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During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s

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During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun s [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2013, 13:23
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A
B
C
D
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Question Stats:

58% (01:54) correct 42% (00:55) wrong based on 106 sessions
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.

C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2013, 13:31
Vercules wrote:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.

C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.


Meaning :- Dr Stevens suggests drinking water and applying oil on the face to fight radiation

Error Analysis :- to apply is not parallel to drinking

Option A :- explained
Option B :- Change of meaning. Per the original sentence there is only 1 purpose of applying oil, but this options provides 2 purposes
Option C :- Correct
Option D :- to apply not parallel to drinking
Option E :- no verb in the dependent clause.

IMO :- C
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Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2013, 20:06
I think B because which points to the noun just preceding it
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Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2013, 05:03
carcass wrote:
Agree with C


Building a protective layer and fighting radiation are two different actions. And thus C can`t be the answer.
It may be B
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Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2013, 09:11
I'd go with B on this one. In B: The Argan oil is acting as a blocking agent and not the face. In C, this is not the case. So, B must be right imho.
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Re: During hot summer days to reduce - New 700+ Question [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2013, 09:31
I agree with B on this one.
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Re: During hot summer days to reduce -My New 700+ Question [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2013, 09:57
Vercules wrote:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

+1 for C.
Agree with Dinesh2Apr but I think he missed on mentioning the point that "which" can refer to non-touching noun in cases when the closest noun is short, has no place to be fitted otherwise, and does not add ambiguity for "which" reference. Here, clearly which is referring to Argan Oil and "on the face" has nowhere to go.
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Re: During hot summer days to reduce -My New 700+ Question [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2013, 10:08
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Vercules wrote:
During hot summer days to reduce the effect of sun’s ultraviolet rays on the skin, Dr. Steven suggests drinking warm cold water and to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.


Hi foks, this is a slightly tricky question.

A) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acts like a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

The original sentence does not maintain parallelism. Dr. Steven suggests “drinking..” and “to apply..”

B) applying Argan oil, which acts as a blocking agent on the face, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer and to fight the radiation.

This choice distorts the meaning of the original sentence. Answer choice incorrectly implies that "on the face" Argan oil is acting as a blocking agent. But, actually argan oil acts as a blocking agent in general and not just on the face. By changing the placement of prepositional phrase we have distorted the meaning and logic of the sentence. Moreover, notice the word "acts"; it is simple past, which is used to express a characteristic or a general truth. So the meaning of the phrase "acts as a blocking agent on the face" is incorrect in the given sentence.

As a rule you can remember,

if you have "A + preposition + B, which..."
then:
--> if B works well (in terms of both grammar, common sense and the intended meaning of the sentence) as the antecedent of "which", then "which" should stand for B.
--> if B doesn't work as the antecedent, but "A + preposition + B" DOES work, then "which" can stand for "A (+ prep + B)"

The example in this post comes under the second category.


C) applying Argan oil on the face, which acts as a blocking agent, allowing the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

This is the correct answer choice. It may appear that the relative pronoun “which” is modifying “face” but it does not make any sense. It is in fact modifying “Argan oil”; the placement of the prepositional phrase “on the face” is correct because it cannot be placed anywhere in the sentence without changing the intended meaning of the sentence. Answer choice maintains parallel structures and retains the original meaning and, thus the correct choice.

D) to apply Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allows the skin time to build a protective layer to fight the radiation.

Same error as (A), parallelism is not maintained. Moreover, ‘as’ marks the comparison better than “like”. The argan oil acts “as” a blocking agent and not “like” a blocking agent.

E) applying Argan oil on the face, which acting like a blocking agent allowing the skin time for building a protective layer fighting the radiation.

E again uses “like” inappropriately; furthermore it lacks the main verb, making a fragment. Thus, this is also an incorrect choice.


Hope my original question and explanation helped :-)

Vercules
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Re: During hot summer days to reduce -My New 700+ Question   [#permalink] 20 Feb 2013, 10:08
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