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Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium

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Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2012, 02:14
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A
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E

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Question Stats:

59% (01:31) correct 41% (00:59) wrong based on 76 sessions
Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium is spread and why the disease it causes, listeriosis, afflicts some people in a contaminated area though it spares many others.
(A) though it spares
(B) where it spares
(C) despite sparing
(D) when sparing
(E) while sparing

Quote:
i chose E but then changed the choice to A
my doubt is whether the use of while sparing with afflicts some people follow //ism?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Doctors still know littl [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2012, 07:23
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This is a tricky question in so far as whether it tests pronoun ambiguity or //ism. However, together with these two factors, in my personal opinion, there is a third but IMO primary factor, namely the use of appropriates a subordinate conjunction. The text intends to say that it afflicts some people at the same time it spares some others. This simultaneity is the essence of this topic, I feel.


(A) though it spares… The pronoun’s ambiguity, though not very critical, is in play and the conjunction – though - shows contrast but not concurrentness

(B) where it spares… The pronoun’s ambiguity, though not very critical is in play and the conjunction – where - shows a place of action rather than concurrentness

(C) despite sparing ------ Despite does not bring out simultaneity

(D) when sparing ------ When does not bring out contrast
(E) while sparing -------- while brings out contrast as well as simultaneity; hence, the preferred choice.

However, do GMAT questions skate on such thin ice? Very odd.

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Re: Doctors still know littl [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2012, 03:50
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Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium is spread and why the disease( it causes, listeriosis, )afflicts some people (in a contaminated area) while sparing many others

The answer lies in //ism. Read the above while ignoring the brackets.
...disease afflicts some people while sparing many others is //

At first glance even I fell for A but a closer look helped identify the mistake.
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Re: Doctors still know littl [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2012, 11:49
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Answer E.
I can tell why when and where are wrong
and why is option A here is wrong due to the usage of "it"
Despite --- in spite of
I dont know why despite is wrong but I preferred While over despite.
usage of While
It can actually mean two things:
1) while = at the same time as.
2) while = although, or some sort of contrast.

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Re: Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2014, 03:02
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Doctors still know little about how the Listeria bacterium   [#permalink] 23 Feb 2014, 03:02
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