During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 24 Jan 2017, 08:29

# LIVE NOW:

How to Get Off the MBA Waitlist: YouTube Live with Personal MBA Coach  |  Click Here to Join the Session

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s

### What is the difficulty level of this question

You may select 1 option
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 348

Kudos [?]: 1925 [3] , given: 82

During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2013, 13:23
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:55) correct 48% (00:50) wrong based on 400 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.

C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

If you have any questions
New!
Intern
Joined: 15 Aug 2012
Posts: 47
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 2

Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2013, 13:31
Vercules wrote:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.

C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.

Meaning :- Dr Stevens suggests drinking water and applying oil on the face to fight radiation

Error Analysis :- to apply is not parallel to drinking

Option A :- explained
Option B :- Change of meaning. Per the original sentence there is only 1 purpose of applying oil, but this options provides 2 purposes
Option C :- Correct
Option D :- to apply not parallel to drinking
Option E :- no verb in the dependent clause.

IMO :- C
Manager
Joined: 13 Dec 2012
Posts: 110
GMAT 1: Q V
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 19

Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2013, 20:06
I think B because which points to the noun just preceding it
Manager
Joined: 25 Dec 2012
Posts: 58
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Sustainability
Schools: Fisher '16 (M)
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 6

Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2013, 05:03
carcass wrote:
Agree with C

Building a protective layer and fighting radiation are two different actions. And thus C can`t be the answer.
It may be B
Intern
Joined: 02 Oct 2012
Posts: 10
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 11

Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2013, 09:11
I'd go with B on this one. In B: The Argan oil is acting as a blocking agent and not the face. In C, this is not the case. So, B must be right imho.
Intern
Joined: 29 Jan 2013
Posts: 18
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V41
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 1

Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2013, 09:31
I agree with B on this one.
_________________

Consider Kudos if my post helps.

Intern
Joined: 08 Aug 2011
Posts: 48
Schools: Rotman, Ivey
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 9

Re: During hot summer days to reduce -My New 700+ Question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2013, 09:57
Vercules wrote:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

+1 for C.
Agree with Dinesh2Apr but I think he missed on mentioning the point that "which" can refer to non-touching noun in cases when the closest noun is short, has no place to be fitted otherwise, and does not add ambiguity for "which" reference. Here, clearly which is referring to Argan Oil and "on the face" has nowhere to go.
Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 348

Kudos [?]: 1925 [4] , given: 82

Re: During hot summer days to reduce -My New 700+ Question [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2013, 10:08
4
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Vercules wrote:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

Hi foks, this is a slightly tricky question.

A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

The original sentence does not maintain parallelism. Dr. Steven suggests “drinking..” and “to apply..”

B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.

This choice distorts the meaning of the original sentence. Answer choice incorrectly implies that "on the face" Argan oil is acting as a blocking agent. But, actually argan oil acts as a blocking agent in general and not just on the face. By changing the placement of prepositional phrase we have distorted the meaning and logic of the sentence. Moreover, notice the word "acts"; it is simple past, which is used to express a characteristic or a general truth. So the meaning of the phrase "acts as a blocking agent on the face" is incorrect in the given sentence.

As a rule you can remember,

if you have "A + preposition + B, which..."
then:
--> if B works well (in terms of both grammar, common sense and the intended meaning of the sentence) as the antecedent of "which", then "which" should stand for B.
--> if B doesn't work as the antecedent, but "A + preposition + B" DOES work, then "which" can stand for "A (+ prep + B)"

The example in this post comes under the second category.

C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

This is the correct answer choice. It may appear that the relative pronoun “which” is modifying “face” but it does not make any sense. It is in fact modifying “Argan oil”; the placement of the prepositional phrase “on the face” is correct because it cannot be placed anywhere in the sentence without changing the intended meaning of the sentence. Answer choice maintains parallel structures and retains the original meaning and, thus the correct choice.

D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

Same error as (A), parallelism is not maintained. Moreover, ‘as’ marks the comparison better than “like”. The argan oil acts “as” a blocking agent and not “like” a blocking agent.

E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.

E again uses “like” inappropriately; furthermore it lacks the main verb, making a fragment. Thus, this is also an incorrect choice.

Hope my original question and explanation helped

Vercules
_________________

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10543
Followers: 920

Kudos [?]: 204 [0], given: 0

Re: During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Oct 2014, 01:38
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2014
Posts: 154
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V34
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 118 [0], given: 123

During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2015, 22:35
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.
C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.
_________________

I'm happy, if I make math for you slightly clearer
And yes, I like kudos
¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2013
Posts: 50
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 5

Re: During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2015, 23:28
A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation. - Incorrect - Parallelism (drinking and to apply)
B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation. - Incorrect - Change of meaning ('which acts as a blocking agent on the face' sounds like it is exclusive to the face)
C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation. - Correct!
D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation. - Incorrect - Parallelism (drinking and to apply)
E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation. - Incorrect - acting and allowing is unnecessary. Also, 'as' is better than 'like' since we are comparing an action.

Hope this helps
_________________

Regards!

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Math Forum Moderator
Joined: 20 Mar 2014
Posts: 2654
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
Schools: Kellogg '18 (M)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.7
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)
Followers: 117

Kudos [?]: 1342 [0], given: 789

Re: During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2015, 03:39
VenoMftw wrote:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.
C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.
E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.

Please search for topics before posting. The same SC question has been discussed at during-hot-summer-days-to-reduce-the-effect-of-sun-s-147529.html

chetan2u , please merge the topics.
_________________

Thursday with Ron updated list as of July 1st, 2015: http://gmatclub.com/forum/consolidated-thursday-with-ron-list-for-all-the-sections-201006.html#p1544515
Inequalities tips: http://gmatclub.com/forum/inequalities-tips-and-hints-175001.html
Debrief, 650 to 750: http://gmatclub.com/forum/650-to-750-a-10-month-journey-to-the-score-203190.html

Manager
Joined: 13 Jun 2016
Posts: 135
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Technology
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 424

Re: During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jul 2016, 03:50
How do you determine of the modifier, 'which', modifies either the preposition or the actual subject? I have seen multiple cases of both scenarios.
Re: During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s   [#permalink] 04 Jul 2016, 03:50
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet 0 25 Jul 2015, 03:39
9 For protection from the summer sun 6 07 May 2015, 19:42
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in 7 15 Jul 2007, 13:09
For protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in 3 12 May 2007, 10:17
for protection from the summer sun, the Mojave lived in 3 14 Feb 2007, 21:17
Display posts from previous: Sort by