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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games

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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2008, 16:29
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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2008, 18:28
D
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2008, 19:18
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.


IMO B)
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2008, 11:59
D for me.
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2008, 13:28
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.



Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.
Conclusion says "would help" its not "must"


So author assumed that
" Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome. "


I will go with B.

What is OA
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2008, 14:02
C
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2008, 14:50
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.


B-

a; out of scope-- should focus on research which is the evidence
b; regulation must pass law
c; not focused on "only way" but ways to reduce develop cts
d; looks like another conclusion for regulation
e; out of scope
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2008, 15:08
IMO D.
The doctor's conclusion is ..Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. In other words, the conclusion says "if such a law is passed, it will help"
Doctor does not conclude that this law will be passed... so B should not be the assumption.
However, the doctor's conclusion to be valid , the desired effect of the law should be achieved . For that D should be true ( assumption ).
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2008, 15:32
OA is D
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 06 Aug 2008, 00:13
can you please explain what is wrong with C
"Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome."
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2008, 04:51
Even I am confused it looks to be a clear C
The question of parents following legistation does not arise a legislation should be followed
I think we need more discussion on this one
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2008, 05:28
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hibloom wrote:
Even I am confused it looks to be a clear C
The question of parents following legistation does not arise a legislation should be followed
I think we need more discussion on this one



C is irrelevant because the conclusion is focussed on how the legislation can curb the condition

COnsider this :
What is the Conclusion of the argument?

Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

What is the evidence provided?
Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome

Paraphrase: Doctors know video games are the reason for Carpal tunnel syndrome in adolescents .If legistation is passed such that videos cannot be sold to minors the painful wrist condition can be curbed.

What is the gap between the conclusion and evidence?
How adolescent get access to video games?The argument is assuming kids buy video games. They cannot receive videos games from parents, teachers...blah blah


Hope this helps.
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2008, 08:48
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one of th ebest ways to solve "assumption" problem is to negate the assumption and the conclusion should fall apart..

if we negate C, what do we have

Playing video games is NOT the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

now it tells us that there could be other factors for CTS (carpal tunnel syndrome) ... OK fine but it doesnt rule out the possibility that playing video games is also one of the factors ... So a ban will help curm the CTS ... argument doesnt fall apart.... so C is not the answer
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2008, 20:30
Thank you very much:
I realise my mistake in this one was loosing track of the conclusion is " the legislation should be able to prevent CTS..."

hence we have concentrate on the legislation. other way to look at asumption questions is to establish the relevance of the premise as far a C is concerned it is weakening the premise hence can tbe the answer

Thank you very much guys :-D
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2008, 22:55
Thank u very much friends
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 12:10
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goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
-->Though this is possible the conclusion is stating what WOULD happen if sales to minors were prohibited. We don't need to know whether or not the bill passes.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
-->The conclusion does not depend on this statement. If not all adolescents who play videos on a regular basis don't get CTS then the legislation that prohibits the sale of video games doesn't matter.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
-->If playing video games is the ONLY way an adolescent can develop CTS then the law would not just "help curb" but would ELMINATE CTS for good.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
-->If minors can't buy games they will rely on non-minors to purchase it for them. If most parents refuse to purchase video games then CTS will be curbed among adolescents. CORRECT
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
-->This statement has nothing to do with our conclusion.


Conclusion: Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.
Assumption: No one else buys the game for the minors
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 15:55
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.


The conclusion that federal legislation prohibiting the sale of video games to minor would curb painful wrist condition among adolescents can only be true if their parents do not continue to buy these games for their kids. The games are prohibited to be sold to children, but not to adults who can buy it for them.
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 22:45
hi guys had a doubt in this question
the author says that federal legislation would be helpful in curbing the problem,so one of his assumptions is that the legislation might be passed,thatis even the federal legislators would agree with his opinion on video games,so why cant (A) be a plausible option
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 22:54
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Adhi,

fair bet, but if you look at the conclusion its " Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents."

the author is not concerned about whether the law will be passed, but will the law once passed help the reduction of the crap that ALL IT GUYS ARE PRONE TO......

So now if the parents or somebody help the guys to get games, there is no point in law, so he safely assumes that noone help the game freaks
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 23:02
i believe that B is the correct Ans.
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Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2010, 23:02
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