During each of the past five years, the total demand for : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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During each of the past five years, the total demand for

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During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 11:21
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During each of the past five years, the total demand for paper on the part of manufacturers who produce paper packaging for consumer products has declined. During the same time period, the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined. However, reliable reports from recycling facilities across the country indicate that the amount of paper-based packaging material that they provide to paper-packaging companies for reuse has been increasing steadily.

The information provided best supports which of the following conclusions with respect to the last five years?

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.
(B) The amount of paper-based packaging that has been recycled for the same uses has exceeded the amount that has not.
(C) Recycled paper-based packaging has been used only for new packaging.
(D) The total amount of packaging material made of non-paper materials has increased.
(E) Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using.

OE:

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The correct answer is (A). According to the passage, the total paper demand for packaging has been decreasing, while the amount of paper packaging recycled for the same purpose has been increasing. These two facts, considered together, lend strong support to the conclusion that manufacturers have been substituting recycled paper packaging for “fresh” paper to meet their demand for paper packaging.

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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09 Oct 2010, 13:16
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Narrowed the choices to two -- A and B. Could not make out what option B was about, it was very confusing and probably some new information added as a trap.

Option A wins.

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.
(B) The amount of paper-based packaging that has been recycled for the same uses has exceeded the amount that has not.
(C) Recycled paper-based packaging has been used only for new packaging. -- [Cannot be determined.]
(D) The total amount of packaging material made of non-paper materials has increased. [Cannot be determined since non-paper based materials was not discussed at all.]
(E) Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using. [New information not present in the stimulus.]
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24 Jan 2011, 15:08
tough one, i think above 700 level
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25 Jan 2011, 01:13
My biggest problem for a Must Be True question is trying to understand and remember all the facts from the stimulus. Usually, I have to read the stimulus twice. Then I would read each answer choice and then refer back to the stimulus again to try to prove/disprove it. Can someone suggest how I can do these problems more efficiently? Thanks.

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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2013, 22:20
During each of the past five years, the total demand for paper on the part of manufacturers who produce paper packaging for consumer products has declined. During the same time period, the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined. However, reliable reports from recycling facilities across the country indicate that the amount of paper-based packaging material that they provide to paper-packaging companies for reuse has been increasing steadily.

The information provided best supports which of the following conclusions with respect to the last five years?

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.(Already stated in RED)
(B) The amount of paper-based packaging that has been recycled for the same uses has exceeded the amount that has not.(Sounds awkward)
(C) Recycled paper-based packaging has been used only for new packaging.
Given the argument I think this one is correct.,the argument implies this only as option A is already stated in the argument so cannot be a conclusion.
(D) The total amount of packaging material made of non-paper materials has increased.
OOS
(E) Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using.
OOS

This needs a discussion folks.
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2013, 23:03
targetgmatchotu wrote:
During each of the past five years, the total demand for paper on the part of manufacturers who produce paper packaging for consumer products has declined. During the same time period, the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined. However, reliable reports from recycling facilities across the country indicate that the amount of paper-based packaging material that they provide to paper-packaging companies for reuse has been increasing steadily.

The information provided best supports which of the following conclusions with respect to the last five years?

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.(Already stated in RED)
(B) The amount of paper-based packaging that has been recycled for the same uses has exceeded the amount that has not.(Sounds awkward)
(C) Recycled paper-based packaging has been used only for new packaging.
Given the argument I think this one is correct.,the argument implies this only as option A is already stated in the argument so cannot be a conclusion.
(D) The total amount of packaging material made of non-paper materials has increased.
OOS
(E) Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using.
OOS

This needs a discussion folks.

Hey targetgmatchotu,

If you take a look at the option that you chose, i.e. Option C the biggest problem you will see in the phrase 'only for new packaging' Recycled paper-based packaging has been used only for new packaging. They don't mention anywhere that all the recycled paper based packaging goes into making new paper-based packagin. They just say that the demand has increased. So in future just be a bit wary of strong words like "only" in the answer.

