Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 23 Jul 2014, 06:30

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 588
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 230 [0], given: 20

GMAT Tests User
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 00:47
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

89% (01:59) correct 11% (00:55) wrong based on 30 sessions
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren

_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Done with formalities.. and back..
Joined: 15 Sep 2012
Posts: 646
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
Schools: Olin - Wash U - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 35

Kudos [?]: 348 [0], given: 23

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 01:16
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren


Ans C. It explains why children were able to consume medicine earlier (Because bottles were not closed again) and may not be able to do so now, with relatively easier to open bottles for adults , undermining the argument.

_________________

Lets Kudos!!! ;-)
Black Friday Debrief

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 588
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 230 [0], given: 20

GMAT Tests User
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 04:44
@Vipps,

The argument says:

For adults, new bottle will be easier to open
Current bottle constitute 18% of accidents involving their grandparent's medicine.
Unfortunately, the new bottle will be easier for young children to open too.

Conclusion: Probably, new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents

To weaken the argument, i was looking for something that makes it less likely that
new bottles will cause an increase in accidents..... does option C do that?

_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

VP
VP
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 1095
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 243 [0], given: 67

Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 12:30
Vips0000 wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren


Ans C. It explains why children were able to consume medicine earlier (Because bottles were not closed again) and may not be able to do so now, with relatively easier to open bottles for adults , undermining the argument.


I agree the way you have reasoned but i think still there is gap left i.e. Since its easy for young children to open the new, even if the cap is placed back and kept in an accessible location they can open it and drink.

Hence i think E solves the issue more clinically.
Consider if the new bottle's cap is not placed back and it can be opened with less difficulty by children,but is kept in a totally inaccessible location, will it not undermine the conclusion " Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents."
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Sep 2008
Posts: 71
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 8

Reviews Badge
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 19:37
Archit143 wrote:
Vips0000 wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren


Ans C. It explains why children were able to consume medicine earlier (Because bottles were not closed again) and may not be able to do so now, with relatively easier to open bottles for adults , undermining the argument.


I agree the way you have reasoned but i think still there is gap left i.e. Since its easy for young children to open the new, even if the cap is placed back and kept in an accessible location they can open it and drink.

Hence i think E solves the issue more clinically.
Consider if the new bottle's cap is not placed back and it can be opened with less difficulty by children,but is kept in a totally inaccessible location, will it not undermine the conclusion " Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents."



@Archit143

I think you forgot Pfizer’s accountability in your reasoning (aka none) about E. Answer E) is irrelevant because it does not talk about Phizer's drug but drugs that people keep away. Well, it is possible that none of these drugs are produced by Pfizer.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Done with formalities.. and back..
Joined: 15 Sep 2012
Posts: 646
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
Schools: Olin - Wash U - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 35

Kudos [?]: 348 [0], given: 23

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 20:37
gmatbull wrote:
@Vipps,

The argument says:

For adults, new bottle will be easier to open
Current bottle constitute 18% of accidents involving their grandparent's medicine.
Unfortunately, the new bottle will be easier for young children to open too.

Conclusion: Probably, new bottle will cause an increase in these accidents

To weaken the argument, i was looking for something that makes it less likely that
new bottles will cause an increase in accidents..... does option C do that?

Hi gmatbull,
if you notice carefully - the issue here is- the earlier bottles were actually 'adult proof' and thus adults used to leave their bottles open to avoid hassles of reopening it. Hence though it may be tougher for children to open the bottle, they could still consume it since bottles would not be even closed.
In the second scenario, with new bottles. these are relatviely easier to open compared to earlier bottles. Note 'somewhat easier' denotes easier compared to earlier but not necessarily easy to open. Thus children might still find it difficult to open the bottle, while, adult knowing they could reopen it would ensure that they close it.

Hope that clarifies your doubt.

Coming to Archint's conclusion - E is simply irrelevant and incorrect. If so were the case, the accidents wouldnt have happened in first place.

_________________

Lets Kudos!!! ;-)
Black Friday Debrief

Expert Post
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Preparing for the another shot...!
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1425
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 123

Kudos [?]: 565 [0], given: 62

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 21:38
Expert's post
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren


Hii vips.
Dont you think, by choosing option C, you are making an assumption that adults will keep on committing the same mistake. What if the new bottles carry a large print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out of reach of children. If the new bottles are kept out of reach of children, then the number of accidents will decrease.
please let me know if I am missing something.
waiting for OA.

