, 04:34
aalriy wrote:
Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions. Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control two crucial factors that can drive new business.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the statements above?

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
B. Online classes are more convenient for both instructors and students than are classes held at specific geographic locations.
C. Distance learning does not required climate control or parking facilities.
D. Most types of instruction can be effectively conducted in an online setting.
E. Computers and internet access are uniformly available to people in the developed world.

Option A is full flaws.....
Consider
An institute invests 100,000$on infrastructure....By investing in Distance learning progs. it saves that money and invests ion other areas.......So how is the cost less. unless and until we know how much is being invested and saved...its difficult to comment.......Moreover The word COSTS leaves an ambiguity..that the cost of the course to students or to the institution is less. So i think its a completely ambiguous answer choice...... Archit Magoosh GMAT Instructor Joined: 28 Dec 2011 Posts: 2582 Followers: 848 Kudos [?]: 3535 [0], given: 40 Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink] 29 Mar 2013, 09:40 Expert's post RMART wrote: Hi Mike, Still a bit confused. It mentions that "Money that would otherwise be spent on....can be diverted to marketing and quality control." Wouldn't that cause A to be questioned since the money is just being diverted and not really saved? Thanks. Dear RMART, My friend, I don't know how much you know about how businesses operate, but this would be very good stuff to understand before you set out on your MBA. Some of the expenses of a business are "necessarily evils" ---- for example, every dollar spent on rent or parking or climate control is just gone --- those are necessary expenses, but the business doesn't get anything except the ability to keep doing what they already are doing. Perhaps some of those might be investments, say if they are paying the mortgage on a space, but even then, the money they spend doesn't move the business itself forward. By contrast, what business love to spend money on are things that promote growth. Advertising & marketing are prime examples. Under the right conditions, if marketing is done right, every dollar spent on marketing brings back, say,$2 or \$3 in increase revenue (i.e. new customers that result from the marketing). Once a business has established this "multiplying" effect with its marketing, then it can just throw money in that direction, because every dollar will multiply. Throwing money at a money multiplier is a virtually ideal state for business growth.

For a business to be able to divert money from never-see-again kinds of expenses to investments that multiply --- for anyone who runs a business, this is simply a dream-come-true improvement. As anyone who runs a business knows, a dollar spent is NOT just a dollar spent --- where it is spent makes all the difference.

Again, if you are not familiar with the details of how businesses operate, that would be an excellent place to do some reading up before you apply to B-school.

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  29 Mar 2013, 09:54
Thanks for the advice Mike, and yes I do know all those things you just described. However, I thought you weren't to use any outside information ...thats why I didn't think it to that detail. Anyways, thanks for the clarification
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  08 Sep 2013, 09:45
honestly A is a completely wrong answer choice

I feel C is the most closest if the question is an inference question.
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  08 Sep 2013, 21:36
aalriy wrote:
Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions. Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control two crucial factors that can drive new business.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the statements above?

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
B. Online classes are more convenient for both instructors and students than are classes held at specific geographic locations.
C. Distance learning does not required climate control or parking facilities.
D. Most types of instruction can be effectively conducted in an online setting.
E. Computers and internet access are uniformly available to people in the developed world.

I'm confused how (A) can be inferred. The paragraph mentions that distance learning is cheaper.
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  09 Sep 2013, 08:46
Expert's post
animanga008 wrote:
aalriy wrote:
Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions. Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control two crucial factors that can drive new business.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the statements above?

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
B. Online classes are more convenient for both instructors and students than are classes held at specific geographic locations.
C. Distance learning does not required climate control or parking facilities.
D. Most types of instruction can be effectively conducted in an online setting.
E. Computers and internet access are uniformly available to people in the developed world.

I'm confused how (A) can be inferred. The paragraph mentions that distance learning is cheaper.

Dear animanga008,
I'm happy to help.

This is a very tricky thing about inference on the GMAT. Here's the link to a blog article:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/inference- ... rehension/
Even though that article is about RC, inference on the CR is much the same.

You see, it's true that the GMAT will not ask you to infer something that is said literally, in black and white, on the page. BUT (big "but") --- a correct inference on the GMAT will only be a shade different, a hair's breadth away, from what was said explicitly.

Notice, the words "cheaper" or "more expensive" appear nowhere in the text. The text literally talks about how money formerly spent on thing X can now be spent on thing Y. It never makes a statement anywhere that the costs associated with distance learning are lower than anything else. In fact, it never makes an explicit statement about the costs associated with distance learning at all. And yet, we undeniably know, without a shadow of a doubt, that if everything in the passage is true, then it absolutely must be the case that distance learning is cheaper. How do we know this is the case? We inferred it!

The thing that the GMAT will ask you to infer is often like this --- the thing that is not explicitly expressed, but is so absolutely obvious a deduction, and almost identical to what is said, that we will sometimes swear, "I'm sure they said X in the paragraph" even though they didn't. If the statement gives you the feeling that it was stated, even though it wasn't, that's a superbly designed inference question --- exactly what the GMAT wants to do when it creates such a question.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  15 Jan 2014, 01:15
Great question Mike

You have already given a great explanation, but I will chip in my two cents.