Only answer A fits since that data is available in the question allowing you to reasonably draw a conclusion that amount of paper-based packing using fresh timber is decreasing since it is stated in the question that " the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined".

I hope this helps.
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 16:14
kidchaos wrote:
During each of the past five years, the total demand for paper on the part of manufacturers who produce paper packaging for consumer products has declined. During the same time period, the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined. However, reliable reports from recycling facilities across the country indicate that the amount of paper-based packaging material that they provide to paper-packaging companies for reuse has been increasing steadily.

The information provided best supports which of the following conclusions with respect to the last five years?

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.
(B) The amount of paper-based packaging that has been recycled for the same uses has exceeded the amount that has not.
(C) Recycled paper-based packaging has been used only for new packaging.
(D) The total amount of packaging material made of non-paper materials has increased.
(E) Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using.

OE:

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The correct answer is (A). According to the passage, the total paper demand for packaging has been decreasing, while the amount of paper packaging recycled for the same purpose has been increasing. These two facts, considered together, lend strong support to the conclusion that manufacturers have been substituting recycled paper packaging for “fresh” paper to meet their demand for paper packaging.

OA:

Well they have been substituting fresh paper for recycled for starters, but what if the company had stocks/inventory on paper from freshly cut tress? We cannot assume that since there is less timber therefore less in being used in the product of paper right? Or can we?

I think this would be nice to discuss, lets share some knowledge
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2015, 00:00
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2015, 04:37
Hi everyone,

I think that the correct answer is option A.

The decline in the demand for the fresh paper is more or less compensated by the recycling of the paper(stated in the argument)
Therefore it can be concluded that the amount of freshly cut timber,which is the source of the paper,is apparently decreasing.
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2015, 05:31
Why is option E incorrect?

Option E says that consumers have increased the usage of paper products that they recycle .. implies .. more amount of recycled paper. Does this not imply that the amount of recycled paper is increasing... so the requirement for fresh paper is decreasing?
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2015, 05:57
formulaone wrote:
Why is option E incorrect?

Option E says that consumers have increased the usage of paper products that they recycle .. implies .. more amount of recycled paper. Does this not imply that the amount of recycled paper is increasing... so the requirement for fresh paper is decreasing?

Option E-Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using.

Read option E again with particular emphasis on the underlined portion.
Where in the argument do are we discussing about recycling by the consumers??

And, infact, if the consumers (= paper packaging industry) themselves start recycling the paper then there will less supply of recyclable paper to the recycling plants and consequently back to the packaging industry.

Even if we leave aside the above explanation, remember that the whole argument is based on amount ( read number) and option E is about portion (= percentage).

On the GMAT, it is rare that an argument that talks about numbers may be answered by percentages.
Numbers go with numbers and percentages go with percentages.

Hope I am right and the above helps!

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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2015, 13:07
samichange wrote:
formulaone wrote:
Why is option E incorrect?

Option E says that consumers have increased the usage of paper products that they recycle .. implies .. more amount of recycled paper. Does this not imply that the amount of recycled paper is increasing... so the requirement for fresh paper is decreasing?

Option E-Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using.

Read option E again with particular emphasis on the underlined portion.
Where in the argument do are we discussing about recycling by the consumers??

And, infact, if the consumers (= paper packaging industry) themselves start recycling the paper then there will less supply of recyclable paper to the recycling plants and consequently back to the packaging industry.

Even if we leave aside the above explanation, remember that the whole argument is based on amount ( read number) and option E is about portion (= percentage).

On the GMAT, it is rare that an argument that talks about numbers may be answered by percentages.
Numbers go with numbers and percentages go with percentages.

Hope I am right and the above helps!

I do not mind Kudos

Hi Samichange,

During each of the past five years, the total demand for paper on the part of manufacturers who produce paper packaging for consumer products has declined. During the same time period, the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined. However, reliable reports from recycling facilities across the country indicate that the amount of paper-based packaging material that they provide to paper-packaging companies for reuse has been increasing steadily.

