Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs

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Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 00:47
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Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 01:16
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

Ans C. It explains why children were able to consume medicine earlier (Because bottles were not closed again) and may not be able to do so now, with relatively easier to open bottles for adults , undermining the argument.
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 04:44
@Vipps,

The argument says:

For adults, new bottle will be easier to open
Current bottle constitute 18% of accidents involving their grandparent's medicine.
Unfortunately, the new bottle will be easier for young children to open too.

Conclusion: Probably, new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents

To weaken the argument, i was looking for something that makes it less likely that
new bottles will cause an increase in accidents..... does option C do that?
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 12:30
Vips0000 wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

Ans C. It explains why children were able to consume medicine earlier (Because bottles were not closed again) and may not be able to do so now, with relatively easier to open bottles for adults , undermining the argument.

I agree the way you have reasoned but i think still there is gap left i.e. Since its easy for young children to open the new, even if the cap is placed back and kept in an accessible location they can open it and drink.

Hence i think E solves the issue more clinically.
Consider if the new bottle's cap is not placed back and it can be opened with less difficulty by children,but is kept in a totally inaccessible location, will it not undermine the conclusion " Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents."
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 19:37
Archit143 wrote:
Vips0000 wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

Ans C. It explains why children were able to consume medicine earlier (Because bottles were not closed again) and may not be able to do so now, with relatively easier to open bottles for adults , undermining the argument.

I agree the way you have reasoned but i think still there is gap left i.e. Since its easy for young children to open the new, even if the cap is placed back and kept in an accessible location they can open it and drink.

Hence i think E solves the issue more clinically.
Consider if the new bottle's cap is not placed back and it can be opened with less difficulty by children,but is kept in a totally inaccessible location, will it not undermine the conclusion " Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents."

@Archit143

I think you forgot Pfizer’s accountability in your reasoning (aka none) about E. Answer E) is irrelevant because it does not talk about Phizer's drug but drugs that people keep away. Well, it is possible that none of these drugs are produced by Pfizer.
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 20:37
gmatbull wrote:
@Vipps,

The argument says:

For adults, new bottle will be easier to open
Current bottle constitute 18% of accidents involving their grandparent's medicine.
Unfortunately, the new bottle will be easier for young children to open too.

Conclusion: Probably, new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents

To weaken the argument, i was looking for something that makes it less likely that
new bottles will cause an increase in accidents..... does option C do that?

Hi gmatbull,
if you notice carefully - the issue here is- the earlier bottles were actually 'adult proof' and thus adults used to leave their bottles open to avoid hassles of reopening it. Hence though it may be tougher for children to open the bottle, they could still consume it since bottles would not be even closed.
In the second scenario, with new bottles. these are relatviely easier to open compared to earlier bottles. Note 'somewhat easier' denotes easier compared to earlier but not necessarily easy to open. Thus children might still find it difficult to open the bottle, while, adult knowing they could reopen it would ensure that they close it.

Coming to Archint's conclusion - E is simply irrelevant and incorrect. If so were the case, the accidents wouldnt have happened in first place.
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 21:38
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

Hii vips.
Dont you think, by choosing option C, you are making an assumption that adults will keep on committing the same mistake. What if the new bottles carry a large print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out of reach of children. If the new bottles are kept out of reach of children, then the number of accidents will decrease.
please let me know if I am missing something.
waiting for OA.
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 22:31
@Marcab - I think you're confusing facts with actions. Stating that bottles will have a "large-print warning" does not by itself guarantee that adults will actually follow the instructions on the label. May be they will, may be they won't. Even if this is a probable option, comparing it against Answer C, it is more indirect. C is a conclusive answer. Since question asks for the answer that hurts the conclusion the "most", hence it's C.
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 22:33
but since C talks about the "Current bottles" only, how can you be so sure that people will continue to do so with the "new bottles".
Am I missing something?
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 22:37
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Marcab wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

Hii vips.
Dont you think, by choosing option C, you are making an assumption that adults will keep on committing the same mistake. What if the new bottles carry a large print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out of reach of children. If the new bottles are kept out of reach of children, then the number of accidents will decrease.
please let me know if I am missing something.
waiting for OA.

Hey Marcab,
Yes there is a clever word play that you are missing. Old bottles also carried the same label, but that dint stop accidents. How do i get this information? Read the option you chose: Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out of reach of children
Coming back to your question on C, its not assumption - its a reason presented in passage that Adults left those bottles open because it was too difficult to open. So by making it a 'bit' easier to open the bottle, the company is avoiding the possibility of bottles left open.
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 22:41
yeah..
i missed the phrase, "like those they replace", completely.
Thanks.
and here is the kudos. njoy
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 02:24
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

Hi Vips,
I agree to your logic however the same sentence also says that a new type of bottle will also make it easier for children to open the medicine, which in turn I feel would increase the accidents? Can you please clarify
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 02:49
davidfrank wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

Hi Vips,
I agree to your logic however the same sentence also says that a new type of bottle will also make it easier for children to open the medicine, which in turn I feel would increase the accidents? Can you please clarify

Hi David,
Critical reasoning questions depend a lot on cleverly written sentences. If you notice the word 'somewhat' before easier , you would be sure of the fact that though its relatively easier than earlier for kids, it still need not be easy enough.
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Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2012, 05:12
I don`t get it, why is it so difficult to post OA ? This is the last time I attempt to solve questions without OA.
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2012, 05:12
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