During an ice age, the buildup of ice at the poles and the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# During an ice age, the buildup of ice at the poles and the

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Manager
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During an ice age, the buildup of ice at the poles and the [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2005, 07:09
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During an ice age, the buildup of ice at the poles and the drop in water levels near the equator speed up the Earthâ€™s rotation, like a spinning figure skater whose speed increases when her arms are drawn in.
(A) like a spinning figure skater whose speed increases when her arms are drawn in
(B) like the increased speed of a figure skater when her arms are drawn in
(C) like a figure skater who increases speed while spinning with her arms drawn in
(D) just as a spinning figure skater who increases speed by drawing in her arms
(E) just as a spinning figure skater increases speed by drawing in her arms
If you have any questions
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07 Jun 2005, 07:46
The trap in this SC is the usage of 'as' and 'like'. Like is used to compare noun phrases. 'as' is used to compare actions. Also parallelism got to be maintained.

Here logically we should compare 'the building up of ice increases the earth's rotation ' with ' the drawing in of the skater's hand increases her rotation speed'

A - cant be right. 'like' should not be used for the above reasons.

B - cant be right. 'like' should not be used for the above reasons.

C - cant be right. 'like' should not be used for the above reasons.

D - cant be right. Eventhough 'Just as' is used to compare actions, here the action of building up is compared to the skater.

E - Right.

Let me know the OA.
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07 Jun 2005, 11:09
Lets break down the senetence,

A speed up B, [like] a spinning figure skater whose speed increases when her arms are drawn in.

so we need as, not like

just as X does Y

just as a spinning figure skater increases speed by drawing in her arms

so E is the the only one.
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07 Jun 2005, 23:49
One more for E. We are compairing earth's rotation to scater's rotation.
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08 Jun 2005, 00:02
E.

Actually 'like' is used properly here in the sense that it does compare nouns, the trouble is that there is no noun to compare to in the first sentence.
E introduces perfect parallel sentences, comparing concepts.
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08 Jun 2005, 01:01
A,B, and C are out as 'like' is used to compare nouns. We do not have a noun in the non-underlined part of the sentence to compare with figure skater.

Between D and E, E is better. We do not need 'who' to introduce the modifier for the figure skater since we're just comparing the rotation of the earth with the spinning of the figure skater.

E it is.
08 Jun 2005, 01:01
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