The information provided best supports which of the following conclusions with respect to the last five years?

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.

I have strange doubt regarding OA
As the highlighted text in stimulus states that volume of timber used to produce paper has decreased
This does not implies that amount of paper from freshly cut trees has decresed

This is no where mentioned in stimulus , In fact we can assume maybe there be some technological advancement due to which more paper can be produced from less volume of timber etc

So there is no evidence/real proof that amount of packaging produced from freshly cut trees has decreased

On the contrary there is no such mention of "freshly cut trees" in the stimulus so this is new information and this choice needs to be discarded

So how can we ascertain A is correct

Please let me know If I am missing something
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2015, 13:10
tvrs09 wrote:
Hi everyone,

I think that the correct answer is option A.

The decline in the demand for the fresh paper is more or less compensated by the recycling of the paper(stated in the argument)
Therefore it can be concluded that the amount of freshly cut timber,which is the source of the paper,is apparently decreasing.

Hi Tvrs09,

During each of the past five years, the total demand for paper on the part of manufacturers who produce paper packaging for consumer products has declined. During the same time period, the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined. However, reliable reports from recycling facilities across the country indicate that the amount of paper-based packaging material that they provide to paper-packaging companies for reuse has been increasing steadily.

The information provided best supports which of the following conclusions with respect to the last five years?

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.

I have strange doubt regarding OA
As the highlighted text in stimulus states that volume of timber used to produce paper has decreased
This does not implies that amount of paper from freshly cut trees has decresed

This is no where mentioned in stimulus , In fact we can assume maybe there be some technological advancement due to which more paper can be produced from less volume of timber etc

So there is no evidence/real proof that amount of packaging produced from freshly cut trees has decreased

On the contrary there is no such mention of "freshly cut trees" in the stimulus so this is new information and this choice needs to be discarded

So how can we ascertain A is correct

Please let me know If I am missing something
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Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2015, 01:10
kidchaos wrote:
During each of the past five years, the total demand for paper on the part of manufacturers who produce paper packaging for consumer products has declined. During the same time period, the cubic volume of freshly cut timber that is used to produce paper packaging has also declined. However, reliable reports from recycling facilities across the country indicate that the amount of paper-based packaging material that they provide to paper-packaging companies for reuse has been increasing steadily.

The information provided best supports which of the following conclusions with respect to the last five years?

(A) The amount of packaging using paper from freshly cut trees has decreased.
(B) The amount of paper-based packaging that has been recycled for the same uses has exceeded the amount that has not.
(C) Recycled paper-based packaging has been used only for new packaging.
(D) The total amount of packaging material made of non-paper materials has increased.
(E) Consumers have increased the portion of paper products that they recycle after using.

OE:

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The correct answer is (A). According to the passage, the total paper demand for packaging has been decreasing, while the amount of paper packaging recycled for the same purpose has been increasing. These two facts, considered together, lend strong support to the conclusion that manufacturers have been substituting recycled paper packaging for “fresh” paper to meet their demand for paper packaging.

OA:

Prephrase:
1. Total Demand(TD) for paper by paper packaging manufacturers(PPM) reduced. [point noted - PPM only for consumer goods]
2. Fresh timber USAGE [the word is not the demand] has been reduced in same period.
3. report from recycling facilities = paper material for reuse to paper packaging companies (PPC) [PPC may be = PPM] has been increased.

Inference = reuse of paper has been increased, fresh timber usage has been decreased.

Choice Analysis:
A - it looks perfect
B - this choice speaks about usage - we have not provided with different usages of paper based packaging.
C - 'Only' is too absolute.
D - paper material vs. non paper material for packaging = no information available, out of the scope
E - Consumers incremental usage? - nothing of this sort stated. Out of the scope!

Hence, A is correct.

Re: During each of the past five years, the total demand for   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2015, 01:10
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