Since most of the folks are confused between A and C, the given stimulus just says that the money spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control etc. will be diverted.

It is nowhere stated that non-distant learning requires/not requires climate control/parking. 'money' is the main point == money is saved/diverted.
Since, C states that 'distance learning does not require climate control or parking facilities,' and not about 'the money' involved, C is wrong.
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  15 Jan 2014, 06:26
As per my understanding learning institutions save money on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service.... and divert the amount to marketing and quality control to further enhance business( the "new business" is confusing ... they should have used the savings to furtherance of the existing business).

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.how can we definitely say that....do we assume that class room education and distant learning are the only two modes of imparting education..may be a third mode is cheaper....in any case no such mention in the stimulus....

C. Distance learning does not require climate control or parking facilities....we can definitely say that as the stimulus says so....

WHY THEN SHOULD "A" BE CORRECT.......

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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  28 Apr 2014, 06:18
semwal wrote:
As per my understanding learning institutions save money on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service.... and divert the amount to marketing and quality control to further enhance business( the "new business" is confusing ... they should have used the savings to furtherance of the existing business).

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.how can we definitely say that....do we assume that class room education and distant learning are the only two modes of imparting education..may be a third mode is cheaper....in any case no such mention in the stimulus....

C. Distance learning does not require climate control or parking facilities....we can definitely say that as the stimulus says so....

WHY THEN SHOULD "A" BE CORRECT.......

COULD SOME EXPERT PLEASE ATTEMPT TO CLARIFY THIS DOUBT OF MINE ?
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  28 Apr 2014, 12:30
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semwal wrote:
As per my understanding learning institutions save money on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service.... and divert the amount to marketing and quality control to further enhance business( the "new business" is confusing ... they should have used the savings to furtherance of the existing business).

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.how can we definitely say that....do we assume that class room education and distant learning are the only two modes of imparting education..may be a third mode is cheaper....in any case no such mention in the stimulus....

C. Distance learning does not require climate control or parking facilities....we can definitely say that as the stimulus says so....

WHY THEN SHOULD "A" BE CORRECT.......

Dear semwal
I'm happy to help. First of all, I believe you misunderstand the used of the word "business" at the end of this passage:
Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions. Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control, two crucial factors that can drive new business.
Here, the passage does not mean "a business" in the sense of "a company", which already exists. The passage means "business" in the sense of "doing business" or "good for business"----- commercial activity as such. Here, "drive new business" means, essentially, "generate new customers."

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  28 Apr 2014, 19:59
Picked A.

This is my approach.

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
"Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities,.... bla bla" Money has been mentioned specifically in the argument... and that is what made me pick A over C

B. Online classes are more convenient for both instructors and students than are classes held at specific geographic locations.
Irrelevant

C. Distance learning does not required climate control or parking facilities.
Pretty close, but not as close as option A

D. Most types of instruction can be effectively conducted in an online setting.
Irrelevant
E. Computers and internet access are uniformly available to people in the developed world.
Irrelevant
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  29 Apr 2014, 00:52
mikemcgarry wrote:
semwal wrote:
As per my understanding learning institutions save money on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service.... and divert the amount to marketing and quality control to further enhance business( the "new business" is confusing ... they should have used the savings to furtherance of the existing business).

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.how can we definitely say that....do we assume that class room education and distant learning are the only two modes of imparting education..may be a third mode is cheaper....in any case no such mention in the stimulus....

C. Distance learning does not require climate control or parking facilities....we can definitely say that as the stimulus says so....

WHY THEN SHOULD "A" BE CORRECT.......

Dear semwal
I'm happy to help. First of all, I believe you misunderstand the used of the word "business" at the end of this passage:
Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions. Money that would otherwise be spent on classroom space, parking facilities, climate control, and other particulars associated with providing a location-specific service can be diverted to marketing and quality control, two crucial factors that can drive new business.
Here, the passage does not mean "a business" in the sense of "a company", which already exists. The passage means "business" in the sense of "doing business" or "good for business"----- commercial activity as such. Here, "drive new business" means, essentially, "generate new customers."

Does this make sense?
Mike

Thanks a lot MIKEMCGARRY.........What you said is absolutely correct.... can't waste too much time on such questions....
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  29 Apr 2014, 09:16
At first I am hurry to choose C, but later carefully seeing the structure. This line made me the point "Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for learning institutions."

If distance learning offer lucrative option for institution, then the institution might be in a advantage , and the option A helps it.

A. The costs associated with offering distance learning are lower than those of other instruction methods.
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Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for [#permalink]  25 Jun 2014, 05:20
you could have more students/more revenue/more profit all with the same cost and it would still be a 'lucrative option'.
Re: Distance learning offers a potentially lucrative option for   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2014, 05:20
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