_________________

Prepositional Phrases Clarified|Elimination of BEING| Absolute Phrases Clarified
Rules For Posting
www.Univ-Scholarships.com

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Sep 2008
Posts: 71
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 8

Reviews Badge
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 22:31
@Marcab - I think you're confusing facts with actions. Stating that bottles will have a "large-print warning" does not by itself guarantee that adults will actually follow the instructions on the label. May be they will, may be they won't. Even if this is a probable option, comparing it against Answer C, it is more indirect. C is a conclusive answer. Since question asks for the answer that hurts the conclusion the "most", hence it's C.
Expert Post
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Preparing for the another shot...!
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1425
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 123

Kudos [?]: 565 [0], given: 62

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 22:33
Expert's post
but since C talks about the "Current bottles" only, how can you be so sure that people will continue to do so with the "new bottles".
Am I missing something?

_________________

Prepositional Phrases Clarified|Elimination of BEING| Absolute Phrases Clarified
Rules For Posting
www.Univ-Scholarships.com

1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Done with formalities.. and back..
Joined: 15 Sep 2012
Posts: 646
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
Schools: Olin - Wash U - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 35

Kudos [?]: 348 [1] , given: 23

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 22:37
1
This post received
KUDOS
Marcab wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren


Hii vips.
Dont you think, by choosing option C, you are making an assumption that adults will keep on committing the same mistake. What if the new bottles carry a large print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out of reach of children. If the new bottles are kept out of reach of children, then the number of accidents will decrease.
please let me know if I am missing something.
waiting for OA.

Hey Marcab,
Yes there is a clever word play that you are missing. Old bottles also carried the same label, but that dint stop accidents. How do i get this information? Read the option you chose: Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out of reach of children
Coming back to your question on C, its not assumption - its a reason presented in passage that Adults left those bottles open because it was too difficult to open. So by making it a 'bit' easier to open the bottle, the company is avoiding the possibility of bottles left open.
Hope it helps.. Kudos is here << ;)

_________________

Lets Kudos!!! ;-)
Black Friday Debrief

Expert Post
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Preparing for the another shot...!
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1425
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 123

Kudos [?]: 565 [0], given: 62

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 22:41
Expert's post
yeah..
i missed the phrase, "like those they replace", completely.
Thanks.
and here is the kudos. njoy

_________________

Prepositional Phrases Clarified|Elimination of BEING| Absolute Phrases Clarified
Rules For Posting
www.Univ-Scholarships.com

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Jun 2011
Posts: 72
Location: United States
Concentration: Accounting, Finance
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 11

Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2012, 02:24
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren



Hi Vips,
I agree to your logic however the same sentence also says that a new type of bottle will also make it easier for children to open the medicine, which in turn I feel would increase the accidents? Can you please clarify
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Done with formalities.. and back..
Joined: 15 Sep 2012
Posts: 646
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
Schools: Olin - Wash U - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 35

Kudos [?]: 348 [0], given: 23

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2012, 02:49
davidfrank wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs for adults in a new type of bottle that, for adults,
will be much easier to open than Pfizer’s current, child-resistant bottles. Unfortunately, the new bottle will also
be somewhat easier for young children to open, and last year, 18 percent of accidental poisonings of young children
by prescription drugs involved their grandparents’ medicine. Probably, then, Pfizer’s new bottle will cause an increase
in these accidents.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument?

A. Pharmaceutical drugs manufactured by Pfizer accounted for several of last year’s accidental poisonings of young
children by their grandparents’ medicine.
B. Pfizer’s new bottles, like those they will replace, carry a large-print warning urging customers to keep the bottle out
of reach of children.
C. Many adults find Pfizer’s current bottles so frustrating to open that they frequently do not reclose those bottles
after use.
D. Pfizer’s new bottle is indistinguishable from its current bottle except for the shape of the cap.
E. Adults generally try to keep their medications completely inaccessible to young grandchildren



Hi Vips,
I agree to your logic however the same sentence also says that a new type of bottle will also make it easier for children to open the medicine, which in turn I feel would increase the accidents? Can you please clarify


Hi David,
Critical reasoning questions depend a lot on cleverly written sentences. If you notice the word 'somewhat' before easier , you would be sure of the fact that though its relatively easier than earlier for kids, it still need not be easy enough.

_________________

Lets Kudos!!! ;-)
Black Friday Debrief

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 275
Location: European union
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 37

Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2012, 05:12
I don`t get it, why is it so difficult to post OA ? This is the last time I attempt to solve questions without OA.
Re: Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2012, 05:12
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Experts publish their posts in the topic Drug manufacturer alchemist009 7 01 Nov 2012, 05:55
Historically, the drug industry promoted its products to anaik100 5 07 Apr 2010, 10:13
drug undergo Natalya Khimich 1 01 May 2006, 19:06
Pharma Corp, which manufactures the drug Aidistan, claims selene 10 09 Mar 2006, 10:03
SC-Drugs! saurabhmalpani 4 26 Dec 2004, 13:27
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Drug manufacturing giant Pfizer will soon package its drugs

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.