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Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of

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Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2004, 19:18
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A
B
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D
E

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85% (01:54) correct 15% (01:14) wrong based on 138 sessions

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Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.

(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road
(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present
(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.
(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road
(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road


If possible please clarify the usage of infinitive / gerund. Thats the rule which decides the answer in this question and I would like to hammer it a bit deep into my grey cells. Thanks
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New post 20 Sep 2004, 21:17
D?

If the ans is E, my whole explanation needs to be modified :lol: let me know.

"invested in" is the idiom
"Research to develop" sounds better.
Also, we need that "than those"

As for gerund/infinitive, this might help:
http://gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=9937
domestic-automobile-manufacturers-10037.html
http://langues.cmaisonneuve.qc.ca/sbell ... xplan.html

<<Edited after Paul's post below. That has clear examples.>>

Last edited by hardworker_indian on 21 Sep 2004, 07:58, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 21 Sep 2004, 05:34
D it is
Idioms are:

Research + in + area/location
ie. research in technology, research in many countries

Research + to + infinitive
ie. research to develop a cure for cancer

Research + for + noun
ie. research for the development of a cure for cancer
This to the limit is ok but it sure is very wordy. The infinitive form is more concise. Note that "research + for + gerund" is NOT the right idiom.

This link has some examples on gerund vs infinitives
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/gerunds.htm
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New post 29 Jul 2007, 00:32
Good discussion.

OA is D
idiom is invest in X
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New post 29 Jul 2007, 06:41
Apart from Idiom the reference "those" is required to point out the plural (cars) appropriately
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New post 13 Jun 2009, 08:51
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(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road. -more X than Y idiom is used here …more gasoline efficient ….than presently on the road because we do not know, what’s on the road it’s wrong.
(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present –Research must be followed by an infinitive (to develop) and also the same paralelism error as in A-
(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road. –dudes wat is that sentence no need an explanation-
(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road -

(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road- Research must be followed by an infinitive (to develop), here …more gasoline efficient ….than presently on the road because we do not know, what’s on the road it’s wrong.
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New post 14 Jun 2009, 00:21
D....Since it makes the right comparison.......
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New post 14 Jun 2009, 09:19
Sorry for late reply...IMO - D
correct idiom = invest in
should be parallel
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2012, 22:15
Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.

(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road
(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present
(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.
(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road
(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road

(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than (to develop cars) presently on the road

My reasoning to rule A out was the following.

'presently' sounds like comparing 'gasoline-efficient car' to 'the car presently being developed'
Rather than looking into the idiomatic expression which non-native can never master all, I'd prefer some solid background to rule wrong choices to usage of the idiomatic expression.

The meaning of this sentence is to compare the efficient car to the ones on the road.

Please correct my reasoning if wrong.
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of [#permalink]

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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2016, 07:00
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2016, 10:05
krish wrote:
Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.

(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road
(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present
(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.
(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road
(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road


If possible please clarify the usage of infinitive / gerund. Thats the rule which decides the answer in this question and I would like to hammer it a bit deep into my grey cells. Thanks


A means
manufacturers have invest to develop cars more efficient than manufacturers have invested presently

no sense.
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2016, 23:42
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Between D & E :

To do : Signifies specific purpose

I picked up the knife to cut the the vegetables.

For doing : Signifies general utility

Knives are for cutting vegetables.


Here the topic is the specific reason of research. Hence to is more appropriate.

Answer : D
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Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2016, 10:10
krish wrote:
Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of dollars into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.

(A) into research to develop cars more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road
(B) into research for developing even more gasoline-efficient cars on the road than at present
(C) for research for cars to be developed that are more gasoline-efficient even than presently on the road.
(D) in research to develop cars even more gasoline-efficient than those at present on the road
(E) in research for developing cars that are even more gasoline-efficient than presently on the road


If possible please clarify the usage of infinitive / gerund. Thats the rule which decides the answer in this question and I would like to hammer it a bit deep into my grey cells. Thanks


For non-native speakers who are not acquainted with idioms, here is an explanation-

A - Wrong comparison. GE cars are compared with 'presently on the road'
B - GE cars are compared with 'at present'
C - for x for y should strike you to be awkward. It makes same error as A.
D - Good choice.
E - Same as A.

D
Re: Domestic automobile manufacturers have invested millions of   [#permalink] 24 Feb 2016, 10:10
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